The English Peerage - Barons
(File 3 of 12)
GRIFFIN, LORD HOWARD OF WALDEN.
JOHN GRIFFIN GRIFFIN, baron Howard of Walden and baron Braybrooke of Braybrooke; knight of the bath, lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Essex, a general of his majesty's forces, colonel of the fourth regiment of dragoons, and recorder of the borough of Walden in the county of Essex.
This nobleman was born -- ----- ----, and assumed the surname of Griffin in right of his mother in the year 1749. He was elected to seven parliaments for the borough of Andover in the county of Southampton. He embraced the profession of the army, and was elected knight companion of the most honourable order of the bath in the year 1761. He was constituted 21 March 1766 captain and colonel of the first troop of horse grenadier guards, and promoted 2 April 1778 to the rank of general of his majesty's forces. He was admitted to the dignity of the peerage 3 August 1784, and in the same year constituted lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Essex Upon the reduction of the grenadier guards, he was farther constituted 1788 colonel of the fourth regiment of dragoons, and was created in the same year baron Braybrooke of Braybrooke, with remainder to Richard Aldworth Nevil of Billingbeare in the county of Berks esquire.
Lord Howard married -- ----- 1749 Anne Mary, daughter of John baron Schutz; which lady dying 18 August 1764, he married secondly 11 June 1764 Catherine, daughter of William Clayton of Harleyford in the county of Buckingham esquire.
The family of Griffin has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the second. Sir Thomas Griffin, in the reign of king Edward the third, married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Warren Latimer lord Latimer of Braybrooke. Edward, sixth in descent from sir Thomas, was constituted by king Henry the eighth 8 June 1545 solicitor general; which office he exchanged 21 May 1552 for that of attorney general, and was continued in that employment by queen Mary and queen Elizabeth. He died in the year 1569.
Edward, fourth in descent from Edward, was created by king James the second 3 December 1688 baron Griffin of Braybrooke in the county of Northampton; and, retiring into France upon the abdication of that monarch, received sentence of outlawry. He engaged in the intended invasion of king James in the year 1708; and, being taken prisoner, was ordered for execution; but continued in confinement by several reprieves till his death 10 November 1710. Lord Griffin married Essex, daughter and heiress of James third earl of Suffolk. Elizabeth, second daughter and coheiress, married sir Thomas Felton of Playford in the county of Suffolk baronet; by whom she had issue
- Elizabeth, married to John first earl of Bristol. The title of baron Howard of Walden was in abeyance between their descendants.
James, second lord Griffin, son of Edward and Essex, was father of,
- Edward, third lord Griffin; upon whose death 1742 the title of baron Griffin of Braybrooke became extinct.
- Anne, married to William Whitwel of Oundle in the county of Northampton esquire; by whom she had issue
- John, present lord Howard of Walden;
- Matthew, one of the rear admirals superannuated on the half-pay list, who married first Mary, daughter of James Deacon of Portsmouth in the county of Southampton esquire; secondly Elizabeth, daughter of Theophilus Pugh of the province of Virginia esquire; and thirdly Margaret, daughter of John Champernon of the county of Devon esquire;
- Anne, born 27 March 1721, and married to count Welderen, late envoy extraordinary from the States General to the court of Great Britain;
- and Mary, born 20 July 1728, and married to the reverend William Parker, doctor in divinity. Anne, the mother, died 1770.
PETRE, LORD PETRE.
ROBERT EDWARD PETRE, baron Petre of Writtle.
This nobleman was born -- ----- 1733, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 11 July 1742. He professes the Roman Catholic religion.
Lord Petre married first 19 April 1762 Anne, daughter and heiress of Philip, grandson of Henry sixth duke of Norfolk; by which lady, who died 16 January 1787, he has issue,
- Robert Edward, born 2 September 1763.
- George William, born 10 January 1766, and married 13 October 1785 to Mary Bridget, sister of Bernard Edward, heir apparent to the duke of Norfolk; by which lady he has issue
- a daughter, born 23 January 1787.
- Anne Catherine, born 8 March 1769.
- Philip Hugh, born 20 December 1773. Lord Petre married secondly 16 January 1788 Juliana Barbara, sister of Bernard Edward, heir apparent of the duke of Norfolk.
The family of Petre has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the sixth. William Petre, in the reign of king Henry the eighth, was constituted by that monarch one of the commissioners to visit and inquire into the state of all the monasteries throughout England, and farther promoted in the year 1543 to be one of the principal secretaries of state, in which office he was continued by king Edward the sixth and queen Mary, and for a short time by queen Elizabeth. By the will of king Henry the eighth he was declared one of the twelve counsellors who were appointed to assist the sixteen executors of his will, to whom he intrusted the government during the minority of his son. He died 13 January 1572.
John, his son, was by king James the first created baron Petre of Writtle. William, fourth lord Petre, his great grandson, was committed to the Tower in the year 1678, and impeached of high treason upon the deposition of that infamous impostor Titus Oates. He died in confinement 5 January 1683.
Robert James, eighth lord Petre, grandson of Thomas sixth lord Petre, brother of William fourth lord Petre, married Anne, daughter of James Ratcliffe earl of Derwentwater; by which lady, who died 31 March 1760, he had issue,
- Robert Edward, present and ninth lord Petre.
- Catherine married to George Heneage of Hainton in the county of Lincoln esquire. She died 13 October 1783.
- Barbara, married to Thomas Gifford of Chillington in the county of Stafford esquire.
- Julia, married to Edward Weld of Lulworth Castle in the county of Dorset esquire. She died 16 June 1772.
HENRY ARUNDEL, baron Arundel of Wardour; count of the Holy Roman Empire.
This nobleman was born 31 May 1740, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 12 September 1756. He professes the Roman Catholic religion.
Lord Arundel married 31 May 1762 Mary, daughter of Benedict Conquest of Irnham in the county of Lincoln esquire; by which lady he has issue,
- Mary Christiana, born 10 August 1764, and married to James Everard, son of James Everard son of Henry sixth lord Arundel.
- Eleanor Mary, born 20 March 1766, and married to Charles, son of Hugh fifth lord Clifford of Chudleigh.
The family of Arundel has been traced back to the reign of king William the conqueror. Sir John Arundel, in the reign of king Richard the second, was constituted by that monarch earl marshal of England. John, his son, had issue,
- Thomas, ancestor of Richard, who was created by king Charles the second 23 March 1664 baron Arundel of Trerice in the county of Cornwal, which title became extinct in the year 1773.
- Humphrey, father of John, who was elected in the year 1496 lord bishop of Litchfield and Coventry, and translated in the year 1501 to the fee of Exeter. He died 15 May 1503.
John, grandson of John grandson of sir John Arundel, was one of those valiant commanders who distinguished themselves in the wars of king Henry the sixth for the crown of France. Thomas, fifth in descent from this distinguished leader, married Margaret, granddaughter of Thomas second duke of Norfolk, and sister of Catherine fifth consort to king Henry the eighth. He was beheaded 26 February 1552 upon a charge of conspiring with Edward first duke of Somerset the murder of John Dudley duke of Northumberland.
Thomas, his grandson, distinguished himself in the wars of Rodolph the second, emperor of Germany, against the Turks; and in consideration of his valour, and his taking their standard with his own hand, he was created 14 December 1595 count of the Holy Roman Empire. By king James the first he was advanced to the dignity of a baron by the title of lord Arundel of Wardour, and died 7 November 1639.
Thomas, second lord Arundel, his son, distinguished himself on the party of Charles the first in the civil wars. His consort defended the Castle of Wardour against the parliamentary forces for several days; and they being driven off by the return of lord Arundel, he caused the castle to be blown up. He was killed in the battle of Lansdown 5 July 1643.
Henry, third lord Arundel, his son, was committed to the Tower in the year 1678, and impeached of high treason upon the deposition of Titus Oates. He was admitted to bail in the year 1683, and was constituted by king James the second 11 March 1686 lord keeper of the privy seal. He died 28 December 1694.
Thomas, fourth lord Arundel, his son, had issue,
- Henry, fifth lord Arundel.
- Thomas, who was killed at the battle of the Boyne fighting on the party of king James the second 1 July 1690.
Henry, seventh lord Arundel, married Mary, daughter of Richard Arundel Bealing of Lanherne in the county of Cornwal; by which lady, who died 21 February 1769, he had issue
- Henry, present and eighth lord Arundel.
Irnham Castle in the county of Lincoln.
JOHN BLIGH, earl of Darnley, viscount Darnley of Athboy, and baron Clifton of Rathmore of the kingdom of Ireland; baron Clifton of Leighton Bromswold of the kingdom of Great Britain; hereditary high steward of Gravesend and Milton in the county of Kent.
This nobleman succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 31 July 1781.
The family of Bligh is descended from sir Gervase Clifton, who by king James the first was created baron Clifton of Leighton Bromswold. He was committed to the Tower upon account of certain scandalous words respecting a suit that had been decreed against him by lord chancellor Bacon, and put an end to his existence in the year 1618.
Catherine, baroness Clifton, his daughter, married Esme Stuart, baron Darnley, Torbolton, Methuen and Aubigne, earl of Lenox and duke of Lenox of the kingdom of Scotland, who was descended from a younger branch of the family of Henry lord Darnley, consort to queen Mary and titular king of Scotland. The duke of Lenox was created by king James the first in the year 1619 earl of March in the county of York, and constituted in the year 1624 heritable lord great chamberlain of the kingdom of Scotland. He died in the year 1625, having issue, by Catherine his consort,
- James, his successor.
James, duke of Lenox, was constituted by king Charles the first in the year 1626 heritable lord high admiral of the kingdom of Scotland, and created in the year 1641 duke of Richmond in the county of York, with remainder to his brothers. He was farther declared in the year 1644 lord steward of the houshold to king Charles the first, and died 30 March 1655, having issue
- Esme, second duke of Richmond, who died -- ---- -----.
Bernard, second son of Esme duke of Lenox, distinguished himself on the party of king Charles the first in the civil wars, particularly at the battles of Newberry and Naseby. In consideration of his services he was created by that monarch in the year 1644 baron Stuart of Newberry in the county of Berks, and earl of Litchfield in the county of Stafford, with remainder to George his brother. He was killed in an engagement at Rowton Heath 26 September 1745.
George, younger son of Esme duke of Lenox, was killed in an engagement at Kineton, fighting on the party of king Charles the first. He had issue,
- Charles, third duke of Richmond; upon whose death 12 December 1672 all the honours, both English and Scottish, which had been bestowed upon the males of this family, became extinct.
- Catherine, who succeeded upon the death of her brother to the title of baroness Clifton, and married Henry lord Ibrickan, son of Henry O'Brien earl of Thomond of the kingdom of Ireland; by whom she had issue
- Catherine, married to Edward Hyde earl of Clarendon.
Theodosia, the issue of this marriage, married John Bligh, whose grand-father went over to Ireland during the protectorate of Oliver Cromwel, as an agent to the adventurers for the forfeited estates. In consequence of this marriage he was created by king George the first 14 September 1721 baron Clifton of Rathmore in the county of Meath, 7 March 1723 viscount Darnley of Athboy in that county, and 29 June 1725 earl of Darnley of the kingdom of Ireland. He had issue, by Theodosia, his consort,
- Edward, second earl of Darnley, who died 20 July 1747.
- John, third earl of Darnley.
- Anne, married first 17 September 1742 to Robert Hawkins Magil of Gill Hall in the county of Down esquire; and secondly, in the year 1748, to Bernard Ward, first lord viscount Bangor of the kingdom of Ireland. Earl John, the father, died 12 September 1728.
John, third earl of Darnley, married -- September 1766 Mary, daughter and heiress of John Stoyte of the county of Westmeath in the kingdom of Ireland esquire; by which lady he had issue,
- John, present and fourth earl of Darnley.
- Mary, born 20 July 1768.
- Theodosia, born 21 February 1771.
- Sarah, born 10 February 1772.
- Catherine, born 6 May 1774.
Rathmore in the county of Meath in the kingdom of Ireland.
CHARLES DORMER, lord Dormer of Wenge, and a baronet.
This nobleman was born -- ----- 1722, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father. He professes the Roman Catholic religion.
Lord Dormer married 9 August 1749 Mary, daughter of George fourteenth earl of Shrewsbury; by which lady, who died 15 May 1753, he had issue
- Charles, born 10 January 1752.
The family of Dormer has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the sixth. Geoffrey Dormer, in the reign of king Henry the eighth, had issue,
- Michael, who was lord mayor of London in the year 1541.
- Peter, ancestor of John, who was created a baronet, which title is now extinct.
Robert, third in descent from William, was created a baronet by king James the first 10 June 1615, and immediately after baron Dormer of Wenge. He had issue,
- William, father of Robert second lord Dormer.
- Anthony; grandfather of Rowland fourth lord Dormer.
- Robert, grandfather of Charles fifth lord Dormer.
Robert, second lord Dormer, was created by king Charles the first in the year 1628 viscount Ascot in the county of Hertford and earl of Carnarvon. He embraced the party of that monarch in the civil wars, and was a nobleman of great honour and integrity. He was killed at the battle of Newberry 20 September 1643. Upon the death of Charles second earl of Carnarvon, his son, 2.9 November 1709, the titles of viscount Ascot and earl of Carnarvon became extinct.
Charles, fifth lord Dormer, died 2 July 1728, having issue,
- Charles, sixth lord Dormer, who died 7 March 1 761.
- John, seventh lord Dormer.
John, seventh lord Dormer, married Mary, daughter of sir Cecil Bishop of Parham in the county of Sussex baronet; by which lady, who died 2 November 1739, he had issue,
- Charles, present and eighth lord Dormer.
- Elizabeth, born 15 May 1724, and married. to George fifteenth earl of Shrewsbury
- Robert, born 17 May 1726.
- Catherine, born 16 July 1727.
- John, born 18 February 1730, who embraced the military profession, and entered into the service of the emperor of Germany.
- James, born 27 May 1735, who married Mary, daughter of Patrick Purcel of Cadiz in the kingdom of Spain esquire; by which lady he had issue
- James, born 16 February 1765;
- and Anne, born 22 January 1767.
Ewdesworth in the county of Southampton; and
Grove Park in the county of Warwick
ROPER, LORD TEYNHAM.
HENRY ROPER, baron Teynham of Teynham.
This nobleman was born 3 March 1764, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 10 December 1786.
The family of Roper has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the second; and their name, which was originally Musard, has been variously written, de Rubra Spatha, Rouspee, Rospere, Ropere and Rooper. John Roper, in the reign of king Henry the eighth, was attorney general to that monarch, and died 7 April 1524, having issue,
- William, who married Margaret, daughter of sir Thomas More lord high chancellor of England.
- Christopher, father of John, who was created by king James the first baron Teynham of Teynham.
Henry, eighth lord Teynham, fifth in descent from John first lord Teynham, conformed to the established religion soon after the accession of king George the first. By his first wife he had issue,
- Philip, ninth lord Teynham.
- Henry, tenth lord Teynham. Lord Teynham married secondly Anne, baroness Dacre.
Henry, tenth lord Teynham, married first Catherine, daughter of Edmund Powel of Sandford in the county of Oxford esquire; by which lady, who died 26 August 1765, he had issue,
- Henry, eleventh lord Teynham.
- Francis, born 25 January 1738, who married Mary, daughter of ----- Lyttelton esquire.
- Philip, born 13 October 1739, who married Barbara, daughter of - ---- Lyttelton esquire.
- Mary Catherine, born 24 December 1743, and married 23 April 1773 to Thomas, son of sir George Mostyn of Talacre in the county of Flint baronet.
- Winifred, born 5 December 1744.
- Thomas, born 2 February 1746. Lord Teynham married secondly 7 September 1772 , ---- - relict of Thomas Davis esquire; and dying 28 April 1781, his lady married secondly -- November 1782 Evan John Gerard of Highton in the county of Lancaster esquire.
Henry, eleventh lord Teynham, married Elizabeth, daughter of ----- Webber esquire, and relict of John Mills of Woodford Bridge in the county of Essex esquire; by which lady he had issue,
- Betty Maria, born 7 August 1761.
- Catherine, born 2 August 1762.
- Henry, present ,and twelfth lord Teynham.
- Anne, born 1765,
- John, born 28 March 1767.
BYRON, LORD BYRON.
WILLIAM BYRON, lord Byron of Rochdale.
This nobleman was born 5 November 1722, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 8 August 1736. He embraced the profession of the navy, and was constituted 5 December 1763 master of his majesty's stag hounds, which office he resigned in the year 1765. Having unfortunately killed in a rencontre William Chaworth esquire, he was tried by the house of peers, and acquitted 16 April in that year.
Lord Byron married 28 March 1747 Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Charles Shaw of Besthorpe in the county of Norfolk esquire; by which lady, who died 5 April 1788, he has issue,
- William, born 27 October 1749, and elected 1774 to represent the borough of Morpeth in the county of Northumberland. He married Juliana Elizabeth, daughter of John, son of William fourth lord Byron, by which lady he had issue
William, the father, died 22 June 1776.
- Caroline, born 17 January 1755.
The family of Byron had large possessions in England in the reign of William the conqueror. Sir John Byron fought in the army of king Henry the seventh at the battle of Bosworth 22 August 1485.
Sir John Byron, third in descent from Nicholas, brother of sir John, had issue,
- John, who was constituted by king Charles the first in the year 1641 lieutenant of the Tower of London, from which office he was removed upon the joint representation of both houses of parliament in the following year. He had a command at the battles of Edgehil and Newberry; soon after which he was created baron Byron of Rochdale, with remainder to his brothers. He was appointed in the following year commander in chief of the reinforcements from Ireland; and after some successes was besieged in Chester, where he surrendered to sir Thomas Fairfax in the year 1645.
- Richard, second lord Byron, who distinguished himself in the civil war.
- Philip, who was killed at the siege of York in the year 1644.
- Thomas, who was wounded at the battle of Hopton Heath 19 March 1643.
William, fourth lord Byron, grandson of Richard second lord Byron, married Frances, daughter of William Berkeley lord Berkeley of Stratton; by which lady, who married secondly -- August 1740 sir Thomas Hay of Alderstone in the county of Lothian baronet, she had issue,
- Isabella, born 10 November 1721, and married first to Henry fourth earl of Carlisle, and secondly 11 December 1759 to sir Richard Musgrave of Hayton Castle in the county of Cumberland baronet of Nova Scotia.
- William, present and fifth lord, Byron.
- John, who embraced the profession of the navy, and serving in the squadron of lord Anson in 1740, was castaway, and suffered incredible hardships for five years, of which he afterwards published a narrative. He was sent out upon a voyage of discovery to the Straits of Magellan in the year 1764, and was appointed in the year 1778 commander in chief of his majesty's fleet in the West Indies, which post he resigned in the year 1780. Admiral Byron married -- August 1748 Sophia, daughter of John Trevanion of Carhays in the county of Cornwal esquire; by which lady he had issue
- John, born 7 February 1756, who was appointed 19 January 1785 captain lieutenant of the twelfth regiment of foot, and married Amelia, baroness Coniers;
- George Anson, born 30 November 1758, and appointed a captain in the royal navy 3 April 1779 ;
- Frances, married to Charles Leigh esquire, a colonel in the army;
- Juliana Elizabeth, married to William son of William lord Byron;
- Sophia Maria, married -- September 1783 to sir Robert Wilmot of Osmanston in the county of Derby baronet;
- and Charlotte Augusta.
Admiral Byron died -- April 1786.
- Richard, born 28 October 1724, who embraced the clerical profession, and married 14 January 1768 daughter of ----- Farmer esquire.
- George, born 22 April 1730, and married to Frances, daughter of Elton Levet of the borough of Nottingham esquire; by which lady he has issue
- Isabella, born 20 October 1754;
- John, born 14 September 1758 ;
- and Frederic
- George, born 21 November 1764.
WILLIAM CRAVEN, baron Craven of Hampsted Marshal; lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Berks, and colonel of the militia of that county, high steward of the borough of Newberry in the county of Berks, and doctor of laws.
This nobleman was born 22 September 1737, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his uncle 18 March 1769. He was constituted -- March 1786 lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Berks.
Lord Craven married 10 May 1767 Elizabeth, daughter of Augustus fourth earl of Berkeley; by which lady he has issue,
- Elizabeth, born 20 April 1768.
- Maria Margaretta, born 26 April 1769.
- William born 1 September 1770.
- Henry Augustus, born 21 December 1776.
- A son, born 1 June 1779. Lady Craven is the author of several fugitive pieces in prose and verse, and particularly of a volume of letters written during a journey from Constantinople to Petersburg.
The family of Craven is descended from John Craven of Appletreewick in the county of York in the reign of king Henry the eighth. He had issue,
- William, father of sir William, who was elected lord mayor of London in the year 1611, and had issue
- and John, created by king Charles the first 21 March 1642 baron Craven of Ryton in the county of Salop, which title became extinct at his death.
William, son of sir William, was created by king Charles the first 12 March 1627 baron Craven of Hampsted Marshal, and by king Charles the second 16 March 1664 viscount Craven of Uffington in the county of Berks, and earl Craven of Craven in the county of York. He afterwards obtained a limitation of the barony to William, Thomas and Anthony, grandsons of Henry son of John, his paternal ancestor. Lord Craven distinguished himself in the wars of Germany, and suffered for his loyalty under the sequestrations of the parliamentary party. Upon his death 9 April 1697, the titles of viscount Craven and earl Craven became extinct, and the barony descended to William, grandson of Thomas grandson of Henry.
William, father of William second lord Craven, had issue, beside that nobleman, John, whose sons were,
- William, fifth lord Craven, who, married Jane, daughter of Rowland Berkeley of Catheridge in the county of Worcester esquire.
- John, who married Mary, daughter of the reverend ----- Hickes; by which lady he had issue
- William, present and sixth lord Craven;
- Jane, born 23 April 1743, and married first to the reverend ----- Lidiard, and secondly -- May 1788 to John Minshul of the county palatine of Durham esquire;
- and Anna Rebecca, born 17 August 1745, married first to Ludford Taylor esquire, and secondly 21 January 1773 to Robert Augustus Johnston esquire.
- Thomas, a rear admiral of the blue squadron of his majesty's navy, who died 14 December 1772.
Benham Place in the county of Berks; and
Coombe Abbey in the county of Warwick
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