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The English Peerage - Barons

(File 4 of 12)

CLIFFORD, LORD CLIFFORD OF CHUDLEIGH


HUGH EDWARD HENRY CLIFFORD, baron Clifford of Chudleigh.

This nobleman was born 2 July 1756, an succeeded to the title up on the death of his father 1 September 1783. He professes the Roman Catholic religion.

Lord Clifford married 3 May 1780 Apollonia, daughter of Marmaduke Langdale lord Langdale.

The barons Clifford of Chudleigh are descended from Lewis, son of Roger, fifth lord Clifford of Appleby, who espoused the party of John Wickliffe, the celebrated reformer, but was induced to recant his religious tenets in the reign of king Henry the fourth.

Thomas, ninth in descent from Lewis, made a considerable figure in the court of king Charles the second, being one of the members of the celebrated cabal. By that monarch he was created baron Clifford of Chudleigh, and constituted 28 November 1672 lord high treasurer of England, which office he resigned in the following year in consequence of the passing the test act for the exclusion of Roman Catholics. He died -- September 1673.

Hugh, fourth lord Clifford, his grandson, married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Blount of Blagden in the county of Devon esquire; by which lady he had issue,

  1. Hugh, fifth lord Clifford.
  2. Edward, born 31 December 1727.
  3. Mary, born 27 April 1731, and married to sir Edward Smythe of Acton Burnel in the county of Salop baronet.
  4. Thomas, born 22 August 1732, who married 2 December 1762 Barbara, daughter of James fifth lord Aston of the kingdom of Scotland; by which lady, who died 1 August 1786, he has issue
    1. Thomas Hugh, born 4 December 1762;
    2. Barbara Elizabeth, born 11 November 1763;
    3. Mary, born 31 March 1765;
    4. Henry, born 2 March 1768 ;
    5. Anne, born 28 April 1770;
    6. Lucy Bridget, born 19 July 1771;
    7. Walter, born 13 March 1773;
    8. James Francis, born 16 August 1774; and
    9. Constantia, born 24 February 1726.

Lord Clifford died 25 March 1732.

Hugh, fifth lord Clifford, married 17 December 1749 Anne, sister of George Henry Lee earl of Litchfield; by which lady he had issue,

  1. Frances, born 7 October 1752.
  2. Anne Elizabeth Maria, born 17 May 1754.
  3. Hugh Edward Henry, present and sixth lord Clifford.
  4. Charles, born 28 November 1759, who married 29 November 1786 Eleanor Mary, daughter of Henry lord Arundel.
  5. Robert, born 16 October 1767.
  6. Charlotte, born 1 February 1773.
  7. Thomas, born 5 December 1774.

 

CREATION.

Baron Clifford of Chudleigh in the county of Devon 22 April 1672.

 

CHIEF SEATS.

Ugbrook in the county of Devon; and

Cannington in the county of Somerset.

 


 

OSBORNE, BARON OSBORNE.

 

 


FRANCIS GODOLPHIN OSBORNE, baron Osborne of Kiveton; one of his majesty's most honourable privy council, one of his majesty's principal secretaries of state, lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the East Riding of the county of York, governor of the Scilly Islands, captain of Deal Castle in the county of Kent, high steward of the borough of Hull in the county of York, and a vice president of the Foundling Hospital.

This nobleman was born 29 January 1751, and had summons to parliament by the title of baron Osborne of Kiveton in the county of York, with precedency, according to the original date of that creation 14 March 1776, at which time he was constituted one of the lords of his majesty's bedchamber, and exchanged that office December in the following year for that of chamberlain of her majesty's houshold. He was declared 11 February 1778 lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the East Riding of the county of York; from which office he was dismissed in February 1780, and restored 27 March 1782. He resigned the office of chamberlain of her majesty's houshold in January 1781, and was appointed one of his majesty's principal secretaries of state 23 December 1783, and governor of the islands of Scilly in the year 1785. He is commonly called marquis of Carmarthen in right of his paternal descent as son of Thomas duke of Leeds.

The marquis of Carmarthen married first Amelia baroness Coniers; and secondly 11 October 1788 Catherine, daughter of Thomas Anguish esquire.

 

CHIEF SEATS.

Hornby Castle, Aston, Hardwick, and Patrick Brampton in the county of York;

Sion Hill in the county of Middlesex; and

Walmer Castle in the county of Kent.

 


BOYLE, LORD BOYLE.

 


EDMUND BOYLE, earl of Cork and Orrery, viscount Dungarvan, baron Boyle of Youghal and baron Boyle of Broghil of the kingdom of Ireland; baron Boyle of Marston of the kingdom of Great Britain; colonel of the militia of the county of Somerset.

This nobleman was born 2 December 1742, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his brother 17 January 1764.

The earl of Cork married first 31 August 1764 Anne, daughter of Kelland Courtenay of Pemsford in the county of Devon esquire; by which lady, who died -- ----- 1786, he has issue,

  1. John Richard, lord viscount Dungarvan, born 27 March 1765.
  2. Louisa Isabella, born 10 August 1766.
  3. Charles Henry, born 1 November 1773.

The earl of Cork married secondly 2 June 1786 Mary, daughter of John first lord viscount Galway of the kingdom of Ireland.

The family of Boyle has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the third. Roger Boyle had issue,

  1. Roger, father of John, who was elected in the reign of king James the first 1618 lord bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross in the kingdom of Ireland, and died 10 July 1620; and
  2. Richard.
  3. Michael, who had issue
    1. Michael, elected in the year 1619 lord bishop of Waterford, and died 27 December 1635; and
    2. Richard, who was elected in the year 1620 lord bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross, and translated 1638 to the archiepiscopal see of Tuam. His grace died 19 March 1644, having issue
      1. Michael, elected 1660 lord bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross, translated 1663 to the archiepiscopal fee of Dublin, and 1678 to the metropolitan see of Armagh; and constituted 11 July 1665 lord high chancellor of the kingdom of Ireland; which office he resigned in the year 1685, and died 10 December 1702. Morough, his son, was created by king Charles the second in the year 1673 lord viscount Blessington of the kingdom of Ireland, which title is extinct.

Richard, younger son of Roger son of Roger, was created by king James the first 29 September 1616 baron Boyle of Youghal in the county of Cork, and 16 October 1620 viscount Dungarvan in the county of Waterford, and earl of Cork of the kingdom of Ireland; and farther promoted by king Charles the first 9 November 1631 to be lord high treasurer of the kingdom of Ireland. He had originally settled in that kingdom in the year 1588, and was indebted for his subsequent advancement principally to the plantations he made and his attention to agriculture. He had issue,

  1. Richard, second earl of Cork.
  2. Lewis, who was created by king Charles the first in the year 1628 baron of Bandonbridge, and viscount Boyle of Kinalmeaky of the kingdom of Ireland. He was killed at the battle of Liscarrol in the Irish rebellion 3 September 1642, and his titles became extinct.
  3. Roger.
  4. Francis, who was created by king Charles the second in the year 1660 lord viscount Shannon of the kingdom of Ireland. Richard, second lord viscount Shannon, his grandson, distinguished himself in the wars of king William the third and queen Anne, and was constituted by king George the second in the year 1720 commander in chief of the forces in the kingdom of Ireland. Upon his death 20 December 1740 the title became extinct.
  5. Robert, who is one of the most celebrated philosophers that this country has produced, and was the founder of the series of lectures commonly called Boyle's Lectures, which exhibit the strongest and most vigorous arguments in favour of natural and revealed religion that have hitherto appeared. He died 30 December 1691;

and the earl of Cork, his father, 15 September 1643.

Richard, second earl of Cork, had a principal command at the battle of Liscarrol 3 September 1642. He married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Henry sixth earl of Cumberland, and was created by king Charles the first 4 November 1644 baron Clifford of Lanesborough in the county of York, and by king Charles the second 20 March 1664 earl of Burlington in that county. He was constituted 16 November 1660 lord high treasurer of the kingdom of Ireland, and was attainted by the Irish parliament assembled by king James the second in the year 1689. He had issue,

  1. Charles lord Clifford, father of Charles second earl of Burlington, and of Henry, who was constituted by queen Anne 8 May 1702 chancellor and under treasurer of the exchequer, which office he exchanged in the year 1707 for that of one of her majesty's principal secretaries of state, and resigned upon the dismission of the whig ministry in 1710. By king George the first he was created 26 October 1714 baron Carleton of Carleton in the county of York, and constituted 25 June 1721 lord president of the council. Upon his death 14 March 1725 this title became extinct.
  2. Richard, who was killed in the battle of Solebay 3 June 1665.

Richard, third earl of Burlington, son of Charles second earl of Burlington, was constituted 21 June 1731 captain of the band of gentlemen pensioners, which office he resigned in the year 1733. He was the intimate friend of Mr. Pope and the celebrated wits of his age, and obtained considerable fame for his munificent cultivation of the art of architecture. Upon his death 3 December 1753 his English honours became extinct, and his Irish titles descended to John fifth earl of Orrery.

Roger, third son of Richard first earl of Cork, was one of the most considerable and accomplished characters of the age in which he lived. He was created by king Charles the first in the eighth year of his age baron Broghil of Broghil, and greatly contributed to the victory of Liscarrol 3 September 1642. After the death of king Charles the first he formed the project of a descent into Ireland in favour of his successor; but, being discovered by Cromwel, was compelled to engage in the opposite party. He went over with that general, who was appointed lord lieutenant of Ireland in the year 1649, and greatly contributed to the success of his expedition, displaying great gallantry, and exposing himself to many personal dangers. When the crown of these realms was offered to Cromwel, lord Broghil, who sat in the English parliament as one of the representatives of the kingdom of Ireland, made two speeches in favour of a regal government. After the death of the usurper he again entered into. projects for the restoration of king Charles, and had prepared matters for the reception of that monarch in Ireland at the same time that a similar service was performed in England by general Monk. Soon after the restoration he was created earl of Orrery of the kingdom of Ireland, and constituted president of the province of Munster, which office he resigned in the year 1672. Lord Orrery wrote four tragedies, particularly one with the title of Mustapha, which has been considerably applauded. He had issue,

  1. Roger, second earl of Orrery.
  2. Henry, father of Henry, first earl of Shannon of the kingdom of Ireland.

The earl of Orrery died 16 October 1679.

Charles, fourth earl of Orrery, son of Roger second earl of Orrery, is considered as one of the literary ornaments of the reign of queen Anne. He was the author of a comedy entitled "As you find it," and published an edition of the Greek Epistles .of Phalaris, which was criticised by doctor Richard Bentley, and involved him in a spirited controversy with that literary chief. He was also the inventor of the astronomical instrument. called the Orrery, and served with considerable distinction in the wars of the duke of Marlborough. By queen Anne he was created baron Boyle of Marston in the county of Somerset, and was committed to the Tower upon suspicion of high treason 28 September 1722. He died 28 August 1737.

John, fifth earl of Orrery, his son, was the author of a translation of the Epistles of Pliny, and published a collection of Letters written during his travels in Italy. He also produced Remarks on the Life and Writings of Doctor Jonathan Swift, the tenour of which is more disadvantageous to that celebrated genius than is consistent with the friendship professed for him by this nobleman. Upon the death of Richard, third earl of Burlington, lord Orrery succeeded to the Irish honours of the elder branch of his family. He married first Henrietta, daughter of George Hamilton first earl of Orkney of the kingdom of Scotland; by which lady he had issue,

  1. Charles, lord viscount Dungarvan, who married 11 May 1753 Susannah, daughter of Henry Hoare of Stourhead in the county of Wilts esquire; by which lady, who married secondly Thomas Bruce earl of Aylesbury, and died 4 February 1783, he had issue
    1. Henrietta, married 18 October 1777 to the right honourable John O'Neil of Skaines in the kingdom of Ireland. Lord Dungarvan died 16 September 1759.
  2. Hamilton, sixth earl of Cork.
  3. Elizabeth, born 7 May 1731, and married to Thomas son of sir James Worsley of Appuldurcombe in the Isle of Wight baronet.

Lord Orrery married secondly Margaret, daughter and heiress of John Hamilton of Caledon in the kingdom of Ireland esquire; by which lady, who died 24 November 1762, he had issue,

  1. Edmund, present and seventh earl of Cork.
  2. Lucy, born 27 May 1744, and married to George lord viscount Torrington.

The earl of Cork died 22 November 1762.

 

CREATION.

Baron Boyle of Marston in the county of Somerset 10 September 1711.

 

CHIEF SEATS.

Marston in the county of Somerset; and

Caledon in the county of Tyrone in the kingdom of Ireland.

 


HAY, LORD HAY.

 


ROBERT AURIOL DRUMMOND HAY, earl of Kinnoul, viscount Dupplin of Dupplin, and baron Hay of Kinfauns of the kingdom of Scotland; baron Hay of Pedwardin in the county of Hereford.

This nobleman was born 18 March 1751, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his uncle 27 December 1787.

The earl of Kinnoul married first 19 April 1779 daughter of Anthony Eyre of the Grove in the county of Nottingham esquire; which lady dying -- ----- ----, he married secondly 3 July 1781 Sarah, daughter of Thomas son of Edward third earl of Oxford; by which lady he has issue,

  1. A daughter, born 1782.
  2. ---- -----, lord viscount Dupplin, born 1784.

The family of Hay is said to be descended from Thomas Hay, a husbandman of the kingdom of Scotland, who, upon an invasion of the Danes in the year 980, rallied the fugitives from the battle of Loncartie, and drove the invaders to their ships; for which action he was rewarded by king Kenneth the third with a considerable estate in the county of Perth. Different branches of this family were early settled in Normandy and in Italy, and they are all affirmed in the family records to have derived their origin from the province of Armenia on the river Euphrates. The immediate progenitor of the earl of Kinnoul is William, who lived in the reign of king Malcolm the fourth. David, grandson of William, had issue,

  1. Gilbert.
  2. William.

Gilbert, grandson of Gilbert, adhered to the party of Robert Bruce in the contest for the crown of Scotland, and was constituted by that prince in the year 1308 lord high constable of the kingdom, which office he resigned a few years after, and had it restored with a charter to him and his heirs for ever 12 November 1315. He was killed in the battle of Halidown Hill 19 July 1333. Thomas, his grandson, married Elizabeth, daughter of king Robert the second, and had issue William, who was created by king James the first in the year 1427 baron Hay of Errol. William, third lord Hay, his grandson, was created by king James the second in the year 1452 earl of Errol. William, fifth earl of Errol, fourth in descent from William, was killed at the battle of Flodden Field 9 September 1513. John, thirteenth earl of Errol, sixth in descent from William fifth earl, had issue,

  1. Charles, fourteenth earl of Errol, who was imprisoned upon suspicion of high treason -- April 1708, and died 1717.
  2. Mary, who succeeded to the title upon the death of her brother, and died 19 September 1758.
  3. Margaret, mother of Anne, married to William Boyde earl of Kilmarnock, who was attainted of high treason and beheaded 15 August 1746. The countess of Kilmarnock succeeded to the title upon the death of her aunt, and died in the year 1761.

James, earl of Errol, her son, assumed the name of Hay, and married first Rebecca, daughter of Alexander Lockhart esquire; by which lady he had issue

  1. Mary, born 8 August 1751.

He married secondly 3 August 1762 Isabella, daughter of William Carr of Etal in the county of Northumberland esquire; by which lady he had issue,

  1. Charlotte, born 13 July 1763.
  2. Isabella Anne, born 8 February 1765.
  3. Augusta, born 25 April 1766.
  4. George, present earl of Errol, born 13 May 1767.
  5. Henrietta Jane, born 26 June 1768.
  6. Margaret, born 12 December 1769.
  7. Maria Elizabeth, born 30 April 1771.
  8. William born 12 March 1772.
  9. Frances, born 26 July 1773.
  10. Fleminia, born 24 September 1774.
  11. Jeminia, born 18 July 1776.
  12. James, born 27 April 1778.

The earl of Errol died 3 June 1778.

William, younger son of David grandson of William who lived in the reign of king Malcolm the fourth, was ancestor in the third degree to,

  1. Patrick, who had issue George and Peter.
  2. James, who was created by king James the sixth in the year 1609 baron Hay of Bewlie in the kingdom of Scotland; and by that prince, after his accession to the crown of England, 1617, baron Hay of Sawley and viscount Doncaster in the county of York, and 1622 earl of Carlisle in the county of Cumberland; which titles became extinct in the year 1660.

George, son of Patrick, was instrumental in the rescue of king James the sixth from the conspiracy of the earl of Gowrie 5 August 1600, and was constituted by that monarch 1616 lord clerk register of the kingdom of Scotland, which office he exchanged in the year 1622 for that of lord high chancellor. He was created by king Charles the first 4 May 1627 baron Hay of Kinfauns and viscount Dupplin of Dupplin in the county of Perth, and 25 May 1633 earl of Kinnoul in that county. He died 16 December 1634.

George, second earl of Kinnoul, his son, was constituted in the year 1632 captain of the yeomen of the guard to king Charles the first, and adhered to that monarch in the civil wars. He resigned the office of captain of the yeomen of the guard in the year 1635, and died 5 October 1644. Upon the death of William fifth earl of Kinnoul, his grandson, 10 May 1709, the title descended to Thomas, third in descent from Peter brother of George first earl of Kinnoul.

Thomas, sixth earl of Kinnoul, had issue,

  1. George Henry, seventh earl of Kinnoul.
  2. John, who engaged in the rebellion of 1715, and obtained from the Pretender the dignity of earl of Inverness. He died without issue in the year 1740.

George, seventh earl of Kinnoul, was constituted by queen Anne 8 December 1711 one of the tellers of the exchequer, and soon after created baron Hay of Pedwardin. By king George the second he was appointed ambassador extraordinary to the court of Constantinople, and married Abigail, daughter of Robert first earl of Oxford lord high treasurer of Great Britain; by which lady, who died 16 July 1750 he had issue,

  1. Thomas, eighth earl of Kinnoul, who was constituted 24 January 1758 chancellor of the duchy and county palatine of Lancaster; which office he resigned in December 1762.
  2. Robert.
  3. Edward, who married 8 October 1752 Mary, daughter of Peter Flower of the city of London esquire; by which lady he has issue Henrietta, born 20 August 1753; Mary, born 25 July 1754; Margaret, born 20 October 1755; Edward, born 19 May 1757; Thomas, born 14 April 1759; and William Robert, born 3 December 1761.
  4. Elizabeth, born 1711.
  5. Abigail, born 1716. Harriet, born 1717, and married 30 July 1754 to Robert Roper of Trimden in the county palatine of Durham esquire.
  6. Mary, married to the reverend doctor John Hume lord bishop of Salisbury.

The earl of Kinnoul died 29 July 1758.

Robert, second son of George Henry seventh earl of Kinnoul, assumed the name of Drummond as heir of entail to William Drummond first lord viscount Strathallan of the kingdom of Scotland. He was elected 1748 lord bishop of Saint Asaph, and translated 30 May 1761 to the fee of Salisbury, and 19 September in that year to the archiepiscopal fee of York. He married Henrietta, daughter of Peter Auriol of the city of London esquire; by which lady, who died 22 April 1773, he had issue,

  1. Robert, present and ninth earl of Kinnoul.
  2. Peter, born 21 January 1754, who married 5 December 1775 ----- -----, daughter of Pembroke Milns of Wakefield in the county of York esquire.
  3. Edward, born 10 April 1758, who married -- December 1782 ---- -----, daughter of ----- De Visme esquire.
  4. George William, born 13 March 1761, who married 12 April 1783 ---- ----, daughter of Samuel Marshal esquire, a captain in the royal navy.

The children of the archbishop of York, who died 10 December 1777, bear the surname of Auriol Drummond.

 

CREATION.

Baron Hay of Pedwardin in the county of Hereford 31 December 1711.

 

CHIEF SEATS.

Dupplin Castle and Balhousie in the county of Perth; and

Broadsworth in the county of York.

 


WILLOUGHBY, LORD MIDDLETON

 


HENRY WILLOUGHBY, baron Middleton of Middleton, and a baronet.

This nobleman was born 19 December 1726, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his cousin 19 January 1781.

Lord Middleton married 25 December 1756 Dorothy, daughter of George Cartwright of Ossington in the county of Nottingham esquire; by which lady he has issue,

  1. Dorothy, born 13 July 1758, and married 24 November 1784 to Richard Langley esquire.
  2. Henry, born 24 April 1761, and constituted -- March 1783 colonel of the militia of the county of Nottingham.
  3. Henrietta, born 30 June 1766, and married to Richard Lumley Savile son of Richard fourth earl of Scarborough.
  4. Cassandra, born 1 April 1770.

Christopher, fifth in descent from William fifth lord Willoughby de Eresby, had issue,

  1. Christopher, whose son William was created by king Edward the sixth 16 February 1547 baron Willoughby of Parham in the county of Suffolk, which title became extinct 28 October 1779.
  2. Thomas, who was appointed by king Henry the eighth 29 October 1537 lord chief justice of the court of common pleas, and died 29 September 1545.

Francis, fourth in descent from lord chief justice Willoughby, acquired considerable reputation in the science of natural history, and died 3 July 1672. His works, which were published after his decease, are chiefly, Ornithlogiae Libri Tres, and Histori Pascium Libri Quatuor. He had issue Francis, created a baronet by king Charles the second 7 April 1677, with remainder to his brother; and Thomas.

Sir Thomas, second baronet, was created by queen Anne baron Middleton of Middleton, and had issue,

  1. Francis, second lord Middleton, father of
    1. Francis third lord Middleton, who died 15 December 1774; and of
    2. Thomas, fourth lord Middleton, who married 14 April 1770 ------ daughter of ----- Chadwick esquire.

    Lord Middleton, the father, died 1 August 1758.

  2. Thomas.

Thomas, second son of Thomas first lord Middleton, married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Thomas Sotheby of Berdsal in the county of York esquire; by which lady, who died 25 April 1752, he had issue,

  1. Henry, present and fifth lord Middleton.
  2. Francis, baptized 8 March 1727, who married 25 March 1762 Octavia, daughter of Francis Fisher of the Grange in the county of Lincoln; by which lady he has issue
    1. Jane, baptized 7 September 1767;
    2. Digby, baptized 29 November 1769 ; and
    3. Frances, baptized 31 March 1771.
  3. James, who embraced the clerical profession, and married 4 November 1772 Elizabeth, daughter of Hobson of Kirkby Moreside in the county of York esquire ; by which lady he has issue,
    1. Elizabeth, born 24 February 1774; and
    2. Henry, born 15 December 1780.
  4. Elizabeth, married to the reverend Edmund Gorforth of Askham in the county of York.
  5. Emma, married to the reverend Nathaniel Hodgson of Appleton le Street in the county of York. She died 11 November 1781
  6. Antonia, married to Henry Hewgil of Smeaton in the county of York.

Thomas, the father, died 6 December 1742.

 

CREATION.

Baron Middleton of Middleton in the county of Warwick 31 December 1711.

 

CHIEF SEATS.

Wollaton in the county of Nottingham;

Middleton in the county of Warwick;

and Birdsal in the county of York.

 


ONSLOW, LORD ONSLOW.

 


GEORGE ONSLOW, baron Onslow of Onslow and Clandon, baron Cranley of Imbercourt, and a baronet; one of his majesty's most honour-able privy council, one of the lords of his majesty's bedchamber, lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Surrey, high steward of the borough of Guildford and of Kingston upon Thames, and doctor of laws.

This nobleman was born -- ---- ---- , and elected 1754 to represent the borough of Rye in the county of Sussex, and 1761 and 1768 to represent the county of Surrey. He was constituted 13 March 1754 out-ranger of Windsor Forest, which office he resigned in May 1763. He was farther constituted 13 July 1765 one of the lords commissioners of the treasury under the administration of the marquis of Rockingham, which office he resigned in December 1777. He was created by king George the third baron Cranley of Imbercourt, and succeeded to the title of baron Onslow upon the death of his cousin 9 October 1776; and was constituted 26 of that month lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county of Surrey. Lord Onslow was appointed -- December 1779 treasurer of his majesty's houshold, which office he exchanged 9 September 1780 for that of one of the lords of his majesty's bedchamber.

Lord Onslow married 15 June 1753 Henrietta, daughter of sir John Shelley of Mitchel Grove in the county of Sussex baronet; by which lady he has issue,

  1. 1. Thomas, born 15 March 1754, and elected 1775 and 1780 to represent the borough of Rye in the county of Sussex, and 1784 to represent the borough of Guildford in the county of Surrey. He married first 20 December 1776 Isabella, daughter of Eton Mainwaring Ellerker, of Risby in the county of York esquire; by which lady, who died 11 April 1782, he has issue
    1. Arthur George, born 25 October 1777;
    2. Thomas Cranley, born -- September 1778;
    3. Mainwaring; and
    4. Henrietta.

    He married secondly -- February 1783 Jane, daughter of Hale of the county of Hertford esquire, and relict of Thomas Duncombe of Duncombe in the county of York esquire.

  2. Edward, born 9 April 1758.
  3. Henrietta.

The family of Onslow has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the third. Richard Onslow, in the reign of queen Elizabeth, was constituted 27 June 1565 solicitor general, and soon after elected speaker of the honourable house of commons. He died in the year 1571.

Richard his grandson, adhered to the party of the parliament in the civil wars of king Charles the first, but appears to have been the friend of moderate measures. He was one of the committee of the house of commons appointed to attend upon Cromwel to remove his doubts in taking the office of king, and made a speech upon that occasion 9 April 1657. He was instrumental in the subsequent restoration of king Charles the second, and died 19 May 1664.

Arthur, his son, married Mary daughter of sir Thomas Foot, who had been created a baronet by king Charles the second 21 November 1660, with remainder to his son in law. Sir Arthur Onslow, who thus succeeded to the dignity of a baronet, had issue,

  1. Sir Richard, second baronet, who was elected 16 November 1708 speaker of the honourable house of commons, and ceased to hold that office upon the change of ministry in the year 1710. Upon the accession of king George the first he was constituted chancellor and under treasurer of the exchequer, which office he exchanged in October 1715 for that of one of the tellers of the exchequer, and was soon after created baron Onslow of Onslow and Clandon, with remainder to the heirs male of his father. He died 5 December 1717.
  2. Foot.

Foot, younger son of sir Arthur, had issue,

  1. Arthur, who was constituted by king George the second -- April 1734 treasurer of the navy, and elected 14 January 1735 speaker of the honourable house of commons. He resigned the office of treasurer of the navy in May 1743, and the chair of the house of commons, which he had filled with peculiar celebrity, 20 March 1761; at which time a pension of three thousand pounds per annum was granted upon the joint lives of himself and his son. He married Anne, daughter and heiress of John Bridges of Thames Ditton in the county of Surrey esquire; by which lady, who died 5 June 1766, he had issue
    1. George, present and fourth lord Onslow, and died 17 February 1768.
  2. Richard.

Richard, younger son of Foot, embraced the profession of the army, and married Pooley, daughter of Charles Walton of Little Bursted in the county of Essex esquire; by which lady he had issue,

  1. George, who was elected 1768, 1774 and 1780 to represent the borough of Guildford in the county of Surrey, and constituted -- ----- ---- out-ranger of Windsor Forest. He married Jane, daughter of the reverend Thomas Thorpe; by which lady he has issue
    1. Richard, born 13 January 1754; and
    2. Pooley, born 3 March 1758
  2. Richard, who was constituted a captain in the royal navy 14 April 1762, and married 1 June 1773 ------ ----- daughter of ----- Mitchel esquire.
  3. Arthur.
  4. Elizabeth, married to George, son of James second earl of Abercorn of the kingdom of Scotland.

 

CREATIONS.

Baron Onslow of Onslow in the county of Salop, and of West Clandon in the county of Surrey 25 June 1716.

 

Baron Cranley of Imbercourt in the county of Surrey 14 May 1776.

 

CHIEF SEATS.

West Clandon and Richmond in the county of Surrey.

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