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The English Peerage - Barons

(File 6 of 12)

WALPOLE, LORD WALPOLE.

 


HORATIO WALPOLE, baron Walpole of Woolterton.

This nobleman was born 12 June 1723, and elected 1747 and 1754 to represent the borough of Lynn Regis in the county of Norfolk. He succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 5 February 1757.

Lord Walpole married 12 May 1748 Rachel, daughter of William third duke of Devonshire; by which lady he has issue,

  1. Catherine, born 4 June 1750.
  2. Horatio, born 24 June 1752, and elected 1780 to represent the borough of Wigan in the county palatine of Lancaster, and 1784 to represent Lynn in the county of Norfolk. He married 27 July 1781 Sophia, daughter of Charles Churchil of Chalfont in the county of Buckingham esquire; by which he has issue
    1. Horatio, born 14 June 1783.
  3. Mary, born 22 October 1754, and married 4 August 1777 to Thomas Hussey esquire.
  4. George, born 20 June 1758, and constituted 25 June 1785 major of the thirteenth regiment of dragoons.

Horatio, younger brother of Robert first earl of Orford, was appointed to several important embassies, and particularly 5 May 1724 to the office of ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the court of France. By king George the second he was created baron Walpole of Woolterton; and, exclusively of his parliamentary efforts in favour of the party of his brother, he published an answer to the conclusion of Lord Bolingbroke's Letters on the Study and Use of History. He married Mary Magdalen, daughter of Peter Lombard esquire; by which lady, who died 9 March 1783, he had issue,

  1. Horatio, present and second lord Walpole.
  2. Thomas, a merchant of the city of London, who was elected in 1754 to represent the borough of Sudbury in the county of Suffolk, 1761 to represent the borough of Ashburton in the county of Devon, and 1768, 1774 and 1780 to represent the borough of Lynn Regis in the county of Norfolk. He married Elizabeth, daughter of sir Joshua Vanneck of Putney in the county of Surrey baronet; by which lady, who died 9 June 1760, he had issue
    1. Thomas, born 23 May 1755, who was constituted -- December 1783 minister plenipotentiary to the elector Palatine and the diet of Ratisbon, and promoted 22 March 1788 to be envoy extraordinary to the elector Palatine;
    2. Catherine Mary, born 8 July 1756;
    3. Lambert Theodore, born 28 December 1757, who married 11 April 1788 Margaret, daughter of Robert Clive first lord Clive of the kingdom of Ireland;
    4. and Elizabeth, born 8 March 1759.
  3. Richard, a banker of the city of London, who was elected 1774 and 1780 to represent the borough of Great Yarmouth in the county of Norfolk. He married 22 November 1757 Margaret, daughter of sir Joshua Vanneck of Putney in the county of Surrey; by which lady he issue
    1. Mary Rachel, born 16 July 1760;
    2. Richard, born 15 June 1762; and
    3. Caroline, born 23 July 1765, and married to George Henry, son of George first earl of Abergavenny.
  4. Robert, who was constituted one of the clerks extraordinary to his majesty's most honourable privy council, and in the year 1771 envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the court of Lisbon. He is one of the clerks in ordinary of his majesty's most honourable privy council. He married first 8 May 1780 Diana, daughter of Walter Groset of the city of Lisbon esquire; by which lady, who died 24 July 1784, he has issue two sons: he married secondly 10 May 1785 Sophia, daughter of Richard Sturt esquire.
  5. Mary, married 19 June 1764 to Maurice Suckling of the city of Westminster esquire.
  6. Henrietta Louisa.
  7. Anne.

 

C R E A T I O N.

Baron Walpole of Woolterton in the county of Norfolk 1 June 1756.

 

C H I E F S E A T.

Woolterton in the county of Norfolk.

 


LEGGE, LORD STAWEL.

 


HENRY STAWEL LEGGE, baron Stawel of Somerton; surveyor of his majesty's customs.

This nobleman was born 22 February 1757, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his mother 6 August 1780.

Lord Stawel married 1 July 1779 Mary, daughter of Asheton brother of Nathaniel lord Scarsdale; by which lady he has issue,

  1. Mary, born 18 August 1780.
  2. A son, born 10 January 1785.

Lord Stawel is maternally descended from Adam de Stawel, who lived in the reign of king William the conqueror. John, his descendant, fought on the party of king Henry the seventh at the battle of Bosworth 22 August 1485, and was killed at the siege of Terouenne in the year 1513. John, fourth in descent from John, suffered greatly for his loyalty to king Charles the first. He was taken prisoner at the siege of Exeter 9 April 1646, and sent to Newgate by order of the house of commons, in violation of the terms of surrender. He was afterwards several times indicted of high treason, and three times arraigned for his life. He had issue,

  1. Ralph, who was created by king Charles the second 15 January 1683 baron Stawel of Somerton.
  2. George, who distinguished himself in the service of king Charles the first. Upon the death of Edward fourth lord Stawel, son of Ralph first lord Stawel, 13 April 1755, the barony became extinct, but was revived by king George the second in favour of Mary his daughter, married first to Henry Bilson Legge, son of William first earl of Dartmouth; by whom file had issue Henry Stawel, present lord Stawel. She married secondly Wills Hill earl of Hillsborough.

 

C R E A T I O N.

Baron Stawel of Somerton in the county of Somerset 20 May 1760.

 

C H I E F S E A T

Holte Forest in the county of Surrey.

 


MONSON WATSON, LORD SONDES.

 


LEWIS MONSON WATSON, baron Sondes of Leescourt; a vice president of the Lock Hospital Hyde Park Corner.

This nobleman was born 28 November 1728, and assumed the name of Watson in compliance with the will of Thomas Watson earl of Rockingham, his maternal uncle. He was elected 1758 to represent the borough of Boroughbridge in the county of York, and 1754 to represent the county of Kent. He was constituted 16 February 1754 one of the auditors of the imprest in his majesty's exchequer, which office was suppressed by an act of parliament in the year 1785. He was created by king George the second baron Sondes of Leescourt.

Lord Sondes married 12 October 1752 Grace, daughter of Henry Pelham first lord commissioner of the treasury; by which lady, who died 30 July 1777, he has issue,

  1. Lewis Thomas, born, 18 April 1754, and elected 1775 to represent the borough of Heydon in the county of York. He married 15 November 1785 ----- -----, daughter of Richard Mills of North Elmham in the county of Norfolk esquire; by which lady he has issue
    1. a daughter, born 22 December 1786.
  2. George Henry, born 18 October 1755.
  3. George, born 20 February 1768.

The family of Watson has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the sixth. Lewis Watson, in the reign of king James the first, was by that monarch created a baronet 23 June 1621, and by king Charles the first 29 January 1645, in consideration of his loyalty in the period of the civil wars baron Rockingham of Rockingham in the county of Northampton. Edward, second lord Rockingham, his son, married Anne, daughter of Thomas Wentworth earl of Strafford, prime minister of king, Charles the first; by which lady he had issue,

  1. Lewis third lord Rockingham.
  2. Thomas, who assumed the name of Wentworth in compliance with the will of William earl of Strafford, his maternal uncle.

Lewis, third lord Rockingham, married Catherine, daughter and heiress of George Sondes baron of Throwley, viscount Sondes of Leescourt and earl of Feversham; and was created by king George the first 19 October 1714 baron of Throwley, viscount Sondes of Leescourt and earl of Rockingham. He had issue,

  1. Lewis, second earl of Rockingham.
  2. Thomas, third earl of Rockingham; upon whose death 26 February 1746 the honours which had been bestowed upon his father became extinct, and the title of baron Rockingham of Rockingham descended to Thomas son of Thomas Wentworth, son of Edward second lord Rockingham.
  3. Margaret, married to John first lord Monson; by whom she had issue
    1. John second lord Monson, and
    2. Lewis lord Sondes.

Thomas, fifth lord Rockingham, was created by king George the second 28 May 1728 baron of Malton in the county of York, and 19 November 1734 baron of Waith in the county of York and of Harrowden in the county of Northampton, viscount Higham of Higham Ferrers in that county, and earl of Malton, and 19 April 1746 marquis of Rockingham. He married Mary, daughter of Daniel sixth earl of Winchelsea, by which lady, who died 30 May 1761, he had issue,

  1. Charles, second marquis of Rockingham.
  2. Mary, married 31 May 1764 to John Milbank esquire.
  3. Charlotte, born 11 February 1732.
  4. Henrietta Alicia, born 7 December 1737, and married to William Sturgeon esquire.

Lord Rockingham, the father, died 14 December 1750.

Charles, second marquis of Rockingham, was created by king George the second 17 September 1750 baron of Malton in the county of Wicklow and earl of Malton of the kingdom of Ireland. He was constituted 10 July 1765 first lord commissioner of the treasury; and his administration was distinguished by the repeal of the American stamp act, the declaration of the illegality of general warrants, and the introduction into public life of Mr. Edmund Burke, one of the most illustrious ornaments of the present age. Lord Rockingham resigned 1 August 1766, and was reappointed to the same office 27 March 1782 with the general applause of his countrymen. He married 26 February 1752 Mary, daughter and heiress of. Thomas Bright of Badsworth in the county of York esquire. Upon his death 1 July 1782 his titles became extinct.

 

C R E A T I O N.

Baron Sondes of Leescourt in the county of Kent 20 May 1760.

 

C H I E F S E A T S.

Leescourt in the county of Kent, and Rockingham Castle in the county of Northampton.

 


STUART; BARONESS MOUNTSTUART.

 


MARY STUART, baroness Mountstuart of Wortley.

Lady Mountstuart married John Stuart earl of Bute of the kingdom of Scotland, and is mother of John Stuart lord Cardiff. She is third in descent from Edward first earl of Sandwich, and was created. by king George the third baroness Mountstuart of Wortley.

 

C R E A T I O N.

Baroness Mountstuart of Wortley in. the county of York 4 April 1761.

 

C H I E F S E A T

Montagu house in the city of York.

 


ROBINSON, LORD GRANTHAM.

 


THOMAS ROBINSON, baron Grantham of Grantham.

This nobleman was born 8 December 1781, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 20 July 1786.

The family of Robinson has been traced back to the reign of queen Elizabeth. William Robinson, in the reign of king Charles the first, had issue,

  1. Metcalfe, created a baronet by king Charles the second 30 July 1660, which title became extinct by his death. 6 February 1689.
  2. Thomas.

William, son of Thomas, was created a baronet by king William the third 13 February 1690, and had issue,

  1. Sir Metcalfe second baronet, who died 26 December 1736.
  2. Sir Tancred, third baronet, a rear admiral of his majesty's navy. He married Mary, daughter and heiress of William Norton of Disforth in the county of York esquire ; by which lady he had issue
    1. sir William, fourth baronet, who died 4 March 1770;
    2. sir Norton, present and fifth baronet; Mary, married to Thomas Pierce of Pierceburgh in the county of York esquire;
    3. Elizabeth; and
    4. Margaret.

    Sir Tancred died 1754.

  3. William, who died in the expedition to Carthagena 19 June 1741.
  4. Thomas.
  5. John, who died in the expedition to Carthagena -- ----- 1742.

Thomas, fourth son of sir William first baronet, was by king George the second employed in several foreign embassies, and was constituted 1748 ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the congress of Aix la Chapelle, together with John earl of Sandwich. He was declared 6 April 1754 one of his majesty's principal secretaries of state, which office he resigned in November 1755. By king George the third he was created baron Grantham of Grantham, and constituted 20 July 1765 joint post-master general, which office he resigned in December 1766. He had issue,

  1. Thomas, second lord Grantham.
  2. Anne, born 19 March 1742.
  3. Frederic, born 11 October 1746, and elected 1781 and 1784 to represent the borough of Rippon in the county of York, but vacated his feat in December 1787. He married -- June 1785 , ----- ----- sister of James lord Malmesbury.

Lord Grantham died 30 December 1770.

Thomas, second lord Grantham, was son constituted in the year 1771 his majesty's ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the court of Madrid, from whence he was recalled at the breaking out of the war in 1779. He was appointed 9 December 1780 first lord commissioner of trade and plantations, which office was suppressed by a of parliament in June 1782. He was farther constituted 17 July in that year one of his majesty's principal secretaries of state, which office he resigned in March 1783. He married Mary Jemima, daughter of Jemima, marchioness Grey; by which lady he had issue,

  1. Thomas, present and third lord Grantham.
  2. Frederic, born 30 October 1782.
  3. Philip, born 18 October 1783.

 

C R E A T I O N.

Baron of Grantham in the county of Lincoln 7 April 1761.

 

C H I E F S E A T.

Topcliff in the county of York.

 


CURZON, LORD SCARSDALE.

 


NATHANIEL CURZON, baron Scarsdale of Scarsdale and a baronet; a vice president of the Middlesex Hospital and doctor of laws.

This nobleman was born 23 December 1727, and succeeded to the dignity of a baronet upon the death of his father -- ----- 1758. He was created by king George the third baron Scarsdale of Scarsdale.

Lord Scarsdale married 7 October 1751 Caroline, daughter of Charles Colyeare second earl of Portmore of the kingdom of Scotland; by which lady he has issue,

  1. Nathaniel, born 16 September 1752, and elected 1774 and 1780 to represent the county of Derby. He married 18 August 1777 Sophia Susanna, daughter of Edward first lord viscount Wentworth; by which lady, who died 28 June 1782, he has issue
    1. Sophia Caroline, born 13 January 1779.
  2. Caroline, born 6 May 1753.
  3. Charles William, born 22 March 1758.
  4. John, born 27 October 1760.
  5. David Francis, born 18 July 1762.
  6. Henry, born 24 May 1765.
  7. Juliana, born 13 August 8.
  8. A son, born 28 November 1780.

The family of Curzon is in the list of those persons who came over to England with William the conqueror, and is said to have produced a cardinal in the reign of John. John Curzon, in the reign of king Henry the fourth, had issue,

  1. Richard.
  2. Henry, whose grandson Robert was employed by king Henry the seventh as a spy upon Edmund de la Pole, duke of Suffolk, who was supposed to have pretensions to the crown. He had a considerable command at the battle of Guinegate, commonly called the battle of the Spurs, in the year 1513, and is said to have been created a peer by king Henry the eighth.

John, seventh in descent from Richard, was created a baronet by king Charles the first 11 August 1641. Sir Nathaniel, fourth baronet, his grandson, married Mary, daughter of sir Ralph Asheton of Middleton in the county of Lancaster baronet, by which lady, who died 18 March 1776, he had issue,

  1. Nathaniel lord Scarsdale.
  2. Asheton.

Asheton, younger son of sir Nathaniel, was elected 1761, 1768 and 1774 to represent the borough of Clitheroe in the county of Lancaster. He married first Esther, daughter of William Hanmer of Iscoyd in the county of Flint esquire; by which lady, who died 21 July 1764, he had issue,

  1. Penn Asheton, born 31 January 1757, and elected 1784 to represent the borough of Leominster in the county of Hereford. He married 31 July 1787 Sophia Charlotte, daughter of Richard earl Howe.
  2. Esther, born 24 December 1758, and married 8 January 1778 to sir George Smyth of Stoke in the county of Northampton baronet.
  3. Mary, born 11 February 1760, and married to Henry Stawel lord Stawel.

Asheton, the father, married secondly 6 February 1766 Dorothy, sister of Richard earl Grosvenor; by which lady, who died 25 February 1774, he has issue,

  1. Dorothy, born 3 December 1767.
  2. A daughter, born ,5 July 1768.

He married thirdly 17 April 1777 Anna Margaretta, sister of sir William Meredith of Henbury in the county of Chester baronet of Nova Scotia, and relict of Barlow Trecothick esquire, alderman of the city of London.

 

C R E A T I O N.

Baron Scarsdale of Scarsdale in the county of Derby 9 June 1761.

 

C H I E F S E A T.

Kedleston in the county of Derby.

 


IRBY, LORD BOSTON.

 


FREDERIC IRBY, baron Boston of Boston, and a baronet; one of the lords of his majesty's bedchamber, and doctor of laws.

This nobleman was born 9 June 1749, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 30 March 1775. He was constituted 9 September 1780 one of the lords of his majesty's bedchamber.

Lord Boston married 15 May 1775 Christiana, daughter of Paul Methuen of Corsham in the county of Wilts esquire; by which lady he has issue,

  1. Charlotte, born 11 March 1776.
  2. George, born 24 December 1777.
  3. Frederic Paul, born 18 April 1779.
  4. William. Augustus, born 28 November 1780.
  5. Albinia, born 8 March 1782.
  6. A son, born 27 August 1783.
  7. A son, born 21 February 1788.

The family of Irby has been traced back to the reign of king Henry the third. Edward Irby, in the reign of queen Anne, was by that princess created a baronet 13 April 1704.

Sir William, second baronet, his son, was constituted in the year 1761 chamberlain of the houshold to Augusta, princess dowager of Wales, and created by king George the third baron Boston of Boston. He married Albinia, daughter of Edward Selwyn esquire; by which lady, who died 2 April 1769, he had issue,

  1. Augusta Georgiana Elizabeth, born 26 July 1747, and appointed one of the maids of honour to Augusta, princess dowager of Wales, and married to Thomas lord Wales.
  2. Frederic, present and second lord Boston.
  3. William Henry, born 9 September 1750 who married 25 October 1781 Mary, daughter of Rowland Blackman of the island of Barbados esquire, which lady died -- January 1783.

 

C R E A T I O N.

Baron Boston of Boston in the county of Lincoln 10 April 1761.

 

CHIEF SEAT

Spalding in the county of Lincoln; and Hedsor in the county of Buckinghamshire.

 


PITT, BARONESS CHATHAM

 


HESTER PITT, baroness Chatham of Chatham in the county of Kent.

Lady Chatham married William Pitt, first earl of Chatham. She is daughter of Hester countess Temple, and was created by king George the third baroness Chatham of Chatham.

 

C R E A T I O N

Baroness Chatham of Chatham in the county of Kent 5 October 1761.

 


PELHAM, LORD PELHAM.

 


THOMAS PELHAM, baron Pelham of Stanmer, and a baronet; one of his majesty's most honourable privy council, and surveyor general of the customs in the port of London.

This nobleman was born 28 February 1728, and elected in several parliaments to represent the county of Sussex. He was constituted 6 April 1754 one of the lords commissioners of trade and plantations, which office He exchanged 21 March 1761 for that of one of the lords commissioners of the admiralty, and resigned in the year 1762. He was appointed 20 July 1765 comptroller of his majesty's houshold, which office he resigned in the year 1774. He was farther constituted 10 November 1775 keeper of his majesty's great wardrobe, which office was abolished by act of parliament in June 1782.

Lord Pelham married 11 May 1754 Anne, granddaughter of sir Thomas Frankland of Thirkelby in the county of York baronet; by which lady he has issue,

  1. Thomas, born 8 April 1756, and elected 1780 and 1784 to represent the county of Sussex. He was constituted 23 April 1782 surveyor general of the office of ordnance, which office he resigned in April 1783, and was constituted -- August in that year secretary to Robert Henley earl of Northington in the office of lord lieutenant of the kingdom of Ireland.
  2. Henrietta Anne, born 1 September 1757.
  3. Henry, born 11 July 1759 and elected 1780 and 1784 to represent the borough of Lewes in the county of Sussex. He was constituted 16 May 1778 a lieutenant in the third regiment of foot guards. He married 9 November 1788 ----- ----- daughter of ----- Cob esquire.
  4. Frances, born 4 December 1760, and married 3 December 1778 to George Broderic lord viscount Middleton of the kingdom of Ireland. She died 26 June 1783.
  5. Lucy, born 22 February 1763.
  6. Amelia, born 19 July 1764.
  7. George, born 13 October 1766.

The family of Pelham is supposed to have resided in England prior to the Norman conquest. Sir John Pelham, in the reign of king Edward the third, distinguished himself at the battle of Poicters 19 September 1356, and together with Roger La War lord La War, took prisoner John king of France. John, his son, was personally attendant upon Henry of Bolingbroke, afterwards king Henry the fourth; and was joint treasurer of war to that monarch. He had the persons of Edmund Mortimer earl of March an his brother, descended from Lionel duke of Clarence, second son of king Edward the third, committed to his custody; and was appointed governor to James the first, king of Scotland, during his residence in England. He distinguished himself in the wars of king Henry the fifth for the crown of France, and died in the year 1429. William, his grandson, had issue,

  1. William, who distinguished himself in the wars of queen Elizabeth, and was by that princess constituted master general of the office of ordnance. He was second in command under Robert Dudley earl of Leicester, the wars of the Low Countries, and died 24 November 1587.
  2. Edward, who was constituted by queen Elizabeth lord chief baron of the exchequer of the kingdom of Ireland, and died 4 July 1606.

Thomas, third in descent from William, was created a baronet by king James the first 22 May 1611; and sir Thomas, second baronet, his son, adhered to the parliamentary party in the civil wars of king Charles the first. Sir John, third baronet, his son, had issue,

  1. Sir Thomas, fourth baronet.
  2. Henry, who was clerk of the pells in his majesty's exchequer, and died 1 April 1721. Thomas, his son, married Annetta, daughter of Thomas Bridges esquire; by which lady, who died 1733, he had issue
    1. Thomas, present and second lord Pelham; and
    2. Henrietta, married first to Richard, son of Henry Temple first lord viscount Palmerston of the kingdom of Ireland, and secondly to George first earl of Abergavenny. She died 29 August 1768; and Thomas, her father, -- ----- 1737.

Sir Thomas, fourth baronet, was created by queen Anne 29 November 1706 baron Pelham of Laughton in the county of Sussex. He married Grace, sister of John Holles duke of Newcastle, marquis of Clare, earl of Clare and baron of Haughton; by which lady he had issue,

  1. Thomas, second lord Pelham.
  2. Henry, who was constituted 3 April 1724 secretary at war, and exchanged that office 8 May 1730 for that of paymaster general of his majesty's forces. He was farther promoted 27 August 1743 to be first lord commissioner of the treasury and chancellor and under treasurer of the exchequer, which employments he filled with moderation, integrity and applause. He married Catherine, daughter of John second duke of Rutland; by which lady, who died 17 February 1780, he had issue
    1. Catherine, married to Henry duke of Newcastle, who died 29 July 1760; Frances, born 18 August 1728; Grace, married to Lewis lord Sondes, who died 30 July 1777; and
    2. Mary, born September 1739. Henry, the father, died 6 March 1754.
  3. 3. Lucy, married to Henry seventh earl of Lincoln. She died 20 July 1736.

Thomas, second lord Pelham, assumed the surname of Holles in compliance with the will of his maternal uncle, and was by king George the first 26 October 1714 created viscount Haughton in the county of Nottingham and earl of Clare in the county of Suffolk, and 2 August 1715 marquis of Clare and duke of Newcastle in the county of Northumberland. He was constituted 15 April 1717 lord chamberlain of is majesty's houshold, which office he exchanged 2 April 1724 for that of one of his majesty's principal secretaries of state. He was elected 14 December 1748 chancellor of the university of Cambridge; and having resigned the seals of secretary of state, was constituted 16 March 1754 first lord commissioner of the treasury, in which office he continued till November 1756. By king George the second he was created duke of Newcastle under Line in the county of Stafford, with remainder to Henry Fiennes ninth earl of Lincoln, now duke of Newcastle; and was reappointed first lord commissioner of the treasury 2 July 1757, which office he resigned in May 1762. He was also created by king George the third baron Pelham of Stanmer, with remainder to Thomas, present and second lord Pelham. Upon his death 17 November 1768 the titles of baron Pelham of Laughton, viscount Haughton, earl and marquis of Clare, and duke of Newcastle in the county of Northumberland, became extinct.

 

C R E A T I O N.

Baron Pelham of Stanmer in the county of Sussex 4 May 1762.

 

C H I E F S E A T S.

Stanmer, Halland, Bishopstone and Ifield in the county of Sussex.

 


FOX, LORD HOLLAND.

 


HENRY RICHARD FOX, baron Holland of Holland, and baron Hand of Foxley.

This nobleman was born 21 November 1773, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 26 December 1774.

Henry, younger son of sir Stephen Fox paymaster general to king Charles the second, was one of the most considerable supporters of the administration of sir Robert Walpole, and was constituted -- May 1746 secretary at war to king George the second which office he exchanged 14 November 1755 for that of one of his majesty's principal secretaries of state, and resigned in December 1756. He was farther constituted 5 July 1757 paymaster general of his majesty's forces, and 1762 clerk of the pells in the court of exchequer of the kingdom of Ireland during the joint lives of himself and his two eldest sons. He was soon after created by king George the third baron Holland of Foxley, and resigned the office of paymaster general in March 1765. He incurred much popular odium from the suspicion of his having been guilty of peculation in that office; and an eloquent eulogium of his character, written by Mr. Horace Walpole, is contained in the periodical paper of the World. He married Georgiana Carolina, daughter of Charles second duke of Richmond; by which lady, who was created baroness Holland of Holland, and died 24 July 1774 he had issue,

  1. Stephen, second lord Holland, who married 20 April 1766 Mary, daughter of John first earl of Upper Ossory of the kingdom of Ireland; by which lady he had issue
    1. Caroline, born 3 November 1767 ; and
    2. Henry Richard, present and third lord Holland.
  2. Charles James. 3. Henry Edward, born 4 March 1755, who was constituted 12 October 1778 lieutenant colonel of the thirtieth regiment of foot guards, and promoted 12 March 1783 to be a colonel of his majesty's forces. He is one of the aides de camp to his majesty. Colonel Fox married 14 November 1786 ---- ----- daughter of William Clayton of Harleyford in the county of Buckingham esquire.

Henry lord Holland, the father, died -- July 1774.

Charles James, second son of Henry first lord Holland, is one of the greatest political characters of the present age. He was born 24 January 1749, and elected 1768 and 1774 to represent the borough of Malmesbury in the county of Wilts, and 1780 and 1784 to represent the city of Westminster. He began his political career under the administration of lord North, and early displayed a considerable talent for eloquence. He was constituted 24 February 1770 one of the lords commissioners of the admiralty, which office he exchanged 9 January 1773 for that of one of the lords commissioners of the treasury, and was dismissed upon a misunderstanding with lord North 12 March 1774. He was deeply engaged in the opposition to the American war, and acquired considerable popularity by his parliamentary efforts upon that subject. Upon the subsequent change of ministry he was constituted 27 March 1782 one of his majesty's principle secretaries of state, which office he resigned upon the death of the marquis of Rockingham in July 1782. Having formed a coalition with the party of lord North, he again received the seals of secretary of state 2 April 1783, and was dismissed from office 19 December in that year.

 

C R E A T I O N S.

Baron Holland of Holland in the county of Lincoln 6 May 1762.

 

Baron Holland of Foxley in the county of Wilts 16 April 1763.

 

C H I E F   S E A T.

Foxley in the county of Wilts.

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