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Ash - Sandwich

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"ASH-NEAR-SANDWICH, a parish and village in the hundred of Wingham, lathe of St. Augustine, in the county of Kent, 3 miles to the W. of Sandwich, and 64 from London. A branch of the river Stour flows along the north border of the parish, and the hamlet of Richborough is included in it. There are several corn mills and a brewery. The living is a vicarage* with the perpetual curacy of Trinity, in the diocese of Canterbury, value £250, in the gift of the archbishop. The church, dedicated to St. Nicholas, is a handsome cruciform Gothic edifice, of the early part of the 13th century. The tower, which is a landmark, rises from the centre of the building and is supported by four elegant arches. At the side of the chancel is a private chapel, containing some fine brasses and monuments. A chapel of ease has also been erected at Westmarsh, 2 miles distant. The Independents have a neat chapel. There is an endowed school for 25 boys and 25 girls, founded by Eleanor and Anne Cartwright, the revenue of which is about £90. A school-house was afterwards erected by Elizabeth Godfrey, on condition that ten additional pupils of each sex should share the instruction of the school; the number has since been extended to 50. There are other charities amounting to about £47 a year. In the hamlet of Richborough are the remarkable ruins of Richborough Castle, the Roman Rutupium. [See Richborough.] Hops are cultivated in the district. Fairs are held on the 21st May and the 29th September. Guilton Town is a hamlet on the W. of Ash, on the London and Sandwich road."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 by Colin Hinson ©2010]

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