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Boughton Malherbe

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"BOUGHTON MALHERB, a parish in the hundred of Eyhorne, lathe of Aylesford, in the county of Kent, 10 miles to the S.E. of Maidstone, its post town. It lies on the north confines of the Weald of Kent, and is intersected by a ridge of hills commanding extensive views. The parish contains some hop-grounds. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Canterbury, of the value of £176, in the patronage of the heirs of Earl Cornwallis. The church, which stands on the summit of the hill, is dedicated to St. Nicholas, and contains three monumental brasses, the earliest being of the year 1490, and fine monuments to the Wottons, especially to Sir Thomas and Sir Edward Wotton. The charitable endowments of the parish are worth £8 a year. The manor of Boughton Malherb, formerly belonging to the Stanhopes and Wottons, is now held by the heirs of Earl Cornwallis. Remains of the ancient mansion built by Sir Edward Wotton, and visited by Queen Elizabeth about 1573, still exist, and are converted into farm buildings. This house was the birthplace of Sir Henry Wotton, the distinguished diplomatist of the reign of James I. and the subject of one of Izaak Walton's delightful biographies. In this parish are the ruins of Collridge Castle, the ancient seat of the Peyforers; and near them is Chilstone House, which was built of the materials of the old castle."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 by Colin Hinson ©2010]

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