"LYDD, a parish, market and post town, in the liberty of Romney Marsh, lathe of Shepway, county Kent, 4 miles S.W. of New Romney, 17 S. of Ashford, and 70 from London. The Appledore station, on the Ashford and Hastings branch of the South-Eastern line of railway, is about 8 miles N.W. of the town. It is situated in the most southern part of the county, looking across the English Channel, and near the point of land which forms the Bay of Dungeness, and on which Dungeness lighthouse stands, 110 feet in height. Lydd being united to Romney, is entitled to the privileges enjoyed by the Cinque Ports. The local government is administered by a bailiff, jurats, and freemen elected annually: the first is coroner, and the jurats are justices for the borough, and hold a general court of session. A portion of the northern part of the parish comes within the jurisdiction of New Romney. Petty sessions are held here, and there is a house of correction. In the neighbourhood are two batteries. The town contains a small but well built market-house. A good trade is done in coal, which is landed here. The inhabitants of the parish are for the most part employed in agriculture, some in the fisheries, and others in the breweries. A part of the coast is very uneven, in some places are pits and waterholes, and in others strips of marsh land stretching out to sea. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Canterbury, value £1,247, in the patronage of the archbishop. The church, dedicated to All Saints, has a massive tower. It contains numerous monuments and brasses, some dating back to the early part of the 15th century. The register commences in 1564. The parochial endowments produce about £80 per annum. The Wesleyans have a chapel, and there are National schools for boys and girls. Thursday is market day. A fair is held on the last Monday in July."
[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 by Colin Hinson ©2010]