"STROOD, (or Strood Extra and Infra), a parish partly in the city of Rochester, and partly in the hundred of Shamwell, lathe of Aylesford, county Kent, 6 miles from Gravesend, and half a mile N.W. of Rochester, its post town. It is a station on the North Kent line of railway. It is situated on the river Medway, opposite Rochester, of which it is a suburb, and to which it is joined by the bridge at its eastern extremity. The village consists of one irregularly built street. Of Strood Temple, which was given by Henry II. to the Knights Templars, and by the Countess of Pembroke to the abbey at Denny, there are some remains on Temple Farm. At the Dissolution the site was given to the Cobhams, when the revenue was estimated at £52 6s. led. Many of the inhabitants are employed in the fisheries on the Medway, and in the shrimp and oyster fisheries. There are some extensive brick kilns. The North Aylesford union poorhouse is situated in this parish. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Rochester, val, £290, in the patronage of the dean and chapter. The church, dedicated to St. Nicholas, was rebuilt, with the exception of the tower, in 1812. In the interior are a stone seat and a brass of T. Glover and his three wives, bearing date 1444. The parochial charities produce about £53 per annum. There is a place of worship for Independents. In the vicinity is a stable and other remains of Bishop Gilbert de Glanville's hospital for infirm and indigent travellers, founded in Richard I.'s time. About 2 miles from Strood on the London road is Gadshill, celebrated by Shakspeare as the scene of Falstaff's valorous exploits."
[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 by Colin Hinson ©2010]