Coal Tax Posts as previously described on the Corporation of London website "were erected under the London Coal and Wine Duties Continuance Act, 1861, but some were originally set up under earlier nineteenth century Acts. The duties whose area of application they marked out originated in the seventeenth century and earlier.The Corporation of London had exercised the right of 'metage' (measuring) of coal and other commodities since mediaeval times and these rights were confirmed by two Charters of King James I. The City was later permitted to set up "a Boundary Stone, or some other permanent Mark" where any turnpike road, public highway, railway or canal entered the District. The surviving boundary marks define the London district after it was changed in 1861." The website gives details of the duties and posts, and gives a list of the remaining posts around London.
Lay Subsidies were medieval taxes (see a brief description of them), whioh often included compilations of lists of names. Published lists for London include:
- Ekwall, E (1951) Two Early London Subsidy Rolls. Lund: CWK Gleerup. Covers the years 1292 and 1319 and is now available at British History Online.
- Unwin G (ed.) (1918) Finance and trade under Edward III - The London lay subsidy of 1332. Contains a discussion of various analyses of the lay subsidy roll, but very few names. Now available at British History Online.
- Lang RG (ed.) (1993) Two Tudor subsidy rolls for the city of London 1541 and 1582. London: London Record Society. Now available at British History Online.
- Alan H. Nelson is developing an online index to the names in the Lay Subsidy Returns for London and adjacent areas, covering London, Middlesex and north Surrey 1593-1600, London 1582 (including some material in Lang above), and London 1576.
- Bolton P (ed.) (1998) The alien communities of London in the fifteenth century: the subsidy rolls of 1440 & 1483-4. Stamford: Richard III & Yorkist History Trust. ('Alien' ws the term for a foreigner.)
A 1638 list of tithe-payers has survived in Lambeth Palace Library and was published as Dale TC (ed.) (1931) The Inhabitants of London in 1638. London: Society of Genealogists. It is Now available at British History Online.
The Hearth Tax returns for London 1662 and 1666, Westminster 1664 and Middlesex 1666 have been transcribed by the London Hearth Tax Project and are available via British History Online.
In 1694 an act was passed to levy taxes upon burials, births and marriages and annual dues upon bachelors over 25 years of age and upon childless widowers. As a consequence lists were prepared in 1695 of:
- London Inhabitants within the Walls, published as Glass DV (ed) (1966) London inhabitants within the walls, 1695. Leicester: London Record Society. Now available at British History Online.
- London Inhabitants without [i.e. outside] the Walls, for which a typescript index is available at LMA.
Returns for 17 parishes do not survive, but an attempt has been made to fill the gaps using tax assessment of similar date, and an index published as "A Supplement to the London Inhabitants List of 1695 Compiled by Staff at Guildhall Library" in Guildhall Studies in London History Vol. 2, Nos. 2 (surnames A-M) and 3 (surnames N-Z and trades) (April and October 1976).
Land Tax was levied 1692-1932. Ancestry have indexed the records held at LMA, covering the City of London, Middlesex (including most Westminster parishes), and some parishes in Kent and Surrey. A description is given in a copy of a leaflet from LMA, though this out of date in some respects.