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Chiswick

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“CHISWICK, a parish in the Kensington division of the hundred of Ossulstone, in the county of Middlesex, forming a sort of peninsula, nearly surrounded by the river Thames, 7 miles by road, and 5 miles by the South-Western railway, from London.

Chiswick is first mentioned in a record of the reign of Henry III.; and about the year 1731 a Roman urn and some silver coins were found at Turnham Green. There are two large breweries in Chiswick, and on the opposite side of the river are the water-works of the West Middlesex Company. The island opposite Chiswick is the first to be met with up the Thames. Along the bank of the river are several wharves and maltings. The parish contains 1,311 acres, with a population of 6,504, embracing all classes of society. At Turnham Green and other choice situations are many pleasant villa residences, but in the densely populated district of Chiswick New Town are a great number of poor. The green has recently been enclosed by subscription, and a drinking-fountain erected at the sole expense of J. P. Bull, Esq. Many local improvements in the drainage and paving of the town have recently been undertaken by the Chiswick Improvement Commissioners, who are constituted a board under a special Act of Parliament. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of London, gross value £550, in the patronage of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's. The church, which is dedicated to St. Nicholas, has a very ancient tower, and a recent examination of the structure has revealed a very handsome roof of the 12th or 13th century, which had been concealed by a plaster ceiling. It is much to be regretted that the vestry have resolved to destroy this fine relic of antiquity, which Mr. Scott, the architect, says might well be restored. The church, however, is unsafe till repaired, and is at present closed. It contains some old and interesting monuments; and has two very handsome stained-glass windows. Sir John Chardin, the traveller, is buried in Chiswick churchyard; and there are monuments to Hogarth, who lived near Chiswick Field, in Hogarth-lane; to Chaloner, who worked the first alum-works in England; to Holland, the actor; Lord Macartney; the Duchesses of Cleveland and Somerset; the Countess of Falconberg, Cromwell's third daughter, who died at Sutton Court; Rose, the translator of "Sallust; "Loutherbourg, the painter; Kent, the landscape painter; Ralph, a political writer and Dunciad hero; Sharp, the engraver; Ugo Foscolo, the Italian patriot and author, and numerous other persons of eminence. There are also two other churches, viz., Christ Church, Turnham Green, a district parish church under the Marquis of Blandford's Act, in the patronage of the Bishop of London; it was built in 1843 chiefly by subscription, at a cost, with endowment, of £6,000, and is a good specimen of Gothic architecture; the other, dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene, is an elegant stone structure, erected in 1848 at the expense of J. C. Sharpe, Esq.

from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868

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Description & Travel

Description(s) from The National Gazetteer (1868)]

"CHISWICK, a parish in the Kensington division of the hundred of Ossulstone, in the county of Middlesex, forming a sort of peninsula, nearly surrounded by the river Thames, 7 miles by road, and 5 miles by the South-Western railway, from London. " (There is more of this description).

"TURNHAM GREEN, a village in the parish of Chiswick, county Middlesex, 7 miles S.W. of St. Paul's, and 4 from Richmond. It is situated near the river Thames, on the great western road. On the S. side of the Green are the Horticultural Society's Gardens. The Earl of Essex encamped here in 1642, and Waller in 1643. There are traces of the old Roman way from Staines, and many Roman coins were discovered here in 1731. The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of London, in the patronage of the bishop. The church is named Christchurch. The Wesleyans have a chapel."

 

Description(s) from "The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland" (1868), transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003; intended for personal use only, so please respect the conditions of use.

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Maps

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