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Isleworth

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“ISLEWORTH, a parish in the hundred of the same name, county Middlesex, 8 miles W. of Hyde Park corner, and 1 S.W. of Brentford. It is situated on the river Thames, and is a station on the South-Western railway. It contains Brentford End, Smallbury Green, Wyke Green, and parts of Hounslow and Whitton.

In Domesday survey it is written Gistelesworde. Prior to the Norman Conquest the manor belonged to Earl Algar, from whom it passed to Walter de St. Vallery, and subsequently to Richard, king of the Romans, who built a castle here. Simon de Montfort encamped here in 1266. It was anciently celebrated for a monastery called the Monastery of Sion, of the order of St. Bridget of Sweden, originally founded at Twickenham in 1414 by Henry V., but removed to this place in 1432, the revenue of which at the Dissolution was £1,944 119. 8d. The site was granted by Edward VI. to Edward Duke of Somerset, Lord. Protector, who erected the mansion of Sion House, but in the reign of Mary the convent was refounded for an abbess and nuns. In the following reign it was again suppressed, and continued vested in the crown till the reign of James I., when it was given to Henry Percy, the ninth Earl of Northumberland, and is now the property of the present duke. The custom of borough-English prevails in this manor. The village, which consists of one principal street, occupies a situation on the north side of the river Thames, and is lighted with gas, and paved. A considerable part of the parish is laid out in market gardens, which produce large quantities of strawberries, raspberries, and other fruit for the London market. There are an extensive brewery, cement works, and a corn-mill, believed to be one of the largest in England. The Brentford union workhouse is situated in this parish. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of London, value £681, in the patronage of the Dean and Chapter of Windsor. The church, dedicated to All Saints, was built from a design of Sir Christopher Wren, and has an ivy-mantled tower containing a peal of eight bells, belonging to a more ancient structure. In the interior are several monuments, two brasses (one to Chase, bearing date 1544), also effigies of Darcey and Devaux. There is also a district church at Woodlands, dedicated to St. John, the living of which is a perpetual curacy* in the patronage of the vicar. It was erected by subscription on a piece of land given by the Duke of Northumberland; and adjoining it are a parsonage, school, and twelve almshouses, all three built by the late John Farnell, Esq., and the two latter endowed by him. The charities produce £1,903 per annum, of which £551 goes to schools, £826 to almshouses-viz: Tolson's, Ingram's, Bell's, Sermon's, and Farnell's, £325 is dispensed by the Board of Feoffees, and the rest is appropriated to several small charities.

from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868

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Description & Travel

Description(s) from The National Gazetteer (1868)]

"ISLEWORTH, a parish in the hundred of the same name, county Middlesex, 8 miles W. of Hyde Park corner, and 1 S.W. of Brentford. It is situated on the river Thames, and is a station on the South-Western railway. It contains Brentford End, Smallbury Green, Wyke Green, and parts of Hounslow and Whitton. " (There is more of this description).

"BRENTFORD END, a hamlet in the parish and hundred of Isleworth, in the county of Middlesex, 1 mile from Brentford. It is on the north side of the river Thames, and was the site of an ancient chapel erected in the reign of Henry VI. [On a 2003 street map, it is shown East of Syon Lane, South of the Great West Road.]"

"SMALLBERRY GREEN, a hamlet in the parish of Isleworth, county Middlesex, 2 miles S.W. of Brentford. In the vicinity is Spring Grove, formerly the seat of Sir Joseph Banks. [2003 street map has Smallberry Avenue just S.E. of Isleworth station, and Spring Grove just North of Isleworth station.]"

"SPRING GROVE, a hamlet in the parish of Isleworth, hundred of Gore, county Middlesex, 11 miles S.W. of St. Paul's, London. It is situated near Hounslow Heath, and has a station on the loop line of the London and South Western railway."

"WHITTON DEAN, a hamlet in the parish of Isleworth, county Middlesex, adjoining the village of Whitton, in parish of Twickenham. [Whitton Dene is a road on a 2003 street map.]"

"WYKE GREEN, a hamlet in the parish of Isleworth, county Middlesex, 1 mile N.W. of Brentford, on the Grand Junction canal. [Wyke Green Golf Course and a street Wyke Close are on a 2003 map.]"

 

Description(s) from "The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland" (1868), transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003; intended for personal use only, so please respect the conditions of use.

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