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National Gazetteer (1868) - Chillingham

"CHILLINGHAM, (or Chevelingham), a parish in the eastern division of the ward of Glendale, in the county of Northumberland, 4 miles E. of Woofer, and 5 miles from the Lucker station. It is situated on the river Till, and includes the townships of Chillingham, Hebburn, and Newtown. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of Durham, value £340, in the patronage of the bishop. The church, dedicated to St. Peter, is an ancient edifice. Here are schools for boys and girls. The castle, pleasantly situated, is a handsome building, the seat of the Earl of Tankerville; it is four stories high in the wings, and three in the centre, rebuilt in the reign of Elizabeth, and contains some valuable portraits. In the park is a herd of wild cattle; they are white, with black noses and eyelids, and are called the "White Scotch Bison, but the bulls have lost the manes attributed to them by Boethius. There is in the vicinity a British camp, called Roscastle.

"CHILLINGHAM, a township in the parish of Chillingham, in the eastern division of the ward of Glendale, in the county of Northumberland."

"HEBBURN, (or Hepburn), a township in the parish of Chillingham, E division of Glendale ward, county Northumberland, 5 miles S.E. of Wooler. The surface is hilly, and the soil is a gravelly loam. On Hebburn hills are the ruins of a tower built and long occupied by the family of Hebburn. Stone is quarried. The greater part of this township has been enclosed within the park of Chillingham.

"NEWTOWN, a township in the parish of Chillingham, E. division of Glendale ward, county Northumberland, 4½ miles S.E. of Wooler. Near the village is Hurlstone-cross, 12 feet in height. The soil is of a clayey nature, with a subsoil of rock and limestone."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]