Cornhill on Tweed


"CORNHILL is a chapelry, township and village, the property of Sir F. Blake, Bart., and others. The township contains an area of 4,746 acres, and its population in 1801, was 668; in 1811, 725; in 1821, 863; in 1831, 765; in 1841, 823; and in 1851, 973 souls. History is almost silent with regard to the former possessors of this manors. The Greys were the proprietors at the commencement of the reign of Edward I., and we also find that the Swinhowes and Herons held lands here. THE VILLAGE of Cornhill is pleasantly situated ten miles north-west of Wooler, and one mile and a half east by south of Coldstream. THE CHURCH, OR CHAPEL, dedicated to St. Helen, is a neat edifice, and enjoys all the privileges of a parish church." [From History, Topography, and Directory of Northumberland, Whellan, 1855].

"CORNHILL, a chapelry in the parish of Norham, hundred of Norhamshire, in the county of Northumberland (formerly in Durham), ....."(The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) Colin Hinson ©2003]



  • Northumberland County Record Office holds copies of Census returns 1841 - 1891 and provides a useful User Guide
  • The 1851 Census Index (microfiche CN37)
  • 1891 Census Northumberland – Norhamshire and Islandshire (Buckton, Fenwick, Fenham, Goswick, Beal, Holy Island, Berrington, Kyloe, Ancroft, Cheswick, Haggerston, Scremerston, Horncliffe, Loan End, Longridge, Thornton, Shoreswood, Felkington, Norham Mains, Norham, Grindon, Duddo, Twizell, Tillmouth, Heaton, Cornhill, ship, Unity of Boston) (PRO piece RG12/4269) (Type B) (Book) (Volume 79) BOTH published by the https://www.ndfhs.org.uk/ may be of value to researchers interested in this parish

Church Records

Church of England Records.
  • Cornhill, St Helen: Records of baptisms 1701-1902, marriages 1697-1993 and burials 1695-1993 are available at Northumberland Record Office
  • Bishops' Transcripts for the period 1760-1879 are deposited at Durham University Library Archives and Special Collections, Palace Green, Durham City.
  • Cornhill is not included in the IGI or in Boyd's Marriage Index.

Transcripts of baptisms 1701-1812, marriages 1697-1812 and burials 1696-1811 for Cornhill are available at Newcastle Central Library, Local Studies Dept. A transcript of monumental inscriptions at Cornhill (microfiche TN74) is published by Northumberland and Durham Family History Society and these records are also available in book form at Newcastle Central Library, Local Studies Department.


Adjacent Parishes.

Civil Registration

  • This area is within Northumberland North First Registration District.
  • Certificates of birth, death and marriage can be ordered from Northumberland County Council.

Description & Travel

  • The Northumberland Communities website includes pages relating to Cornhill-on-Tweed. They provide "a range of learning resource material that reflects Northumberland's heritage, providing a base for studying the County's history. The website provides a starting point for understanding the development of communities in Northumberland. It also seeks to illustrate the range of sources for family and local history research that are available via Northumberland Archives Service."
You can see pictures of Cornhill on Tweed which are provided by:




Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Cornhill on Tweed has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



You can see maps centred on OS grid reference NT859393 (Lat/Lon: 55.646778, -2.22626), Cornhill on Tweed which are provided by:


Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Cornhill Parish was part of Berwick-upon-Tweed Poor Law Union. The Union Workhouse was located in Castlegate, Berwick-upon-Tweed. Some useful records are held at Berwick on Tweed Record Office