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Help and advice for Norfolk: Kenninghall

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Norfolk: Kenninghall

William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1845

[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

KENNINGHALL, a small improving market town, on the eastern banks of a rivulet, 3 miles E. by S. of East Harling, and 4 miles S.W. of New Buckenham, has in its parish 1389 inhabitants, and 3524 acres of land, belonging to the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Albemarle, N. Cooke, the Calver family, and many smaller proprietors. The Duke is lord of the manor, which is an ancient demesne, and held by the office of King's (now Queen's) butler. The copyholds are on fine certain for the land, and arbitrary for the buildings, and descend to the youngest son.

Kenninghall had anciently a large weekly MARKET, held every Monday, and it was revived about twelve years ago, for the sale of stock, &c., now exposed for sale (toll free) in the large yard at the Crown Inn. Here are also two annual FAIRS for cattle, on July 18th, and sheep, on Sept 30th.

Mr. T.J. Humphrey has an extensive brick and tile yard here, and near the town is Guiltcross Union Workhouse, already noticed at page 421 [which is the entry for Guiltcross Hundred].

In this manor was a seat of the East Anglian kings, from which it derived the name of King's Hall, afterwards corrupted to Kenninghall. The site of the Royal Castle, in which the valiant British Queen Boadicea held her court, is an area of nearly four acres, encompassed with a large foss, and having at each corner an artificial mount. The Conqueror conferred the manor on William de Albini, to be held by the service of chief butler to the kings of England at their coronation. From them, through the Montalts and Mowbrays, it descended to the Howards, Dukes of Norfolk, and possessed free warren, view of frank-pledge, waif, market, fair, assize of bread and ale, a pillory, ducking-stool, and gallows.

On the site of the castle, a mansion, called East Hall, continued to be the residence of the lords of the manor, till it was taken down by Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, who erected, about a furlong to the north-east, a larger and more stately mansion, which, after his attainder, was called Kenninghall Palace, being conferred by Henry VIII. on his daughter, the Princess Mary. This lady often resided here, and Queen Elizabeth also made it one of her summer seats.

It was subsequently restored to the Howard family, and continued to be their chief residence in this county till about the middle of the 17th century, when it was pulled down, and the materials sold. Its site and park are now in two farms, called Kenninghall Place, and still belong to the Duke of Norfolk.

The Church (St. Mary,) has a nave, chancel, north aisle, south porch, and a large square tower at the west end, containing eight bells, and having the crest of Norfolk upon the buttresses. The vicarage, valued in the King's Book at £5. 17s. 1d., and in 1831, at £250, is enjoyed by the Rev. Wm. Killett, B.A., with 10A. 3R. 26P. of glebe, and a small portion of the rectorial tithes, most of which are in the appropriation of the patron, the Bishop of Ely, but leased to Mrs. and Miss Pope and Charles Wright, Esq. The Church Land is 7A., let for £17 a year.

Here is a Particular Baptist Chapel, erected in 1807, and a Wesleyan Chapel, built in 1835. The former was built by Mr. T.J. Humphrey, who settled it in trust for the use of the congregation, which was formed in 1799, under the ministry of the Rev. Thos. Smith, of Shelfanger. The Rev. Henry Howell is its present pastor.

The town has a good fire-engine, purchased in 1843.

The poor have £2. 10s. yearly from Bowle's Charity, as noticed with Banham, and a yearly rent-charge of 20s., left by Dorothy Gawdy, in 1616. The Fuel Allotments, awarded at the enclosure in 1799, consist of 24A. 35P. of fen, and 26A. 3R. 34P. of heath, on which a barn was built in 1802, at the cost of £120. The poor cut fuel on the fen, but the herbage is let with the heath land, at rents amounting to about £50 a year, which is distributed in coals.

The POST OFFICE is at Mr. Samuel Wells'. Letters are received from East Harling, at 9 morning, and despatched at 4 afternoon.

         Barham     Eliz. and Dinah  milliners
         Bond       Wm.              poulterer
         Briggs     John             gardener
         Calver     Danl.            (Executors of) solicitor
         Carter     Wm.              gent
         Cook       Mrs Hanh
         Clarke     Saml.            turner & patten mkr
         Davy       Robert           watchmaker
         Dent       Peter            surgeon
         Dixon      Zach.            brazier & ironmonger
         Hewel      Rev Henry        (Baptist min.)
         Humphrey   John             gentleman
         Humphrey   Theophilus John  brick and tile manufacturer,
                                       and agent for Suffolk Amicable
                                       Ins. office
         Kent       Geo.             regr. & relieving officer
         Killett    Rev Wm., B.A.    Vicarage
         Linstead   George           saddler, &c
         Morley     James            parish clerk
         Rackham    Thos.            master of Guiltcross Union Workhouse,
                                       and registrar of marriages
         Sayer      George           cabinet maker
         Reeve      Mrs Ann
         Turner     Mr Charles
         Turner     Thos.            superintendent registr
         Wade       John             whitesmith
         Wells      Samuel           brewer and maltster
            INNS AND TAVERNS.
         Collings   James            Crown
         Wilde      Matthew          George (& painter, plumber, and glazier)
         Crook      Robert           Red Lion
         Mills      Robert           White Horse
         Bailey     Hy. Fdk.
         Ellis      Thirsa
         Harvey     Robt.            (& bookbinder)
         Horne      Miss
            Bakers.                     Beer Houses.
         Long       Zachariah        Jackson  Robert 
         Mason      John             Mallett  Henry
                                     Wells    Samuel
            Blacksmiths.                Boot & Shoe Mkrs.
         Barker     Thomas           Horne    John 
         Collings   James            Horne    J. jun. (& currier)
         Wade       Nathaniel        Moyse    George
                                     Smith    Robert
                                     Smith    Thomas 
            Bricklayers.                Butchers.
         Barham     Robert           Beales   John
         Osborne    George           Huggins  Wm.
            Carpenters.                 Coopers.
         Avis       E.               Daines   Robert
         Bailey     Charles          Davy     Robert
            Corn Millers.
         Crook      Robert
         Garrod     Wm.
         Long       Henry
         Reeve      James
         Wells      Wm.
         Avis       Ann              Humphrey T.J.
         Bilham     Stephen          Reeve    Samuel
         Burlingham Jas.             Ruffle   Fdk. John, (agent to
         Cooke      Natl. Esq.                  Farmers' Fire Office)
                      Grange         Spurling Daniel
         Coulson    John             Wells    John
         Cracknell  Wm.              West     Wm.
         Fincham and                 Weston   John
           Everett                   Wretham  John
         Green      John             Youels   James
         Harvey     George           Youels   Robert
         Holmes     Richard
            Grocers & Dprs.
         Betts      Charles          (& wine merchant)
         Bryant     Richd.           (& merchant)
         Rivett     Robert           (& brush maker)
         Wells      Samuel
            Tailors.                    Wheelwrights.
         Buxton     James            Clarke   Thos. sen. and junior
         Coe        Robert           Garrett  Benj.
         Cooke      Thomas           Lawrence Steph.
         Thurlow    John             Napthen  Robert
         Turner     James

COACH to Norwich, from the Crown, Sat. 7½ mg. & Carriers to Norwich, Bury, &c. Tue. and Friday

See also the Kenninghall parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
September 2009