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Rushford

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"RUSHFORD parish has a small village, on the Little Ouse, 3½ miles E. by S. of Thetford, and contains 138 inhabitants, and 2,264 acres, including Shadwell, which has 28 souls, but exclusive of Snarehill, and Rushford Lodge, which is a tithe free estate of about 1000 acres, and 34 souls, on the south side of the river, in Suffolk. Sir Robert Jacob Buxton, Bart., owns all the parish, except Snarehill, and resides with his mother, at Shadwell Lodge, a handsome modern mansion on the north side of the parish, overlooking the vale of the river Thet, . . . The CHURCH (St. John the Evangelist) was appropriated to a college, founded here by Sir Edmund Goneville, in 1342, for a master and six priests. . . . Sir R.J. Buxton is impropriator of the tithes, and patron of the perpetual curacy, which is exempt from episcopal jurisdiction, and was certified at £16. It is enjoyed by the Rev. Robert Ward, of Thetford, and was augmented with £200 of Queen Anne's Bounty, in 1793. " [William White History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk (1845) - Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

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Rushford is also known as Rushford with Snarehill.
It included the hamlets of Great and Little Snarehill, and Shadwell, until about 1860, when Great and Little Snarehill became the parish of Snarehill.
See also Snarehill and Rushall.

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Church Directories

  • In 1883 the parish was in the Deanery of Rockland, in the archdeaconry of Norfolk.
    It could have been in a different deanery or archdeaconry both before and after this date.
  • The parish church is dedicated to St John the Evangelist.
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Church History

Church of St John the Evangelist
Description and pictures.
Church of St John the Evangelist
Services, etc.
 
Bennet, Edward Kedington
Historical memorials of the College of St John Evangelist, Rushworth or Rushford.
[Norwich, A.H. Goose, Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society, 1887]
Bennet, Edward Kedington
Notes on the original statutes of the College of St John Evangelist of Rushworth [sic].
[Norwich, Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society, in "Norfolk Archaeology", vol.10, 1888]
Bennet, Edward Kedington
The College of St John Evangelist, of Rushworth [sic].
[Norwich, Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society, in "Norfolk Archaeology", vol.10, 1888]
Cotton, Simon
The Church of St John the Evangelist, Rushford.
[Rushford, Norfolk Churches Trust, 1980s]
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Church Records

Marriages
These are not included in Boyd's Marriage Index or Phillimore's Marriage Registers.

See also Norfolk Parish Links: Church Records

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Civil Registration

For the civil registration of births, marriages and deaths between 1837 and 1930 (and for the censuses from 1851 to 1901), Rushford was in Thetford Registration District.

See also Norfolk Parish Links: Civil Registration

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Description & Travel

You can see pictures of Rushford which are provided by:

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Gazetteers

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Historical Geography

Rushford is in Guiltcross Hundred in Norfolk, and Blackbourn hundred in Suffolk.

Parish outline and location.
See Parish Map for Guiltcross Hundred
Description of Guiltcross Hundred
1845: White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk

You can see the administrative areas in which Rushford has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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Land & Property

Land Tax
Principal property owners and occupiers, and the amounts paid.
1767-1833.

See also Norfolk Parish Links: Land and Property

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Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference TL925814 (Lat/Lon: 52.397182, 0.828007), Rushford which are provided by:

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Military Records

Roll of Honour for Rushford and Shadwell
World War 1.

See also Norfolk Parish Links: Military Records

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Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • After 1834 Rushford became part of the Thetford Union, and the workhouse was at Thetford.
  • Overseers' Rates
    Principal property occupiers and the amounts paid.
    1763-1784.
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Population

These figures are from the population tables which were produced after the 10-yearly national censuses. The "Families" heading includes families and single occupiers.

Year  Inhabited
Houses
FamiliesPopulation
18012121105
18112124126
18212525168
18312729138
184133--172
185137--187
Year  Inhabited
Houses
FamiliesPopulation
186135--170
18712831150
18813036143
18912828131
19012727142
1911--30145

There may be more people living in detached parts of the parish (if there were any) and, if so, the number may or may not be included in the figures above. It is quite difficult to be sure from the population tables.

1811 Census
The figures are for Rushford with Snarehill.
1821 Census
The figures are for Rushford with Snarehill.
1831 Census
The figures are for Rushford with Snarehill.
"The Parish of Rushford extends into Blackburn Hundred, County of Suffolk, but the whole is here entered."
1841 Census
"Rushford Parish includes Shadwell Hamlet."
"The population of Snarehill was probably returned with that of Rushford prior to 1841."
There were 25 inhabited houses and 138 people in Norfolk.
There were 8 inhabited houses and 34 people in Suffolk.
1851 Census
"Rushford Parish includes Shadwell Hamlet."
There were 26 inhabited houses and 133 people in Norfolk.
There were 11 inhabited houses and 54 people in Suffolk.
1861 Census
There were 28 inhabited houses and 134 people in Norfolk.
There were 7 inhabited houses and 36 people in Suffolk.
1871 Census
"The parish of Rushford is partly in Suffolk; the entire parish contains 170 persons."
1881 Census
"Rushford is partly in Suffolk: the entire parish contains 169 persons."
1891 Census
"This parish is partly in the Administrative County of West Suffolk; the entire parish contains 38 inhabited houses and 189 population."
1901 Census
"Including Shadwell."
1911 Census
Out of the population of 145, 22 were in one institution or large establishment, which could have been Shadwell Court.