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Boughton

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"Boughton parish, two miles north-east of Ollerton, is a small scattered village situated at the foot of Cockin Hill, a steep acclivity, which forms the east side of the parish, and the boundary of the South Clay division, separating it from the parish of Laxton. On the west is an extensive tract of very light forest land, called the Brecks. About thirty acres of hop ground extend from the south-west at the foot of Cockin Hill, towards Ollerton, of which, a few years ago, there were twice the number of acres in hop grounds. The parish contains 398 inhabitants and 1,348a 1r 15p of land, including 135 acres of commons and 49½ acres in woods, of the rateable value of £1,209 18s 5d. The Earl of Scarborough is lord of the manor (holding a court at Michaelmas), and owner of the whole except 384 acres. John Doncaster, gent, of Ollerton, owns and occupies about 112 acres, and several others are owners. The River Mann intersects the parish, over which, in 1812, a bridge was erected by subscription, previous to which the ford was often dangerous. On the bank of the river is a deep cavity in the rock of red sandstone, called Robin Hood's Cave, near which is New England, a district of about 50 acres, enclosed from the forest many years ago, lying betwixt Walesby and Pearlthorpe, but in Ollerton township."
[WHITE's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

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Cemeteries

Mick GARRATT has a photograph of St. Matthew's churchyard on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2007.

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Census

  • The parish was in the Kneesal sub-district of the Southwell Registration District.
     
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
     
Census
Year
Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 849
1861 R.G. 9 / 2473
1871 R.G. 10 / 3535
1891 R.G. 12 / 2709
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Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Matthew.
     
  • The church was consecrated on 15 September, 1868.
     
  • The exterior walls of the church were renovated in 1903.
     
  • The church seats 200 people.
     
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of St. Matthew's Church on Geo-graph, taken in February, 2011.
     
  • Mick GARRATT also has a photograph of St. Matthew's Church on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2007.
     
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Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1686.
     
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Worksop.
     
  • The Baptists built a small chapel here in 1828. It was "disused" by 1903.
     
  • The Primitive Methodists built a chapel here in 1863.
     
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Civil Registration

  • The parish was in the Kneesal sub-district of the Southwell Registration District.
     
  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.
     
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Description & Travel

Boughton was a village and a parish just east of Ollerton, 20 miles from Nottingham city and 118 miles north of the city of London. The River Maun runs through the north-west edge of the parish and the parish covered 1,372 acres.

If you are planning a visit:

  • Purched on the eastern edge of New Ollerton, the village is in an expected growth path for Ollerton.
     
  • The A6075 runs through the village and can be reached off of the A1 motorway at Tuxford. Turn west.
     
  • The railway line may still exist, but there has been no passenger service since 1955.
     
  • The Harrow Inn on Tuxford Road provides rooms and refreshment.
     
  • Two miles from the village is a deep cavity known as "Robin Hood's Cave".
     
You can see pictures of Boughton which are provided by:

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Directories

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Gazetteers

John Marius WILSON's "Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1870-72" described Boughton as:

BOUGHTON, a parish in Southwell district, Notts; 2 miles NE of Ollerton, and 6 SW by W of Tuxford r. station. Post Town, Ollerton, under Newark. Acres, 1,372. Real property, £1,976. Pop., 390. Houses, 91. The property is divided among a few. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Lincoln; and till 1866 was annexed to Kneesall. Value, £250. Patron, Southwell church. There are two dissenting chapels.
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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Boughton has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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History

  • This used to be a large hop-growing area, but at last report only an acre of hops could be found here.
     
  • In 1812, a bridge was built over the River Maun.
     
  • Jonathan THACKER. has a photograph of The Harrow Inn just off the A6075 on Geograph, taken in December, 2015.
     
  • J. THOMAS also has a photograph of The Harrow Inn on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2015.
     
  • These are the names associated with the Harrow Inn in older directories:
     
 Year Person
1896 -- not listed --
1904 Thomas Wm. THOMPSON
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Maps

  • See our Maps page for additional resources.

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK676686 (Lat/Lon: 53.210175, -0.989254), Boughton which are provided by:

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Military History

A Roll of Honour appears on a mounted plaque in St. Matthew's Church. It includes one man killed in World War One.

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Military Records

The one man killed in World War I was Private Cooling Henry REAVILL, 9th Btln. The Loyal North Lancashire Regt., died 08 Jun 1917, age 32. Husband of Sarah Jane REAVILL.

You can view the plaque at the Nottinghamshire War Memorials site. The names are readable.

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Names, Geographical

The parish appears in the 1086 Domesday Book rendered as "Buchetone".

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Politics & Government

  • This place was an ancient Chapelry in Nottinghamshire until it became a parish in 1535.
     
  • The parish was in the Hatfield division of the ancient Bassetlaw Wapentake (Hundred) in the northern division of the county.
     
  • This Civil Parish merged with Ollerton in 1996 to form the Ollerton and Boughton Civil Parish.
     
  • Ian S. has a photograph of the Village Hall on the east side of the village on Geo-graph, taken in May, 2016. Stop by when the facility is open and ask for a schedule of forth-coming events.
     
  • You may contact the Ollerton and Boughton Town Council regarding civic and political matters, but they CANNOT do family history lookups for you.
     
  • District governance is provided by the Newark and Sherwood District Council.
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Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Bastardy cases would be heard at the Retford petty session hearings held in West Retford.
     
  • Mrs. FROGSON left the interest on £100 to be distributed to poor widows on Christmas day.
     
  • As a result of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act reforms, this parish became part of the Southwell Poor Law Union.
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Population

The population of this parish exploded with the growth of Ollerton in the late 1920s and since then has been over 1,200 every census.

 Year Population
1801 190
1811 217
1821 289
1851 398
1871 344
1881 296
1891 286
1901 210
1911 269
1921 315
1931 1,318
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Schools

  • A National School was built here for 70 children in 1861 by William John PICKIN.
     
  • St. Joseph's Catholic School also operates in the parish on the Main road.