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Cromwell

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"Cromwell is a small well-built village and parish, on the Great North Road, five miles north of Newark, and contains 190 inhabitants and 1,350 acres of land, which were exonerated from tithe at the enclosure in 1772, when 240 acres were awarded to the rector in lieu of tithes.
It was anciently the seat of the Cromwell family, one of who was the Lord Treasurer Cromwell, who lived in great splendour at Tattershall Castle, in Lincolnshire, in the reign of Henry VI. The Duke of Newcastle is the principal owner, lord of the manor, and patron of the rectory, which is valued in the King's books at £13 2s 3½d, now £420. The Rev. Charles John Fiennes Clinton is the incumbent, for whom the Rev. Samuel Turner officiates. The church is an ancient structure, with a tower and three bells, and has a neat rectory house near. There is a small school in the village, supported by the rector. The feast is on the first Sunday after the 12th of September."
[WHITEs "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

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Cemeteries

J. HANNAN-BRIGGS has a photograph of St Giles' churchyard on Geo-graph, taken in December, 2015.

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Census

  • The parish was in the Kneesal sub-district of the Southwell Registration District.
     
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
     
Census
Year
Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 865
1861 R.G. 9 / 2474
1871 R.G. 10 / 3537
1891 R.G. 12 / 2710
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Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Giles.
     
  • The church was thoroughly restored in 1873.
     
  • The church seats 200.
     
  • Chris ALLEN has a photograph of the Church of St. Giles on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2011.
     
  • Christine HASMAN has a photograph of the Church of St. Giles on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2004.
     
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph from the other end of St. Giles Church on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2006.
     
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Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register, which is in fair condition, dates from 1650 for baptisms, 1654 for marriages and 1653 for burials.
     
  • The Family History Library has the Marriages at Cromwell, 1654 - 1837 on microfilm #0496705.
     
  • The Bishop's transcripts go back to 1626.
     
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Collingham.
     
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Civil Registration

  • The parish was in the Kneesal sub-district of the Southwell Registration District.
     
  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.
     
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Description & Travel

This village and parish are 130 miles north of the city of London and 5 miles north of Newark-on-Trent. The parish covers 1,170 acres

If you are planning a visit:

  • The A1 motorway passes through the edge of the village, just north of Newark-on-Trent.
     
  • Alan MURRAY-RUST has a photograph of the Village Sign on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2012.
     
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of the Village Hall on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2012. Stop in and ask for a schedule of forth-coming events.
     
  • Julian P. GUFFROG has a photograph of a Monkey Puzzle Tree on Geo-graph, taken in December, 2015.
     
You can see pictures of Cromwell which are provided by:

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Gazetteers

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Cromwell has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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History

The Romans were here. Richard CROFT has a photograph of the Roman bridge memorial on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2015.

The Milestone Brewery is an interesting pub with a long history. Alan MURRAY-RUST took this picture in July, 2014.

Paul SHREEVE has a photograph of the Vina Cooke Doll Museum in Cromwell on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2009.

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Maps

  • See our Maps page for additional resources.

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK798617 (Lat/Lon: 53.146476, -0.808338), Cromwell which are provided by:

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Military History

The Great War Bulletin for December 7, 1914 tells us that two men of Cromwell had been appointed as "Special Constables" to assist the police force in the event of a German invasion: N. NURCOMBE and George DAKIN, both farmers.

Cromwell is a "Thankful Village", having lost no men to combat in World War I. In addition, none of the men who served in WW II were killed, either. The village did lose one civilian who was visiting Newark and who died in a German air-raid on that city.

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Politics & Government

  • This place was an ancient parish in Nottingham county, and it became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.
     
  • The parish was in the ancient Thurgarton Wapentake (Hundred) in the northern division of the county.
     
  • The citizens of this parish have elected to forgo the traditional parish council and, instead, have periodic Parish Meetings of the citizens.
     
  • District governance is provided by the Newark and Sherwood District Council.
     
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Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Newark petty session hearings every other Wednesday.
     
  • The Common Lands were enclosed here in 1772.
     
  • After the Poor Law Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a part of the Southwell Poor Law Union.
     
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Population

 Year Inhabitants
1801 203
1831 184
1851 190
1861 154
1901 111
1911 157