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Harworth

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"Harworth Parish is situated at the western verge of the county, betwixt Blyth and Tickhill, and contains upwards of 7,000 acres of land and 1,198 inhabitants, although those who live in Styrrup and Oldcoates are all returned with Blyth parish, in which part of that township is comprehended. The hamlets of Hesley and Limpool, Martin and Serlby are all in this parish, and maintain their poor conjointly with Harworth, which is the only part of the parish exonerated from tithe at the enclosure in 1804, when 108a 1r 36p was awarded to the vicar, and 115a 3r 21p in lieu of the great tithes, appropriated to Shrewsbury Hospital, in Sheffield Park, of which the Duke of Norfolk is trustee. Harworth is a pleasant village, with a small stream running through it, 2 miles east-south-east of Tickhill, and 3 miles west-south-west of Blyth. It contains 595 inhabitants and 1,428a 3r 2p of land, principally belonging to Lord Galway.
The church, dedicated to All Saints, is an ancient fabric, built about the 12th century, except the chancel, which was erected in 1672. In repairing the building in 1828, an arched recess was discovered in the wall, with a cupboard containing a garland, a cribbage board, and several other articles of a more sacred character. At the same time a handsome cross was found in the churchyard, and is now placed above the east window.
The Duke of Norfolk is patron of the vicarage, which is valued in the king’s books at £5. 9s. 7d., now at £687., and is enjoyed by the Rev. Charles Eboral Rodgers, M.A."
[WHITE's "Directory of Nottinghamshire," 1853]

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Archives & Libraries

The Library at Worksop will prove useful in your research.

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Census

  • The parish was in the Carlton sub-district of the Worksop Registration District.
     
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
     
Census
Year
Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 849
1861 R.G. 9 / 2420
1871 R.G. 10 / 3461
1881 R.G. 11 / 3307
1891 R.G. 12 / 2645
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Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to All Saints.
     
  • The church was originally built in the 12th century.
     
  • The church chancel was rebuilt in 1672.
     
  • The church, with the exception of the tower, was rebuilt in 1869.
     
  • The church seats 400.
     
  • The church is a Grade II structure with British Heritage.
     
  • Richard CROFT has a photograph of All Saints' Church on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2006.
     
  • David KELLY has another view of All Saints' Church on Geo-graph, taken in September, 2002.
     
  • All Saints' Church, Harworth.
     
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Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1538.
     
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Retford No. 1.
     
  • The Wesleyan Methodists had a chapel built in Oldcotes in 1840.
     
  • The Methodist Church, Harworth.
     
  • The Catholic Church built a chapel in Oldcotes in 1871 dedicated to Saint Helen. There may have been a chapel that proceded this one.
     
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Civil Registration

  • The parish was in the Carlton sub-district of the Worksop Registration District.
     
  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.
     
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Description & Travel

Harworth is a large village and a parish in the north-west of Nottinghamshire on the border with Yorkshire. It lies 150 miles north of London, 2 miles south-east of Tickhill and 9 miles north of Worksop. The River Idle flows through the parish. The parish covers 4,000 acres and includes most of the townships of Styrrup and Oldcotes (or Alcoates) and the hamlets of Norney, Plumtree, Serlby and Martin. Bircotes is a relatively new hamlet founded in the 1920s after the discovery of coal in the area.

If you are planning a visit:

  • By automobile, take the A1 between Doncaster and Blyth.
     
  • Neil THEASBY has a photograph of the Village Sign in Tickhill Road on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2016.
     
  • Neil Theasby also has a photograph of the Styrrup hamlet sign on Geo-graph, taken in December, 2020.
You can see pictures of Harworth which are provided by:

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Directories

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Gazetteers

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Harworth has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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History

The ancient parish Feast was held on November 1st.

Ian S. has a photograph of the Gamecock Hotel in Bawtry Road on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2011.

Alan MURRAY-RUST has a photograph of the Blacksmiths Arms on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2014.

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Manors

  • Serlby Hall was the seat of Viscount Galway, lord of the manor. It stood 2 miles north of the village
     
  • Michael PATTERSON has a photograph of Serlby Hall on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2006.
     
  • Jonathan THACKER has a photograph of Styrrup Hall on Geo-graph, taken in August, 2016.
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Maps

  • See our Maps page for additional resources.

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK614917 (Lat/Lon: 53.418538, -1.077612), Harworth which are provided by:

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Military History

  • The War Memorial is a Grade II structure with English Heritage.
     
  • J. THOMAS has a photograph of the War memorial on Geo-graph, taken in August, 2011.
     
  • Alan MURRAY-RUST has another photograph of the War memorial alongside the Main Street on Geo-graph, taken in November, 2014.
     
  • RAF Bircotes was built within the South Yorkshire border on land that had formerly been part of Nottinghamshire. The airfield opened in late 1941. The field closed in 1948.
     
  • A unit of Gurhkas was stationed here in World War 2
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Military Records

The Nottinghamshire Archives has a booklet, "Members of the Parish of Harworth who died in the Great War of 1914-1918 and are buried abroad", (ref PR 8446).

There are eleven names listed on the Harworth War Memorial. This list is from the Nottinghamshire Gov. site.

  1. pte. Frank Arrand
  2. pte. John Percival Tennison Ashbridge
  3. Srgt. Percy George Broomhead Cooper
  4. pte. Fred Dawson
  5. pte. John Williamson Gilbank
  6. gnr. Joseph Gray
  7. pte. George Hatfield
  8. pte. Arthur Kipling
  9. pte. Frederick Makins
  10. Srgt. James Arthur Sharpe
  11. 2nd Lt. Oliver Wakefield

Lt. WAKEFIELD, above, was born in New Zealand. Srgt. COOPER's name also appears on the Worksop War Memorial. John P. ASHBRIDGE appears to have dropped his first name at enlistment. His elder brother, Walter, was a prisoner of war, interned in Germany.

There is a WW2 Commonwealth War Grave in the churchyard for Srgt. Harry LEWIS, RAF Volunteer Reserve, who died 12 October 1944. He was the son of Albert Edward LEWIS, and of Edna LEWIS, of Bircotes.

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Names, Geographical

Harworth was recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book as Hareworde.

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Politics & Government

  • This place was an ancient parish in Nottinghamshire and became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.
     
  • The parish was in the Hatfield division of the ancient Bassetlaw Wapentake (Hundred) in the northern division of the county.
     
  • In April, 1935, this parish was reduced by 521 acres which went to Blyth Civil Parish.
     
  • The hamlet of Bircotes is part of this Civil Parish.
     
  • The citizens of this parish are represented by the Harworth & Bircotes Town Council.
     
  • District governance is provided by the Bassetlaw District Council.
     
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Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Worksop petty session hearings.
     
  • The Hospital of St. Mary Magdalen was founded around 1390 by Robert MORETON. In 1635 it held two poor widows. The hospital had a chapel where the founder was buried.
     
  • Enclosure of the Common Lands took place in 1804.
     
  • After the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, this parish became part of the Worksop Poor Law Union.
     
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Population

 Year Inhabitants
1801 270
1821 395
1831 526
1851 595
1861 925
1871 632
1881 549
1891 593
1901 554
1911 579
1921 865
1951 7,621
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Schools

  • A National School was built in Harworth in 1705. Construction was funded by Robert BRAILSFORD.
     
  • Mrs. Mary SAUNDERSON funded the school above in 1724.
     
  • The National School was enlarged in 1876 to hold 110 children.
     
  • A National School was built in Oldcotes in 1836.
     
  • A Catholic School was built in Oldcotes prior to 1881.