White's Directory of Nottinghamshire, 1853
Kinoulton and Lodge-on-the-Wolds
Kinoulton is a large village and parish on the Grantham Canal, under the eastern declivity of the Wolds, 7 miles south-west by south of Bingham, and 10½ miles south-wast of Nottingham. It contains 405 inhabitants and 3,071 acres of land, mostly belonging to the lord of the manor, Henry Nevile Esq., with about 260 acres belonging to Thomas Black, William Day and Henry Martin Esqs. In 1849 there was a rent charge in lieu of the tithes.
History of the Manors
The village was anciently called Newbold, and was a chapelry to the mother church, which was dedicated to St Wilfred, and stood on a lofty eminence, more than half a mile west of the village, where it was long in ruins, and was taken down about the year 1793, when the Earl of Gainsborough, then lord of the manor, erected the present church. The manors of Kinoulton and Newbold were of the fees of Walter D'Ayncourt and William Peveril, and were successively held by the Villiers, Foljambes, Plumptons, Cliftons, Bugges and Noels, from the latter of whom they passed to the late lord, C.H. Nevile Esq., who assumed the name of Noel, on succeeding to the estates of Henry Noel, the last Earl of Gainsborough, who died without issue in 1796.
The present church is nearly in the centre of the village. It is a neat brick structure, has a handsome gallery, and a tower 63 feet in height, which contains five bells. The Archbishop of York is the appropriator, and also patron of the vicarage, which has 15a 2r of glebe, and is valued in the King's books at £7 18s 11d, now £160. The small tithes were commuted for upwards of £200 a few years ago. The Rev. T. Charlewood is the incumbent, and resides at the vicarage, which was rebuilt on a new site in 1850. The vicar has the power to hold a civil court, to punish any offences committed against his church. He also has power to grant marriage licences, and hold a probate court for proving wills belonging to his own parish, without the consent of any other authority. Benjamin Hawkridge Esq. is the registrar.
On a piece of land called the Old Grange, there stood a palace in 1687, which was occupied by Cranmer, then Bishop of Llandaff. A few years ago a stone causeway was taken up, which led from the palace to the old churchyard, in which are several head stones, and a stone coffin is now visible. A large granite stone, which had laid for many ages upon the hill, about half a mile north-east of the old church, was removed about twenty years ago into the village, and has lately been taken to the new buildings erected on Pasture Hills, which is occupied as a farmstead by John Bonser. A chalybeate spring upon the hill, on the west side of the village, is said to possess considerable medicinal virtues.
The Wesleyan Chapel in the village was rebuilt in 1831, in which there is a Sunday School. In 1847, a neat parish school, with a house for the mistress, was erected by H. Nevile Esq., the present proprietor. The parish feast is held on the Sunday before the 29th of October, and two sick clubs in the village hold their festivals on Whit Wednesday and Thursday.
This is an extra-parochial liberty, upon the Roman Fosseway, 8½ miles south-east of Nottingham. It contains only one house, seven inhabitants, and 25 acres of land occupied by William Randall, but belonging to Henry Cole Bingham Esq. Stukeley says that in 1724 there was an inn here
"under a great wood, upon the declension of a stiff clayey hill. Here the pavement upon the Roman road is very manifest, of great blue flag stones, laid edgeways very carefully. The quarries from whence they took them are upon the side of the hill".
The pavement is two feet broad, and in some places is so sunk in the Fosse, that an army might be marched without observation for many miles.
[Transcribed by Clive Henly]