Archives & Libraries

The Library at Worksop will prove useful in your research.

Manuscripts and Special Collections at The University of Nottingham holds a number of collections relating to the Portland family of Welbeck Abbey, the two most significant being the Portland (Welbeck) Collection (Pw) and the Portland (London) Collection (Pl).



  • The parish was in the Worksop sub-district of the Worksop Registration District.
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
Census Piece No.
1841 H.O. 107 / 852
1861 R.G. 9 / 2419
1871 R.G. 10 3460
1881 R.G. 11 3306
1891 R.G. 12 / 2644

Church History

  • Welbeck Abbey was a monestery of Premonstration canons. The Abbey was founded in 1140.
  • The Abbey was converted to a country house after the Dissolution (1539) and became a seat of the CAVENDISH family in the 17th century.
  • If you visit the Abbey, ask about the tunnels.
  • David PICKERSGILL has a photograph of Welbeck Abbey on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2012.
  • The webpage author could find no record of an Anglican parish church here.

Church Records

  • This parish is not included on the International Genealogical Index (IGI).
  • People from this parish attended, married, baptised, etc. at St. Mary's Church, Cuckney.

Civil Registration

  • The parish was in the Worksop sub-district of the Worksop Registration District.
  • Civil Registration started in July, 1837.

Description & Travel

Welbeck is a village and a parish about 3.5 miles south-west of Worksop. The parish covers about 2,400 acres.

If you are planning a visit:

  • By automobile, take the A60 between Mansfield and Worksop.
  • There is a caravan park near "Great Lake".
You can see pictures of Welbeck which are provided by:






Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Welbeck has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



David PICKERSGILL has a photograph of Wellbeck Abbey on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2012. The Abbey is a privately owned property by descendants of the Duke of Portland. Home of the School of Artisan Foods and the Welbeck Abbey Brewery.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire visited Welbeck Abbey just months before his assassination. He had been out shooting game with his host, the Duke of Portland. The Archduke and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, had spent the week with King George V and Queen Mary at Windsor. Accepting an invitation from the Duke of Portland to stay at the palatial Welbeck Abbey, the couple arrived by train at Worksop, Nottinghamshire, on 22 November 1913. They were met that evening by limousines to take them to Welbeck Abbey. Waiting for them was an illustrious guest list; the Austro-Hungarian ambassador, the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire, Lord Curzon, the Marquis of Titchfield, Lord and Lady Salisbury and ex-Prime Minister Arthur Balfour. During his stay the Archduke had a brush with death which could have turned these later events on their head. As recalled in his memoirs Men, Women and Things, the Duke of Portland was out shooting pheasants with Franz Ferdinand when:

"One of the loaders fell down. This caused both barrels of the gun he was carrying to be discharged, the shot passing within a few feet of the archduke and myself. I have often wondered whether the Great War might not have been averted, or at least postponed, had the archduke met his death then and not at Sarajevo the following year."

Despite the narrow escape, the couple stayed for a week before continuing their travels.



  • Welbeck Abbey was the seat of the Duke of Portland.  Much of the structure is below ground level.


  • See our Maps page for additional resources.

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK564742 (Lat/Lon: 53.261811, -1.155945), Welbeck which are provided by:


Military History

  • After the Second World War, Welbeck House was leased to the Ministry of Defense and operated as "Welbeck College," an army training college until 2005.
  • There is a Roll of Honor framed and mounted in the Welbeck Club of the Welbeck Estate.

Politics & Government

  • This place was an ancient extra-parochial area in Nottinghamshire and became a modern Civil Parish around 1862.
  • This place was a part of the ancient parish of Cuckney.
  • The parish was in the Hatfield division of the ancient Bassetlaw Wapentake or Hundred in the northern section of the county.
  • District governance is provided by the Bassetlaw District Council.

Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Worksop petty session hearings.
  • As a result of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act, the parish became part of the Worksop Poor Law Union.


 Year Inhabitants
1801 66
1841 86
1861 12
1871 49
1881 72
1891 71
1901 97
1911 104
1921 77
1931 120