WELLINGTON AND NEIGHBOURHOOD
The following text and names have been taken from Pigot and Co.'s National Commercial Directory of Devon.
Published by J. Pigot & Co. 17, Basing-Lane, London, & Fountain-St, Manchester: 1830
Wellington is an ancient and respectable market-town, in the parish of its name and hundred of West Kingsbury; 152 miles from London, 57 from Bath, and seven from Taunton; situated on the high road from Bath and Bristol to Exeter, Devonport, &c.
The manufactures consist of serges and druggets, the former at one time employing a great number of hands. By its situation on the grand western canal, it enjoys the advantage of water-carriage, both for the manufactured articles and for the importation of coals and other necessaries. The anxiety to improve the Somersetshire towns has reached this place; and numerous alterations have been made, tending to give interest to and increase the respectability of Wellington; and others of magnitude are in contemplation-such as removing old buildings, paving the streets, erecting a new market-house, &c. The government of the town is vested in a portrieve or bailiff, and some inferior officers, elected at a court held annually for that purpose. This manor, for many centuries, was possessed by the bishops of Wells, who obtained from the crown a charter to hold two fairs and a market. The manor at present belongs to his Grace the Duke of Wellington, who takes his title from the town; - and, it may here be considered appropriate to give the other principal titles conferred upon the first General of the age; they are-
English - DUKE OF WELLINGTON, of Wellington; VISCOUNT WELLINGTON, of Talavera; and BARON DOURD, K.B. &C.
Spanish - GRANDEE OF SPAIN, OF THE FIRST CLASS; DUKE OF CUIDAD RODRIGO, &c..
Portugueze- MARQUIS OF TORRES VEDRAS, COND DE VIMIERA, KNIGHT OF THE GRAND CROSS OF THE ROYAL MILITARY ORDER of the TOWER & SWORD, &c.
At a short distance from the town, in a very commanding and beautiful situation, has been erected by public subscription a handsome pillar, to commemorate the signal victory obtained over the French at Waterloo.
The church, which is dedicated to St. John the Baptist, is a handsome Gothic structure, consisting of a nave, chancel, north and south aisles, and two small chapels; at the west end is a small embattled tower, with pinnacles and a turret on the south side. In the chapel, on the south side of the church, is a magnificent tomb, surrounded with a palisade of wood and iron, on the table of which lie the effigies of Sir John Popham and his lady; Sir John is dressed in his judge's robes, chains, and a small square black cap: on the lower basement, at the head and feet, are four other small figures of two men and two women kneeling face to face; on the north side of the same base are five boys and eight girls, dressed in black, kneeling in the same manner; over Sir John and his lady is a superb arched canopy, ornamented with a variety of carved work; and the whole supported by eight round columns of black marble, five feet high, with Corinthian capitals, coloured green and gilt; - on the west side of the canopy is the following inscription: " Sir John Popham, Kinght, Lord Chief Justice of England, and of the Honourable Privie Council to Queen Elizabeth, and after to King James, died the 10th of June, 1607, aged 76, and is here interred." This monument is highly worthy the attention of the curious in sepulchral ornaments. The living is a vicarage; the Rev. Robert Jarratt is the present incumbent, and the patron the Rev. Wm. Prockter Thomas, who is building a chapel at his own expense at the west end of the town, which is to be dedicated to the Holy Trinity. The other places of worship are a baptist, a Wesleyan, and an independent chapel, and a friends' meeting house. The principal charity is an hospital, founded and endowed by Sir John Popham (who was a great patron and benefactor to this town), for six poor and aged men and the like number of women. The market is held on Thursday, and is exceedingly well supplied with all sorts of provisions - it is also a large one for corn; the fairs take place on the Thursday before Easter and the Thursday before Whitsuntide. The entire parish of Wellington contained, by the last parliamentary returns, 4,170 inhabitants.
POST OFFICE, South st., John Butler, Post Master, - Letters from LONDON, &c. arrive every afternoon at half-past 3, & are despatched every morning at half-past ten. - Letters from DEVONPORT and the West of England arrive every morning at half-past ten, and are despatched every afternoon at half-past three.
The selected list of inhabitants of Wellington in the Pigot's directory was split-up under occupations. The following list of inhabitants in surname order has been compiled by using the occupation headings which means that it is not always clear exactly what the person's occupation was, e.g. George Abbott is listed under the heading Grocers & Tea Dealers. For the purposes of the following list, he has been described as grocer and/or tea dealer.
ABBOTT George, South st, grocer and/or tea dealer
ALLEN Jobs, High st, basket maker
ALLWAY William, High st, shopkeeper and/or dealer in sundries
AUSTIN John, High st, boot and shoe maker
BAKER James, Fore st, baker
BAKER James, Fore st, maltster
BAKER James, Mantle st, baker
BAKER James, Rockwell green, blacksmith
BAKER John, South st, baker
BAKER Thomas, South st, tallow chandler and/or soap maker
BAYNES Joseph, South st, rev.
BELLETT Hugh, Rockwell green, grocer and/or tea dealer and draper
BELLETT Hugh, Rockwell green, tallow chandler and/or soap maker
BELLETT Richard Baron, Sampford Arundel, esq.
BELLETT William, Sampford, gent.
BESLY William, High st, acadamies and schools
BESLY William, High st, shopkeeper and/or dealer in sundries
BISHOP Peter, Fore st, Three Cups tavern or public house
BLACKMORE James, Fore st, baker
BLACKMORE James, Rockwell green, baker
BLACKMORE Jas., Fore st, carpenter and/or joiner and builder
BLACKMORE Thos., Rockwell grn, millwright
BRIDGE Stephen, Fore st, surgeon
BROCK Daniel, Fore st, hatter
BROOKS John, High st, saddler and/or harness maker
BROOM John, South st, tailor and draper
BROWN John, High st, Eight Bells tavern or public house
BUBEAR William, Mantle st, rope, twine and/or sack maker
BUSTON Samuel, OAK MILLS, miller
BUTLER John, South st, post master
CADBURY William, South st, esq.
CALWAY John, High st, tailor
CALWAY Richard, Mantle st, cooper
CHADWELL James, to Exeter and the West of England, carrier
CHADWELL James, to London, Taunton, Bridgwater, Bath & Bristol, carrier
CHADWELL James, to Tiverton, South Moulton and Barnstaple, carrier
CHADWELL James, to Wiveliscombe and Milverton, carrier
CHERRY George, Fore st, printer, bookseller, and stationer
CHORLEY William and Son, High st, painter and/or plumber and/or glazier
CLARKE James, South st, stone mason and builder
CLARKE Mrs James, South st, milliner and/or dress maker
CLAY William, Fore st, Castle Inn
CLEMENT James, South st, cooper
COOKSON Christopher, Nowers, capt.
COOPER Thomas, High st, carpenter and/or joiner
COSWAY Philip, High st, cabinet maker
COTTRELL John, Rockwell green, rope, twine and/or sack maker
CRAZE John, Fore st, glover
CRAZE Mary, Fore st, milliner and/or dress maker
CUFF John H., rev., South st
CULME Ann S., Wellington court house, mrs
CULVERWELL Henry, North st, baker
DAVEY John, Fore st, tailor
DAY and RANDOLPH, Woodlands, attorneys
DENNIS Ann, Mantle st, shopkeeper and/or dealer in sundries
DENNY Edward, Were's cottage, sir
DYER Jos, High st, White Hart (& posting)
ELWORTHY Wm. & Thos., Westford, woollen manufacterers and/or woolstaplers
FARRANT Samuel, Fore st, linen & woollen draper
FLOOD Mary, Fore st, straw hat maker
FLOOD William, Westford, miller
FOURACRE John, Mantle st, Ship tavern or public house
FOX brothers, Wellington, woollen & worsted manufacturers and/or woolstaplers
FRY Elizabeth, Rockwell green, linen draper
FRY Hannah, Rockwell green, Clock tavern or public house
FURZE Richard, Fore st, brazier and/or tin man
GADD William, High st, King's Arms
GAY John, Fore st, currier and leather cutter
GILLARD William, High st, acadamies and schools
GILLARD, High st, mrs. acadamies and schools
GOVETT James, Andersays, lieut.
GREEDY John, Mantle st, baker
GREEDY Robert, Mantle st, boot and shoe maker
GREENSLADE James, Fore st, boot and shoe maker
HADDON Isaac Deacon, High st, linen draper
HANDFORD Thomas, Fore st, maltster
HAWKINS Robert, High st, Swan tavern or public house
HAWKINS Robert, Rockwell green, wheelwright
HAYCRAFT Samuel, High st, painter and/or plumber and/or glazier
HEWISH William, Fore st, saddler and/or harness maker
HEWS Henry, High st, boot and shoe maker
HILL William, Fore st, cooper
HOLDITCH Edward, Woolcombe, rev.
HOLLEY John, Fore st, carpenter and/or joiner and builder
HOLWAY Israel, Mantle st, boot and shoe maker
HOLWAY Richard, Rockwell green, wheelwright
HORSEY Richard, High st, rev.
HORSEY William Day, High st, branch of Stuckey's Banking Company
HORSEY William Day, High st, grocer and/or tea dealer
HORSEY William Day, High st, linen & woollen draper (and stamp office)
HORSEY William Day, High st, SUN fire, &c. agent
HOUSE Robt., High st, Duke of Wellington tavern or public house
HUMPHREY William, Fore st, chymist and druggist
JANES Joseph, Mantle st, wheelwright
JARRATT Robert, High st, rev.
JEWELL Sarah, Rockwell green, shopkeeper and/or dealer in sundries
JONES William, Foxdown, esq.
JONES William, Rockwell green, saddler and/or harness maker
KIDGELL Richard, High st, surgeon
KINGDON John, South st, saddler and/or harness maker
LANGLEY Humphrey, High st, surgeon
LIDDON Amos, Fore st, chymist and druggist and apothecary
LOCK James, Fore st, pork butcher
LYDDON Richard, South st, attorne
LYDDON Sarah, Fore st, Squirrel Inn (& posting)
MANLEY Benjamin, Rockwell green, blacksmith
MARSHALL William, High st, china, glass, &c. dealer
MARSHALL William, High st, grocer and/or tea dealer
MILTON William, Rockwell green, boot and shoe maker
MORRISH William, Ash Mills, baker
MORRISH William, ASH MILLS, miller
MULES James, High st, rev
MULLETT and PARSONS, Fore st, chymist and druggist
OLIVER Daniel, High st, watch maker
OSMOND Israel, Fore st, brazier and/or tin man
PAIN John, South st, boot and shoe maker
PAIN Lucia, Fore st, milliner and/or dress maker
PARRY Henry, Mantle st, baker
PARSONS James, Fore st, ironmonger
PARSONS James, High st, carpenter and/or joiner
PARSONS James, High st, maltster
PARSONS Thomas, High st, carpenter and/or joiner
PARSONS, Fore st, the Misses
PAYNE William, Fore st, saddler and/or harness maker
PERCEY Thomas, South st, Bell tavern or public house
PERRY James, Mantle st, blacksmith
PLASE William, South st, tailor
POOLE Burnet Minifie, Gyles', attorney
PRING Ann, High st, milliner and/or dress maker
PRING John, South st, baker
PYNE William Collard, High st, surgeon
RALPH John, South st, tailor
RICE Thomas, North st, shopkeeper and/or dealer in sundries
ROBERTS Jonathan, High st, baker
RODHAM William, South st, attorney
RODHAM William, South st, gent.
ROWE Isaac, Fore st, tailor
SALTER James, South st, painter and/or plumber and/or glazier
SANFORD Edward Ayshford, Ninehead court, esq.
SELLICK Maria, High st, confectioner
SERCOMBE George, Fore st, hair dresser and perfumer
SHARLAND John Market st, currier and leather cutter
SHARLAND John, Fore st, auctioneer
SHARLAND John, Fore st, WEST OF ENGLAND fire, &c. agent
SHARLAND John, Fore st, wine and/or spirit dealer
SIMPSON Robert, Mantle st, linen and woollen draper
SIMPSON Robert, Mantlr st, COUNTY (fire) and PROVIDENT (life) agents
SIMPSON Robt., Mantle st, tailor & draper
SLADE, High st, captain
SNELLGROVE Hy., R.N., Painton, capt.
SOUTHERWOOD Jos., South st, Green Dragon tavern or public house
SPARKS William, South st, baker
STEVENS John, High st, blacksmith
STONE Richard, High st, boot and shoe maker
STRADLING James, South st, grocer and/or tea dealer
STRADLING James, South st, linen draper
STRADLING John, Fore st, china, glass, &c. dealer
STRADLING John, Rockwell green, blacksmith
STRADLING William, Mantle st, grocer and/or tea dealer
STUBBS Benjamin, High st, baker
STUBBS Thomas, Buckwell, stone mason
STUDLEY Edward, South st, painter and/or plumber and/or glazier
SYMES John, North st, attorney
SYMES John, North st, NORWICH fire, &c. agent
THOMAS William Prokter, Drake's place, rev.
THORNE Richard, High st, maltster
TOTTERDELL George, South st, wine and/or spirit dealer
TOTTERDELL James, Fore st, tallow chandler and/or soap maker
TOWELLS Frederic, Millway, Half Moon tavern or public house
TREMLETT James, Chetson, maltster
TRENCHARD Ephraim, South st, grocer and/or tea dealer
TRENCHARD Ephraim, South st, linen draper
TRICKEY Jane & Elizabeth, South st, acadamies and schools
TROOD Richard, Fore st, tanner
TWOSE John, Fore st, pawnbroker
TWOSE Wm., Millway, Market House Inn
WEBBER James, High st, linen & woollen draper
WEBBER James, High st, PROTECTOR fire, &c. agent
WEBBER Mrs James, High st, milliner and/or dress maker
WERE Thomas W., Fore st, gent.
WERE William, South st, gent.
WERE, Fore st, the Misses
WHITE Frederick, South st, attorney and master extra-ordinary in Chancery
WHITE John, Rockwell green, shopkeeper and/or dealer in sundries
WOOD David, Fore st, tailor
WOODWARD John, Mantle st, boot and shoe maker
YATES Joseph, High st, china, glass, &c. dealer
YATES Joseph, High st, grocer and/or tea dealer