POYNINGS is a parish, giving name to a hundred, in the Eastern division of the county, Lewes rape, archdeaconry and rural deanery, Steyning union, diocese of Chichester and county court district of Brighton. The church of the Holy Trinity is a large cruciform structure, with massive tower, erected in the fourteenth century. The register dates from 1558. The living is a rectory, tithes commuted at £273 per annum, with residence and 19 acres of glebe, and 70 acres belonging to the rectory of Poynings, in Pycombe parish, in the gift of the heirs of Lord Montague, and held by the Rev. Thomas Agar Holland, of Worcester College, Oxford. A new school-house has been erected by grants from the Crown, the Privy Council, andother public boards, and local subscriptions. The manor, and nearly the whole of the soil, belongs to the Crown. In thisvillage is situated that attractive chasm known as the Devil's Dyke: on the summit of the lofty range of hills, known as the South Downs, stands the well-known tavern the Dyke House, a place of resort for the lovers of beautiful scenery as well as pleasure-seeking parties from all parts of the world: its proximity to Brighton renders it a favourite drive or ride from that place. It is 6 miles north-west from Brighton, 3½ south-south-west from Hurstpierpoint, and 4½ from Hassock's Gate station. There is also a Baptist chapel. The area is 1,643 acres, and the population in 1861 was 261. [Kelly's Post Office Directory of Essex, Herts, Middlesex, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, 1867.]
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