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Horton

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"Horton is a small village on an eminence, three miles WNW of Leek, comprising within its parish the two townships of Horton with Horton-Hay, and Blackwood-with-Crowborough, which support their poor conjointly, and comprise 4860 acres and 967 souls. The common or Hay was enclosed about 1815, and has a thin, black and meagre soil. The manor of Horton includes the whole parish and also Rushton-James, Bagnall, Endon, Longsdon and Stanley. Gibbs Crawford Antrobus, Esq, is the lord of the manor, and holds a Court Leet on the Thursday before the wake, which is on the nearest Sunday to Old Michaelmas day. Horton Hall, the property of Mrs Watt, is an ancient stone mansion, occupied by J Gaunt, Esq.
Miss Bostock, J Challenor, Esq, and many smaller owners, have estates here.
On the eastern side of the parish is Rudyard Station and Hotel, on the Churnet Valley line, near the south end of Rudyard Lake.
Blackwood and Crowborough are two hamlets, from one to two miles W of Horton, and near them is the hamlet of Gratton."
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]

 

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Bibliography

'The Reades of Blackwood Hill in the Parish of Horton, Staffordshire.
A Record of Their Descendents, with a full description of Dr Johnson's Ancestry
His Kinsfolk and Family Connexions.'

by Aleyn Lyell Reade
Published 1906, by AL Reade, London.

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Census

The population of Horton parish was as follows:
1801 -- 752
1831 -- 970
1841 -- 967

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Churches

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Church History

"Horton Church, St Michael, is an ancient fabric, and the benefice is a perpetual curacy, in the incumbency of the Rev William Forster, BA, and patronage of GC Antrobus, Esq.
The parish has a Wesleyan and two small Primitive Methodist Chapels."
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]

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Church Records

Church of England Registers
The parish register of the parish church of St Michael commences in 1653. The original registers for the period 1653-1980 (Bapts), 1653-1992 (Mar) & 1653-1966 (Bur) are deposited at Staffordshire Record Office.
Bishops Transcripts, 1673-1872 (with many gaps) are deposited at Lichfield Record Office.

 

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Description & Travel

A transcription of the section on Horton from A Topographical History of Staffordshire by William Pitt (1817)

Conservation Area Appraisals for Horton  - interesting accounts of the areas, with excellent historical detail, numerous photographs and maps

Conservation Area Appraisals for Rudyard  - interesting accounts of the areas, with excellent historical detail, numerous photographs and maps

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Gazetteers

The transcription of the section for Horton from the Topographical Dictionary of England (1859)

The transcription of the section for Horton from the National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

The transcription of the section for Horton from the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Horton has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SJ928577 (Lat/Lon: 53.116583, -2.109762), Horton which are provided by:

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Poor Houses, Poor Law

Horton parish became part of Leek Union following the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834.