"Penkridge, a small but ancient town, nearly in the centre of the Cuttlestone Hundred, has a station on the London and North Western Railway, and is pleasantly situated six miles S of Stafford, and ten miles N of Wolverhampton. It gives name to a large union, a polling district, and a rural deanery, and derives its name from the River Penk, which passes it on the west, as the Staffordshire and Worcestershire canal does on the east. Bull Bridge, which here crosses the Penk by several small arches, was erected about 25 years ago, and about half a mile higher up the river is the ancient Cuttlestone Bridge, which gives name to this Hundred. Penkridge is undoubtedly a place of great antiquity. The town consists of several short streets and a spacious market place, but the market which was held every Tuesday, has been obsolete for years. Penkridge parish is very extensive, comprising about 16000 acres, but only 3129 inhabitants, residing in its four townships of Penkridge, Coppenhall, Dunston and Stretton. The three latter are also chapelries to Penkridge parish and there is a new church at Gailey.
Penkridge township comprises more than 12000 acres and is divided into four constablewicks; Penkridge Quarter; Levedale Quarter, which includes the hamlets of Drayton, Longridge & Preston; Pillaton Quarter, which comprises Line Hill, Otherton, Rodbaston, Water-Eaton, Gailey & Wolgarstone; and Whiston Quarter, which comprises Bickford, Congreve & Mitton.
Bickford is a hamlet and liberty, two and a half miles W of Penkridge, belonging to TW Gifford, Esq.
Congreve is a small village and estate, of 400 acres, one and a quarter miles SW of Penkridge, celebrated as the birthplace of the late Bishop Hurd. Richard Congreve, Esq, and Lord Hatherton are proprietors of this liberty, and the former is lord of the manor. The Congreves were seated here at an early period, and afterwards at Stretton. Of this ancient family was the poet Congreve and the late Sir William Congreve, created a baronet in 1812.
Drayton is a hamlet and manor, of 700 acres, one mile N of Penkridge, belonging to Lord Hatherton.
Gailey, or Gayley, is a hamlet and manor, three miles SSE of Penkridge, mostly the property of Lord Hatherton.
Levedale is a hamlet and constablewick, two miles NW of Penkridge. Lord Hatherton is owner of the soil and lord of the manor.
Line-Hill is a farm one mile S of Penkridge.
Longridge is a hamlet one and a half miles NW of Penkridge.
Mitton is a liberty of 600 acres, with 3 farmhouses and 2 cottages, two and a half miles W by N of Penkridge. The trustees of the late Samuel Addison, Esq, own nearly all the soil, but Lord Stafford is lord of the manor.
Otherton, one and a half miles SE of Penkridge, is another of Lord Hatherton's manors, and forms a constablewick, containing 3 farms and a few cottages.
Pillaton, or Pileton, one and a quarter miles SE of Penkridge, is another ancient manor with only 2 farms. It gives name to one Quarter of Penkridge township, and has been possessed for centuries by the Littleton family, who resided here till the late Sir Edward Littleton deserted the old hall, and erected a new one at Teddesley Hay.
Preston, one and a quarter miles W by N of Penkridge, is a liberty of 600 acres, belonging to Lord Hatherton.
Rodbaston is a hamlet, with 600 acres of land, two miles S of Penkridge. Lord Willoughby de Broke is lord of the manor, but Dr Charles Holland owns the hall estate. Water Eaton is a large hamlet and liberty of scattered houses, on the Watling Street, near Spread Eagle Railway Station, two and a half miles S of Penkridge, comprising about 2000 acres of land, mostly belonging to George Monckton, Esq, of Somerford, and Mr James Smith. It includes part of Calf Heath, which was enclosed about 40 years ago.
Whiston is a hamlet and liberty, two miles W of Penkridge, and gives name to one of the Quarters of that township. TW Gifford, Esq owns all the land and is lord of the manor.
Wolgarstone, half a mile E of Penkridge, is another hamlet and manor, belonging to Lord Hatherton.
The township of Coppenhall formed a chapelry to Penkridge parish and details can be found on the Coppenhall
The township of Dunston formed a chapelry to Penkridge parish and details can be found on the Dunston
The township of Stretton formed a chapelry to Penkridge parish and details can be found on the Stretton
parish page. "
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]