British History Online provides historical notes for Barton from The Later Records relating to North Westmorland by John F. Curwen (1932)
Cumbria County History Trust has published a "Jubilee Digest" for the townships of
Barton , Yanwath & Eamont Bridge and Sockbridge and Tirril
Barton is O.E. bere-tun grange for bear (barley).
Magna Britannica et Hibernia.Volume 6: Westmorland by Thomas Cox (Vicar of Bromfield, Essex) 45 pages, printed in 1731. Transcription by Sarah Reveley, Joan Fisher and Lisl Schoenwald. (Rootsweb Westmorland Listmembers) (c) 2003
"Barton, or as it is called in our Historians, Barton-Kirk, a Village situate on the River Eimot, almost at its coming out of the Lake called Ulleswater. The Parish wherein it is, is remarkably large, for it reaches from the Bounds of Rydal and Ambleside on the South to the River Loder, or Lowther, on the North fifteen or sixteen Miles. The Lordship of this Town did most antiently belong to the Lord Dacre of the North, for Ranulph de Dacre died possessed of it 13 Edw. III. His Posterity enjoyed it divers Successions, till Ranulph Lord Dacre, Brother of Thomas late Lord Dacre, firmly adhering to the House of Lancaster against the House of York, and being slain in Towton-field, by which Victory King Edward IV obtained the Throne, was attainted in the following Parliament, and all his Estates being forfeited to the Crown, that King gave them all to Sir Richard Fienes, or Fenys, his Chamberlain, who had married Joan the Daughter and sole Heir of the above mentioned Thomas Lord Dacre, accepting and declaring him by his Letters Patent Lord Dacre, and by his Grant settling upon him and his Wife Joan, and the Heirs of their Bodies, this Manor, and all other the Lands of Thomas Lord Dacre her Father, by the Attainder of the late Lord Dacre Ranulph, her Uncle. In this Family of Fienes this Lordship continued till 36 Eliz. Margaret Fienes transferred it by Marriage to Sampson Leonard, Esq: who thereupon claimed the Barony of Dacres, and obtained it. This Place is famous for the Births of two great Men, viz. Dr. Gerard Langbain, who from a poor Scholar in Queens College, Oxford, became first Fellow of the said House, where he was so eminent for all Kinds of Learning, and especially of Antiquities, that he was chosen by the University Keeper of the Archives or Records in 1644, and the next Year after Provost of his College; and in June following proceeded Doctor of Divinity. He was of a great Esteem for his Honesty and Skill in satisfying Doubts and composing Controversies. His great Learning rendered him acceptable to Archbishop Usher, Selden, and other Prodigies of Literature of his Time, and his Piety and publick Spiritness to all that knew him. He wrote several Things, but that which deserves to preserve his Memory here is, that a little before his Death, he settled twenty-four Pounds per Annum upon the Free-School of this Town, towards which he owned, that he had received twenty Pounds of a certain Doctor in Oxford, who desired to have his Name concealed. He died Febr. 10 1657-8. Dr. William Lancaster, late Provost also of the same College, was a Native of this Place, and on that Account, 'tis probable, was a considerable Benefactor to the School. Dr. Lancelot Daws, educated in Queens College, Oxford, where he was made Fellow, and being a studious Person, became a singular Ornament of his House. Removing from his College he became Minister of this his native Place, and being eminent in this Station, was raised to a Prebend in the Church of Carlisle, and further preferred to the Rectory of Ashby in this County. He submitted to the Men in Authority in the rebellious Times, but seems no Ways concerned in defending or maintaining their Transactions, but rather seems to have lamented the Disorders of his Time, by certain Sermons entitled, God's Mercies, and Jerusalem's Miseries. He was forty-eight Years Pastor of this Church, and died March 11 1653. He was buried under the Communion Table in the Chancel belonging to this Parish Church. Yanewith, a Lordship of the aforesaid Lord Clifford, of which he died possessed, and left as before. Near this Place the Loder joins the Eimot, where there is a large round Entrenchment, with a plain Piece of Ground in the Middle, and a Passage into it on either Side. It goes by the Name of King Arthur's Round Table; and it is possible enough that it might have been a Justing Place. However, it is clear, it could never have been a Place of Strength, because the Trenches are on the Inside. Near this is another great Fort of Stones, heaped up in the form of an Horse-shoe, and opening towards it, called by some King Arthur's Castle, and by others Mayburgh or Maybrough, of which Place see more above."