"DOWNTON, a parish and town in the hundred of Downton, in the county of Wilts, 7 miles S.E. of Salisbury, and 89 S.W. of London. It is situated in a valley on the river Avon, and contains the tythings of Charlton, Church, East Downton, Hamptworth, Wick, and Walton, besides Witherington and Langley Wood, extra-parochial places. The town, which contains between 3,000 and 4,000 inhabitants, consists principally of one long street, extending from E. to W. It was formerly a market town of some importance, and returned two members to parliament before the passing of the Reform Bill. It is ancient, and presents somewhat the appearance of decay, its trade having declined.
The inhabitants are chiefly employed in making straw-plait, malting, tanning, and brick-making, and in lime-burning. On the river Avon, which is here divided into three channels, each crossed by a bridge, are several grist and paper mills. The living is a vicarage with the curacy* of Nunton annexed, in the diocese of Salisbury, value £571, in the patronage of Winchester College. There are also the two district churches of Charlton and Redlynch, both perpetual curacies in the gift of the vicar. The parish church, dedicated to St. Lawrence, is an ancient structure, recently restored. The tower has been raised 30 feet above its former elevation. It contains monuments to Lord Feversham, of Downton, and other members of the Duncombe family.
The churches of All Saints and St. Mary are modern edifices, built in the ancient style, with stone belfry and spire. The Baptists, Wesleyans, and other Dissenting bodies have places of worship. The charities amount to about £50 per annum. There is a free grammar school, founded by Sir Joseph Ashe in 1679, and endowed with about £40 per annum; also National and British schools. There are a few remains of an ancient castle and an entrenched place, called Clerbury Camp, where King John's palace is believed to have stood. About 2 miles from Downton is Standlynch, or Trafalgar House, presented by the English nation to Nelson. Fairs are held on the 23rd April and 2nd October for horses, sheep, &c."
[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) - Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]
If you have been unable to find the 1841 census for this parish, Wiltshire and Swindon Archives website provides the answer as one of their Wiltshire History Questions.
|All Saints, Charlton All Saints|
|St Binius, Morgans Vale|
|St Laurence, Downton|
|St Mary, Redlynch|
|Downton Baptist Church, Downton|
|Downton Methodist Church, Downton|
|Good Shepherd and Our Blessed Lady Queen of Angels, Downton|
Common to all parishes is a White Horse Baptisms 1767-1804
The Downton Story. The story of a parish-sponsored mass emigration of paupers from Downton, Wiltshire to Upper Canada in 1836.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Downton to another place.
You can see the administrative areas in which Downton has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
- The entry for Downton from British History Online.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SU188213 (Lat/Lon: 50.991101, -1.733608), Downton which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- OldMaps (Old Ordnance Survey maps.)
- Old Maps Online (Other old maps.)
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- English Jurisdictions in 1851 (Unfortunately the LDS have removed the facility to enable us to specify a starting location, you will need to search yourself on their map.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)