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ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY.

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Data from the 'Collectio Rerum Ecclesiasticarum' from the year 1842.

The place: BISHOP WILTON.     Church dedication: ST. EDITH.     Church type: Peculiar. Discharged Vicarage.

Area, 7,280 acres. Harthill wapentake. Wilton Beacon *2. -Population, 831 *3; Church-room, sufficient ; Net value, £148. -At the time of Domesday Survey, there was a Church and a Priest at Bishop Wilton, and the manor was held by the Archbishop, who had there fifteen farmers, having seven ploughs.

The manor with three carucates of land was given by King Athelstan to the Archbishop of York, and was passed away to the Crown 36th Henry VIII. The Church was appropriated to the Prebendary of Wilton, who had jurisdiction over all the tenants at Wilton, and the towns within its parish, viz., Bolton, Besthorpe, Golthorpe, and Youlthorpe, and a Vicarage was ordained therein, on Ascension-day, 1311.

The Church was newly consecrated by Archbishop Zouch, who dying soon afterwards, the inhabitants of the town were sued by his executors in the Ecclesiastical Court for the sum of 47s. 8d., due by contract to the Archbishop for that consecration.

Patron and impropriator, Sir Tatton Sykes, Bart.

Torre gives a catalogue of the Vicars.

22nd September, A.D. 1441. Whereas, the feast of the dedication of the parish Church of Bishop Wilton was wont to be kept on the fifteenth of September yearly, now, in regard the said day of dedication fell in autumn, when people were busy about their harvest, John, Archbishop of York, then translated the said feast of dedication until the Sunday then next ensuing, every year solemnly to be celebrated.

In 1707, £6 per annum was raised by voluntary contributions for a monthly lecture.

Valued in the King's books, at £7. 3s. 5½d.; in the Parliamentary Survey, vol. xvii. page 382, it is stated : " Vicarage worth £3; impropriation in tithes, £150; glebe (16 oxgangs), £40;" and recommended that " Goulthorpe and Youlthorpe should be united to Full Sutton ;" -and in 1818, at £114. 10s. per annum.

Augmented in 1756, with £200; in 1787, with £200; and in 1795, with £200 -all by lot ; in 1797, with £200, to meet benefaction of £200 from Sir Christopher Sykes, Bart.; and in 1823, with £300 from the Parliamentary grant, to meet benefaction of £200 from Sir Mark Sykes, Bart., the patron.

Inclosure Acts were passed 9th Geo. III. (Youlthorpe); 9th Geo. III. (Bishop Wilton) ; and 50th Geo. III. (Gowthorpe.)

The glebe house is fit for residence.

The Register Books commence in 1613.

Charities:
Sir William Hilyard's charity, by will, dated 1st October 1632. rent charge of £8. 13s. 4d. 10s. per month to a preacher, for preaching a sermon in the Church every month, and 3s. 4d. to be distributed on that day to the poor in bread.

Poor's Land. 22a. 2r. 19p. of land. The rents are added to other charitable funds, and distributed in coals to poor persons, selected by the parish officers at the vestry meetings. It appears that in March 1822 there was a balance in hand of £8. 3s., for which credit was given in the trustees' account.

Wood's dole, vide Pocklington. 10s. per annum.

Benjamin Cobb's dole. 2s. 6d. per annum.

Jeremiah Cobb's dole. 1s. 8d. per annum.

Alexander Mitchell's dole. 2s. 4d. per annum.

Thomas and Ralph Sotherby's doles. £1 each.

Thomas Sanderson's dole. 3s. per annum.

Joy Best's dole, in 1793. 6s. 6d. This had not been paid at the time of the Report since 1793.

William Walgate's charity, by will. rent charge of 5s. per annum for bread for the poor on the Sunday after Holy Rood or Holy Cross ; and there is a sum of 3s., said to be given by Richard Walgate, for poor widows. The two sums were afterwards substituted for a money payment, which is applied as above.

In the returns of 1786, a rent charge of 5s. is mentioned as given by Henry Barnard, but the Commissioners could learn nothing of it.

Lost Benefactions. Two sums of £5 and £3 each were given by unknown benefactors, which are mentioned in the Return of 1786, of which the Commissioners could learn nothing. They also state that there are many small sums, together about £30, but that there is no trace of their repayment, and therefore presumed to be lost.

TOWNSHIP OF YOULTHORPE.

Wood's dole, vide Pocklington. rent charge of 1s. 8d. per annum to the poor.

Anonymous dole. There is a rent charge of 3s. 6d. mentioned in the Returns under the Act 26th Geo. III., as given to the poor of this township by an unknown benefactor. - Vide 11th Report, page 749.

Post town: Pocklington.


References:
Torre's MS. (Peculiars), page 1063. Abp. Sharp's MS., vol. ii. page 98. Bawdwen's Domesday Book (Wiltune, Widton), pages 11. 47 ; (Bodelton), 47.


Notes:
*1 There were two Saints of the name of Edith, one, daughter of King Edgar, who was Abbess and Patron Saint of Wilton Nunnery before 984, and another, daughter of King Egbright or Egbert II.

*2 Partly within the liberty of St. Peter of York.

*3 Viz. Bishop Wilton with Belthorpe, 622; Bolton, 103; and Youlthorpe with Gowthorpe, 106. -In 1834, the Population of the parish was only returned to be 690.


Other information:
ST. HELEN'S CHAPEL. - About 23rd Henry VIII., Sir William Bulmer, knight, settled several lands for the maintenance of a priest to say mass daily in the Chapel of St. Helen's, in Wilton, and to pray for him, his father, mother, and wife for ever ; which said priest and his successors shall be called the perpetual masters of St. Helen's Chapel, and appointed another priest to be his associate, who shall be named brother unto the said master; which said master shall have for his salary £4. 10s.; and the other priest, brother unto the aforesaid master, £4 per annum for his salary, payable by the churchwardens of Kirkleatham out of the profits of such lands he especially set apart for that purpose. Furthermore, he willed, that there be in the said Chapel four poor men and women to pray for him and his family daily, who shall have for themselves either meat, drink, and clothing, at the said Chapel, or else to each one penny per diem, at least.


References:
Torre's MS., page 1065.


Further information:
GOLTHORPE and YOLTHORPE, two other hamlets within this parish, wherein John de Melsa held one knight's fee of the Archbishop.


From the original book published by
George Lawton in 1842..
OCR and changes for Web page presentation
by Colin Hinson. © 2013.