EVERINGHAM: Geographical and Historical information from the year 1892.
Wapentake of Hartill (Holme Beacon Division) - County Council Electoral Division of Londesborough - Petty Sessional Division of Holme Beacon - Poor Law Union and County Court District of Pocklington - Rural Deanery of Weighton - Archdeaconry of the East Riding - Diocese of York.
This parish consists of the township of its own name, containing 2,980 acres, belonging solely, with the exception of 134½ acres of glebe, to Lord Herries, who is also lord of the manor. The surface is level, but diversified with woodlands. The soil is of a light sandy nature, with stiff clay in some places. Barley, rye, oats, wheat, and turnips are the general crops. The rateable value is £2,869, and the population in 1891 was 276.
The manor anciently belonged to a family that took its name from the place, who held it of the fee of the Archbishops of York, by the service of performing the office of butler at the archiepiscopal palace on the day of enthronisation. Adam, the last heir male of this family, who died in 1371, left only heirs general, and his estates passed into other hands. The family of Elys or Ellis next held the manor, and early in the 16th century it came into the possession of the Constables - a branch of the family of that name long settled at Flamborough. Sir Philip Constable, of Everingham, left a daughter and heir, Anne, who married William, second son of Sir Thomas Haggerston, of Haggerston Castle. Their grandson, William Haggerston-Constable, of Everingham, married Lady Winifred Maxwell, only surviving daughter and heir of William, Lord Maxwell, and grand-daughter of William Maxwell, Earl of Nithsdale and Lord Herries, who, having participated in Lord Derwentwater's ill-fated attempt in 1715 to replace the Stuarts on the throne, was convicted of high treason and sentenced to death. His lordship, through the heroic agency of his devoted countess, escaped from the Tower, and died in Rome in 1776. Marmaduke William, the eldest son and successor of William Haggerston-Constable and Lady Winifred Maxwell, assumed by royal license, the surname of Maxwell, and his son, William Constable Maxwell, the late owner of Everingham, in 1858 established his title to the barony of Herries, in the peerage of Scotland, and became Lord Herries. He married Marcia, daughter of the Hon. Sir Edward M. Vavasour, Bart., of Hazlewood, and had issue, besides the present peer, six sons and nine daughters. The present Lord Herries was created a peer of the United Kingdom in 1884.
The village is small, and stands amid beautiful sylvan scenery, five miles west of Market Weighton, and the same distance south of Pocklington. The name is said to be derived from St. Everildis, who established a religions house here about the middle of the seventh century. All traces of this convent have disappeared, nor has tradition preserved the memory of its site. Another and more probable derivation is Eofer, a boar, and also used as a personal name among the Anglo-Saxons. The descendants of Eofer were called Eofrings, and their clan settlement Eofringham, now Everingham. The church, called by Torre, and other writers of the 17th and 18th centuries, St. Emeldis, but said to have been originally dedicated to St. Everilda, is a plain edifice in the Norman style, consisting of nave and chancel of brick, and a western tower of stone, containing three bells. The nave and chancel were rebuilt in the latter part of the 17th century, and in 1871 the roof was taken off, and replaced by a new one of higher pitch. The east window is a memorial of Sir Charles and Lady Dodsworth and Philip and Esther Le Maistre, and in the nave are three stained glass memorials to the Rev. Philip Le Maistre, M.A., vicar of Trinidad and dean of San Francisco, who died in 1877. The register dates from the year 1634. The living is a rectory, gross yearly value £370, in the gift of W. and E. Gray, Esqrs. trustees, and held by the Rev. Sylvester John James Sullivan Le Maistre, M.A. At the enclosure in 1765, an allotment of 140 acres of land and a yearly modus of £80 were awarded in lieu of tithes.
Everingham Park is the seat of Lord Herries, Lord Lieutenant and Custos. Rotulorum of the East Riding. The mansion is a spacious structure of brick,with stone dressings, erected about a century ago. Attached to the mansion is a handsome Catholic church, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin and St. Everilda, erected in 1839 by the late Lord Herries. It is cruciform in plan, with an apsidal chancel at one end and an ante-chapel at the other. One transept forms the Lady Chapel and the other the sacristy. The church is lighted from the roof, which rests on Corinthian columns and pilasters, with an elegant entablature. Between the columns are statues and subjects in relief, representing the salient events in the life of our Lord; and standing on pedestals in various parts of the church are full length statues of the twelve apostles, the Blessed Virgin, St. Joseph, St. John the Baptist, and St. Everilda. The high altar is a magnificent piece of marblework. The font, curiously carved with birds and animals, supposed to be Saxon work, belonged originally to the parish church. The church was re-decorated at very considerable expense by the present noble owner in 1889. It will scat comfortably 250.
The park, covering 175 acres, is well wooded and stocked with deer. In the grounds is an artificial sheet of water, about eight acres in extent, which greatly enhances the beauty of the scenery.
The School and Convent were erected by Lord Herries in 1871. There is accommodation for 100 children, and an average attendance of about 60. It is conducted by the Sisters of Charity of St. Paul, and is almost entirely supported by his lordship. Post Office at Miss Ann Whitty's. Nearest Money Order and Telegraph Office, Holme-on-Spalding Moor (three miles.) Letters, via York, arrive at 8-5 a.m., and are despatched at 5-25 p.m., Sunday included.
At the end of the 1892 Directory for Everingham there is an entry for "Wilkinson Joseph, The Common farm".
Humphrey Needle states in 2009:
On the Directory page for Everingham it states that one of the farms, ie Common Farm was headed by Joseph Wilkinson but in fact was headed by John Thomas Laverack. Joseph Wilkinson was the head at Field Farm. The reason I know this to be certain, is that an ajoining farm, Blamire was run by my great great grandfather Joseph Thomas and his father before him and his father before him and was visited by my mother when she was a little girl and made friends with one of the daughters on Common Farm by the name of Clara Laverack. When grandmother was visiting Blamire, she wrote a letter (which I have in my possesion) to my mother telling her the news that here friend, Clara was very ill and that Lady Herries had been to visit her. I consequently searched to find how my mother and this Clara may have known each other and found the census form showing she lived on Common Farm where her father was the head.
[Description(s) from Bulmer's History and Directory of East Yorkshire (1892)]
- Transcript of the entry for the Post Office, professions and trades in Bulmer's Directory of 1892.
Scan, OCR and html by Colin Hinson. Checking and correction by Peter Nelson.