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ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY.

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Data from the 'Collectio Rerum Ecclesiasticarum' from the year 1842.

The place: HEMINGBROUGH.     Church dedication: ST. MARY.     Church type: Peculiar. Discharged Vicarage.

Area, 9,440 acres. Ouse and Derwent wapen-take. -Population, 1806 *1; Church-room, 650 *2; Net value, £85. -There was a Church and a priest at Hemingborough, at the time of the Domesday Survey.

This Church was given by William the Conqueror to the Prior and Convent of Durham, and their successors, who were patrons of it till the Dissolution. The patronage is now in the Lord Chancellor.

Impropriators, Messrs. Wilson, Tweedy and Co., bankers, York.

On the 19th July, A.D., 1356, this parish Church was appropriated to the said Prior and Convent by John Thoresby, Archbishop of York ; who, in consequence of the damage the Church of York sustained thereby, &c., reserved out of the fruits thereof, to him, and his successors, Archbishops, an annual pension of £3. 6s. 8d., and to the Dean and Chapter of York, another annual rent of £1. 13s. 4d., to be paid by the said Prior and Convent, for ever.

And on the 21st of July, A.D. 1356, the Archbishop ordained a Perpetual Vicarage in this Church, appointing the Vicar thereof to be at the presentation of the Prior and Convent of Durham, who should set out for his habitation a competent house, with its custelage and garden near the said Church, and pay to him and his successors £40 sterling per annum, at Martinmas and Pentecost, by equal portions. In respect of which he should bear all burdens, ordinary incumbent, on the Church, excepting the building or repairs of the choir, and all other extraordinary duties, which the said Prior and Convent should bear. For this purpose King Edward III. granted his licence to the Prior and Convent, upon condition that they find a Monk or Secular Chaplain to celebrate daily in the Church of Durham, in a place there called Galiley, for the soul of King Edward I. and his successors ; and two other Monks, or Secular Chaplains, to celebrate daily, one at the altar of St. Cuthbert there, and one in the Church of Hemingbrough, with a certain number of wax lights ; and that they observe the anniversary of King Edward III. in the quire of the Church, yearly, and on that day distribute to one hundred poor one penny each. But notwithstanding this the said ordination never took place, because the Prior and Convent could not procure the Pope's confirmation. Pope Gregory II. in A.D. 1370, wrote to the king to prevent this appropriation ; for which they had a patent from King Edward I. The Pope did not choose to confirm this appropriation, because from time to time, this being a rich Rectory, they appointed a person therein, by virtue of the provisions of the Apostolic fee. Thus it remained till A.D. 1426, and the following persons were Rectors, &c.

On the 26th October, A.D. 1426, 5th Henry VI., the King granted his royal licence to the Prior and Convent of Durham to erect, or cause the parochial Church of Hemingborough to be erected, into a college, consisting of one Provost or Warden, three Prebendaries, six Vicars, and six Clerks, with mother ministers, to celebrate divine service, for the good estate of himself while living, and for the anniversary, &c. afore-mentioned. Furthermore, granting that the said Provost or Custos, Prebendaries,Vicars, and Clerks, be for ever called the Provost, Prebendaries, Vicars, and Clerks of the Collegiate Church of St. Mary, at Hemingborough. So in November, in the same year, John Kempe, Archbishop of York, made his ordination of this parochial Church accordingly (as shall be particularised hereafter), reserving to the Prior and Convent of Durham an annual pension of five marks, anciently due out of the Church of Hemingborough, at the presentation of the Provosts, Canons, Vicars, &c., within the space of one month from their vacations, &c. And on the 19th of May, A.D. 1427, the Chapter of York consented to the erection of the same into a Collegiate Church, on the members thereof submit-ing to a former ordination made by John Thoresby, Archbishop, in 1356.

In November, A.D. 1426, the Archbishop ordained, at the appropriation of this Church, that it be a college, to consist of one provost or warden (custos), who shall be a canon of the same, in priest's orders, before he obtained the provostship ; and to have the whole care of the parishioners' souls, and full government of the fruits, rents, and revenues of the same Church, and be liable to support the following incumbrances of paying the Canons and Vicars, &c., and shall, for the greatest part of the year, make his personal residence in the said Church, and have for his portion forty marks per annum out of the fruits and profits of the Church.

On the 20th of March, A.D. 1479, Lawrence Booth, Archbishop of York, made this new ordination of this Collegiate Church, viz.: That the provost thereof (who shall have the principal care both of spirituals and temporals) shall keep residence in the same, at least thirteen weeks in the year, and shall receive all and singular the fruits, rents, and profits thereunto appertaining, and have the mansion-house of the Rectory, with the whole soil remaining, besides the mansion house of the vicars ; and shall pay the canons, vicars, and other ministers, &c., their salaries.

After the dissolution of the college, this provost had a pension of £13. 14s. 6d. per annum, which he enjoyed in A.D. 1553.

The aforesaid Archbishop also ordained that besides the provost there be three other canons prebendaries, to each of which the said provost is to pay yearly ten marks (nomine prebendae) at the annual feasts of Christmas, Lady Day, St. John the Baptist, and St. Michael, by equal portions ; each of whom are to reside personally thirteen weeks in every year, from the feast of St. Michael, either continually or by turns, and to receive of the provost, at the end of the year, ten marks (nomine residentiae). Moreover, in A.D. 1479, by Archbishop Lawrence Booth's new ordination, the provost was to pay £2. 13s. 4d. per annum to each canon for the corpse of his prebend.

At the aforesaid ordination of this church the Archbishop decreed that there be also therein six vicars (whereof two are to be chaplains of the chantries of Cliff and Wasse) then in the Church instituted, and be for ever called the Vicars of Cliff and Wasse ; which said Vicars of Cliff and Wasse shall go to masses and other canonical hours, in the habit conformable to the other Vicars ; each of which shall receive, by the hands of the Provost, two marks quarterly, in augmentation of their sustentation.

And, besides these two, he ordained that there be in the Church four Vicars, ministering in regular habits ; who, according to the ordination and command of the Provost, shall have under him the labour of the exercise of the cure of the souls of the parishioners of Hemingbrough; and have each of them for his portion ten marksper annum, paid them by the Provost, at the four terms of the year ; and every of these shall be Hebdomidaries according to the order of their turn. And in A.D. 1479, by a new decree, these Vicars shall have to their proper use, for ever, the one moiety of the titheable fuel called faggots or kids, which shall be cut down yearly within the parish of Hemingbrough.

Besides the Provost, Canons, and Vicars, there were ordained in this Collegiate Church four Clerks of the second form, (besides the two clerks carrying water, &c.) who shall be nominated by the Provost, and at his pleasure removed. Every one of which shall, for his sustentation, receive £2 per annum, by the hands of the Provost ; and the two aquae bajuli clerks shall be nominated by the parishioners, as they were wont of antient time, having an augmentation of their stipends ; and, to make them more diligent in their divine ministrations, one mark per annum paid by the Provost.

There was also a Chantry ordained in this Church, at the altar of St. Mary the Virgin, for the soul of Henry de Cliff, Canon of the Cathedral Church of York. (who died in A.D. 1332), which consisted of two Chaplains daily celebrating thereat : the patronage of whom was after the decease of the said Henry de Cliff and his executors, given to the Prior and Convent of Durham ; and on the 20th of March, A.D. 1479, the Chaplain of this Chantry of Cliff was to have 10s. per annum allowed him by the Provost in augmentation to his salary, to oblige his presence in the Church at divine service, on all festivals and days of nine lections.

The Church is valued in Pope Nicholas's taxation at £110 per annum ; in the Parliamentary Survey, vol. xvii. page 311, the Vicarage is valued at £20 per annum ; impropriation, at £270; and in 1818 the Vicarage at £96 per annum.

Augmented in 1810 with £200, and in 1814, with £1600, -both by lot from the Parliamentary grant.

Decrees in the Exchequer in Hilary Term, 40th Eliz., and also in Hilary Term, 45th Eliz. as to tithes are unreported.

Inclosure Acts were passed 51st Geo. III. (Osgodby) 1st Geo. IV. (South Duffield) and 1st and 2nd Geo. IV. explaining last mentioned Act *3.

No glebe house.

The Register Books commence in 1605, but the first four books are irregular and defective. -Vide transcripts in the registry of the Peculiar Court.

Charities:
TOWNSHIP OF HEMINGBROUGH. - John Allison's, and Joseph Underwood's gifts. The former left a rent charge of 40s. per annum, to be given in bread at the Church every Lord's day, and the latter gave a rent charge of 12s., as an addition thereto.

Widhouse's charity and doles. -William Widhouse, by deed, dated 14th March 1624, gave for the use of the poor a close at Hemingbrough called Proudfoot Close, and the following rents-charge have been given by persons unknown, -viz., 20s. a year out of Hagg Lane Close, and 10s. a year out of Northfield Close ; also Mr. Sharrow left 7s. a year out of Barmby Sieve Carr. The rent and doles are distributed among widows and other poor.

School Close. About two acres, donor unknown. The rent is applied in teaching four poor children to read.

TOWNSHIPS OF SOUTH DUFFIELD AND OSDGODBY.

Colam Closes. 7 acres ; given for the poor by some person unknown. At the time of the Report, William Haddlesey, Esq., acted as trustee, and the land was let for the fair annual value, and the rents distributed half-yearly.

TOWNSHIP OF CLIFF WITH LUND.

Poors Lands. -Donors unknown. -About ten acres ; the rents are distributed among widows and other poor not receiving regular parochial relief.

Payment to the Vicar. William Baxter, by will, in 1743, left a rent charge of 10s. per annum out of his estate at Cliff for preaching a sermon on Ascension Day.

The School. Mary Waud, by will, dated 17th June 1708, left £200 as an endowment for a school, and £20 for building a school house. The house was built, and the £200 were laid out in the purchase of 14a. 0r. 6p. of land, and in redeeming the land tax. There was also a fund amounting, at the time of the Report, to £270. 12s. 10d., of which £100 was a benefaction from Mr Whittall, and the residue arose from savings of income about 10s. per annum, being regularly set apart as an accumulation. The master's stipend is £30 per annum, for which he instructs thirty poor free scholars in reading, writing, and accounts. -Vide 11th Report, page 771.

OSGODBY. -(Parish of Hemingbrough.) -Here was a Chantry which was valued at the Dissolution at £5. 11s. 9d. per annum.

Post town: Selby.


References:
Torre's MS. (Peculiars), page 1263. Abp. Sharp's MS., vol. iii. page 56. Bawdwen's Domesday Book (Bardulbi), pages 62. 187; (Asgozbi), 10. 78; (Hamiberg), 11. Bodleian MS., No. 5078. Burton's Monasticon, with History of Hemingborough, page 435. Gen tleman's Magazine, vol. xciv. page 303. Mon. Angl., vol. vi. page 1375.


Notes:
*1 Viz. Hemingborough, 468 ; Barlby, 348 ; Brackenholme with Woodall, 69 ; Cliffe with Lund, 490; Menthorpe with Bowthorpe, 59; Osgodby, 170; and South Duffield, 202. There has been a decrease of 94 persons since the census of 1821. -In 1834, the return was 1,435.

*2 In 1818, the estimate was 780.

*3 It is the custom of the manor of Hemingbrough, that in default of male heirs, lands are not divided among females of the same degree of kindred, but descend solely to the eldest. -(Communicated by John Tweedy, Esq., one of the impropriators.)


From the original book published by
George Lawton in 1842..
OCR and changes for Web page presentation
by Colin Hinson. © 2013.