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HEMINGBROUGH

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HEMINGBROUGH, a parish in the Southern point of the wapentake of Ouse and Derwent; Pop. 500. The Church, peculiar, is dedicated to St. Mary (see Churches for photograph), was made collegiate in 1426, for a provost, three prebendaries, six vicars coral, and six clerks, but these privileges ceased with the dissolution, and it is now a discharged vicarage, in the deanry of Bulmer. Patron, the King.

Hemingbrough is remarkable for its church, which has a beautiful spire, rising 42 yards above the battlements, and forming a conspicuous object in this low and level country; and for there having been, according to Dr. Stukeley, a Roman fort at this place, which is indeed very probable, if not demonstrable, from part of an old wall on each side of the great west door of the church, of a style and grit different from all the rest. The situation too, of this wall greatly contributes to corroborate this assertion; for we find that the Romans were careful to have their camps and forts placed near a river, upon a neck of land, to command the passage, or conveyance by water. Such is the situation of this place. --Burton. King Edward I. in anno 1295, granted to the Prior of St. Cuthbert, at Durham, a charter for a free market and fair at Hemingbrough

Henry VI. in 1426, granted his royal licence to the Priory and convent of Durham, to erect, or cause this church to be erected into a college, consisting of one provost or warden, 3 prebendaries, 6 vicars, and 6 clerks with other ministers; to celebrate divine service for the good estate of himself. --Ibid.

After the dissolution, William Whitehead, the last provost, had a pension of £13. 14s. 6d. per ann. which he enjoyed in 1553. --Ibid.

[Description(s) edited mainly from various 19th century sources by Colin Hinson. ©2010]