Data from the 'Collectio Rerum Ecclesiasticarum' from the year 1842.




Data from the 'Collectio Rerum Ecclesiasticarum' from the year 1842.

The place: POCKLINGTON.     Church dedication: ALL SAINTS.     Church type: Peculiar. Discharged Vicarage.

Area, 4,380 acres. Harthill wapentake, Wilton Beacon. -Population, 2,265 *1; Church-room, 1300; Net value, £131. -The town of Pocklington was by Ulfus given to the Church of York, wherein the Prebendary of Barnby hath divers tenements.

The manor of Pocklington was by William the Conqueror given to the Lord Percy, and continued in the Percy family till 2nd Edward IV., when the King entailed it upon George, Duke of Clarence. At the time of the Domesday Survey there was a Church and a Priest in Pocklington, also two mills, thirteen villanes, five bordars, and four censores.

The Church of Pocklington, in which a Chantry was founded, was given by King Henry I. to Gerard, Archbishop of York, and the Deans of York, together with the Chapels within the Soke thereof, to be as free and quit from Episcopal jurisdiction as are the possessions of the Prebendaries of York, and a Vicarage was ordained therein, 8th Id. November 1252.

Patron and Impropriator, the Dean of York.

Torre gives a catalogue of the Vicars.

Valued in the King's books, at £10; in the Parliamentary Survey, vol. xvii. pages 372-460, it is stated : ' Vicarage, only £3 per annum. The great tithes are worth £104 per annum." "The Vicar hath the Easter book and all small tithes in Pocklington, Owsthorpe, Yapham, and Meltonby, worth £26 per annum ;" and in 1818 at £140 per annum.

Augmented in 1757, with £200, to meet benefaction of £500 from the Hon. and Rev. Henry Finch, Dean of York, and Mr. E. Finch, by their wills ; in 1821, with £300 from the Parliamentary grant, to meet benefaction of £200 from the trustees of J. Marshall, Gent.; and in 1822, with £200 to meet benefaction of £200 from Mrs. H. Griffith.

An Inclosure Act was passed 30th Geo. II.

The glebe house is unfit for residence. In 1818 there was a glebe house fit for residence.

The Register Books commence in 1559.

Thomas Wood's dole, by will, dated in 1568. rent charge of £10 per annum, distributed in various proportions amongst the poor of 44 neighbouring parishes and townships. The sum to this parish is 20s. per annum, which is distributed with six other benefactions, amounting to £4. 12s., during winter, amongst the most indigent and aged parishioners, particularly widows, in sums of 4s. or under, according to their necessities.

William Westoby's dole. 6s. 8d. per annum, to the poor at Whitsuntide. Mr. Westoby also left £5, the interest to be given to the poor at Christmas, but this sum appears to have been lost.

Jane Smith's dole, by will. Rent charge of 5s. per annum to the poor at Christmas.

George Smith's dole, by will. Rent charge of 12s. per annum to the poor at Christmas.

Marmaduke Hewitt's dole, by will. Rent charge of 5s. per annum to the poor at Christmas.

Ellis Braidley's dole, by will. Rent charge of 108. per annum to the poor at Lady Day and Michaelmas.

John Scorbrough's dole, by will. Rent charge of 13s. 4d. per annum to the poor at Christmas.

To the above benefactions, 208. from the rent of the poor's land is yearly added, which makes up the dole money £4. 12s., as before stated.

Bread Charities. -Robert Chapman's gift, by will, dated 23rd June 1718. The interest of £10 to be laid out in bread, and distributed to the poor on Christmas day, yearly.

William Westoby's gift, by will (date not mentioned). The interest of £5 in bread to poor widows at Christmas.

Mrs. Isabella Moor's gift, by will. The interest of £10 in bread to the most indigent poor on New-year's-day.

Dr. Henry Watkinson's and Mr. John Moor's charity (late Vicar of Pocklington), by deed (date not given). Settled and agreed that there should be paid out of the Vicarage house, (which was purchased for the use of all succeeding Vicars,) 10s. per annum to the most indigent widows and fatherless children, on the Monday before Easter.

Mrs. Ann Blackbeard's charity, by will, dated 11 th December 1732. Rent of two acres of land for the following uses : 10s. to the Curate, for a sermon on St. Thomas's Day; 2s. to the clerk, and 1s. to the sexton, and the residue to poor persons attending Church on that day, in sums of 2s. and under, to each person.

Mr. John Seymour's charity, by will. Rent of half an oxgang of land, distributed at Christmas, yearly.

John Cole's charity, by will. Rent of six lands, in the North fields, to the poor at Easter. - The Commissioners reported that there was then no property under this description, and supposed that a compensation was made for them under the allotment, upon the inclosure of common lands in Pocklington.

Poor's Land. -21a. 2r. 7p. of land. This land was awarded by the Commissioners under an Inclosure Act in 1759, and is supposed to have been allotted in lieu of detached pieces of common field land. The rents, except £1, added to the dole money, and carried to the general overseer's account.

Church Lands. -29a. 1r. 4p. of land, rent of one house, and rent charge of £1. 5s. These were awarded under an Inclosure in 1759, by the Commissioners. The total annual rent at the time of the Report was £50. 17s., which was received by the churchwardens, carried to their general account; and applied to the repairs and other expenses of the Church.

The Grammar School. Founded by John Dowman, LL.D., by writ of Privy Seal, dated 4th May, 6th Henry VIII., for a fraternity or guild of a master and two guardians, and brethren and sisters, to be incorporated by the name of " The fraternity or guild of the name of Jesus, and of the blessed Virgin Mary, and of St. Nicholas the Bishop in the parish Church of Pocklington, in the county of York : founded by John Dowman, Doctor of Laws," -Who were to find 'a fit man,' sufficiently learned in grammatical science to instruct and teach all scholars resorting to the town of Pocklington, to be taught according to the statutes and ordinances of the said John Dowman." Dr. Dowman also founded five scholarships at St. John's, Cambridge, with a preference to those of his kindred and name, and scholars educated at his school at Pocklington. The guild was dissolved 1st Edward VI.; and by Act of Parliament, 5th Edward VI. the nomination of the master was vested in the Master and Fellows of St. John's College. The Archbishop of York to appoint in case an avoidance be not supplied within two months. The usher is appointed by the master and the Vicar, or Curate, and churchwardens of Pocklington. The endowment consists of 683a. 1r. 2p. of land, let at the time of the Report for £1018. 13s. per annum. There is reason to believe that other property has been lost through neglect. Previous to the appointment of Mr. Shield in 1807, the school-house was dilapidated, and the estates were let on leases renewable on payment of fines. The reserved rents did not exceed £65 per annum. Mr. Shield instituted a suit in Chancery to set aside the leases, in which he ultimately succeeded after incurring a very considerable expense ; Mr. Shield also rebuilt the school-house. The school for a considerable period was in a state of great neglect. (Vide Minutes of Evidence annexed to the 3d Report of the Committee of the House of Commons on Education in 1818.) At the time of the Report there were seventeen scholars, most of whom appeared to be very young ; they were instructed in the rudiments of a classical education, and were also taught writing and arithmetic. -Vide 11th Report, page 735, and 19th Report, page 541.

A post town.

Torre's MS. (Peculiars), page 683. Abp. Sharp's MS., vol. ii. page 90. Wood's Bodleian MS., No. 5078. Gilbert's Liber Scholasticus. Bawdwen's Domesday Book (Poclinton), pages 13, 14. 155. 193. 214.223. 228; (Meltebi), 13 ; (Lapun), 29.

*1 Viz. Pocklington, 2,048 ; Owsthorpe, 20; Yapham, 137 ; and Meltonby, 60.

From the original book published by
George Lawton in 1842..
OCR and changes for Web page presentation
by Colin Hinson. © 2013.