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BARWICK IN ELMET: Geographical and Historical information from the year 1750.

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"BARWICK IN ELMET, a parish in the West Riding of Yorkshire, rear Aberforth, said to have been the seat and granary of the Ks. of Northumberland, during the heptarchy; after which it passed to the Lacys, Es. of Lincoln, next to the Es. and Ds. of Lancaster, and in the R. of Hen. IV. to the crown. It appears by the rubbish to have been encompassed with a wall. Here is a remarkable mount, called Hall-Tower-hill, which his two trenches round it; and on the N. side of the T. is a high steep Roman bulwark, part of the Roman way from Bramham-Moor, and called Wendel-Hill. The Ch. is supposed not to be older than the R. of Hen. V. the steeple having been built in that of Hen. VI."

[Transcribed by Mel Lockie © from
Stephen Whatley's England's Gazetteer, 1750]