The Ancient Parish of CASTLEFORD
[Transcribed information mainly from the early 1820s]"CASTLEFORD, a parish-town, in the wapentake of Osgoldcross, liberty of Pontefract, 3 miles from Ferrybridge, 3½ NW. of Pontefract, 22½ from York. Pop. 1,022. The Church is a rectory, dedicated to All-Saints, in the deanry of Pontefract, value, £20. 13s. 1½d. Patron, the King, as Duke of Lancaster.
Castleford, situated on the Ermine Street, near the confluence of the rivers Aire and Calder, is called by Marianus, Casterford. Here was a Roman station, named Legeolium, by Antoninus; and which Hovedon, the historian, expressly calls a city. Here many Roman ruins, and other antiquities have been frequently found; and at this place a battle was fought, between the Danes and Saxons, under Edred, in 950, in which the former were entirely defeated. The Danes, after having experienced the clemency of Edred at York, followed the Saxons from that city to Castleford, unnoticed, where they fell upon his rear with great fury; but such was the invincible valour of Edred, that he completely defeated them, and severely punished them for their ingratitude. Few or no traces of the antiquities of Castleford are now to be seen. --Camden. --Drake.
Thomas de Castleford, a Benedictine Monk, who flourished about the year 1326, and who wrote a history of Pontefract, was a native of this place.
The Tithes of this parish are settled by Act of Parliament; the rector receives twenty eight quarts of wheat, for every pound rent paid by the tenant to his landlord, on Arable land, and twenty quarts for every two pounds rent, on Grass land."
"GLASS HOUGHTON, in the parish of Castleford, wapentake of Osgoldcross, liberty of Pontefract; 2 miles NW. of Pontefract, 3 from Ferrybridge, 9 from Wakefield. Pop. 412."
- Here are photographs of Churches etc. in the parish:
- All Saints' Church, Castleford.
- St. Michael's Church, Castleford.
- Trinity Methodist Church, Castleford.
- The Roman Catholic Church, Castleford.
- Christ Church URC, Castleford.
- The Apostolic Church, Castleford, now the Smawthorpe Community Church.
- The Gospel Hall Christian Bretheren, Castleford.
- The Jehova's Witness's Kingdom Hall, Castleford.
- The Church of the Holy Cross, Airedale.
- The Methodist Church, Airedale.
- The Roman Catholic Church, Airedale.
- All Saints' Church, Hightown, view 1.
- All Saints Church, Hightown, view 2.
- The Church of St. Paul the Apostle, Glasshoughton, view 1.
- The Church of St. Paul the Apostle, Glasshoughton, view 2.
- The Methodist Church, Cutsyke.
- Townville Methodist Church, Castleford.
- The whereabouts and dates of the Registers etc. for the Parish of Castleford.
- Transcript of the entry of "professions and trades" in the Baines's Directory and Gazetteer, Vol I, West Riding.
- There is further information about this parish from the Pigot's 1829 Directory, Yorkshire section.
- There is further information about this parish from the Pigot's 1834 Directory, Yorkshire section.
- There is further information about this parish from the National Gazetteer 1868, Yorkshire extracts.
- There is further information about this parish from the Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England, Yorkshire extracts.
- There is further information about this parish from the Stephen Whatley's Gazetteer 1750, Yorkshire extracts.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Castleford to another place.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SE430255 (Lat/Lon: 53.724139, -1.349802), Castleford which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- Old Maps Online
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- English Jurisdictions in 1851 (Unfortunately the LDS have removed the facility to enable us to specify a starting location, you will need to search yourself on their map.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
- Transcription and photograph of Castleford war memorial
- Transcription of Castleford All Saints Church war memorial
- Transcription and photograph of Whitwood war memorial
- Transcription and photograph of Allerton Bywater war memorial
- Transcription and photograph of Bowers Row Allerton Bywater war memorial
- The World War II memorial on St. Joseph's R.C. Church, Castleford
- The following places are within the boundaries of this (ancient) parish, but I have no further information on them other than the Ordnance Survey Landranger Grid reference shown:
- (SE424244) Cutsyke
- (SE408271) Lower Mickletown
- (SE455246) Townville
- A list of those paying the 1379 Subsidy Rolls (Poll Tax) for this parish.