Extract from the HISTORY, GAZETTEER, AND DIRECTORY, OF THE WEST-RIDING OF YORKSHIRE, WITH THE CITY OF YORK AND PORT OF HULL. BY WILLIAM WHITE PRINTED 1837.
RETREAT NEAR LEEDS, FOR THE RECEPTION AND RECOVERY OF PERSONS AFFLICTED WITH DISORDERS OF THE MIND
Mr HARE begs to announce to the Profession and the public, that the above establishment is under his particular Superintendence, and that the most strict attention is paid to the Medical, as well as Moral treatment of the Individuals who are committed to his care.
The Retreat is delightfully situated on rising ground, at the opening of Aire-Dale, little more than a mile from the Town of Leeds; the situation is healthy, cheerful, and also sufficiently retired; the Gardens and Plantations are extensive; the premises combine proper Accommodations for the Exercise and Amusement of the Patients; and the Apartments are spacious, lofty , well ventilated, and fitted up in the most commodious manner.
The Establishment is to be considered more in the light of a temporary Residence in the Country, where the Patient is placed while he undergoes such a Plan of Treatment as may be necessary to restore the Functions of the Brain, than as an Asylum, in the common acceptation of the Term; hence it is well suited for Persons of weak Mind, or who may be subject to Fits or temporary Insanity - for whom confinement is necessary.
The Design and Object of this Institution are-
To afford superior accommodation for the Care, and Facilities for the Care, of Persons labouring under Mental Disease-
To offer the advantage of air and exercise, combined with various sources of Amusement and healthful Gratification, and at the same time, to avoid, as much as possible, every appearance of restraint, the advantages of which must be obvious, especially in mild and incipient cases - and
To secure for the Patient a Place of Safety, conducted on the most humane and enlightened Principles, and combining, by proper Classification and Conveniences, all the Comforts of a private Dwelling.
Every opportunity is embraced and cultivated, which can have a tendency to conciliate the Esteem and gain the Confidence of the Patient, always avoiding the Subject of Mental Aberration, and employing the Mind on some other.
All circumstances are also strictly attended to which will have a tendency to impart Pleasure and Contentment, to divert the Mind, to awaken and win the Attention and Affections, to employ the Time of the Patients as is most pleasant to them, and show that their Sufferings receive Sympathy and Commisseration from those, under whose care they are placed.
The well-known facts-
That Persons labouring under Mania, are extremely impatient of Restraint, and can scarcely be kept in a tranquil State in their own Houses-
That they are less disposed to acquire a dislike to those who are Strangers than to those with whom they have been more intimately acquainted-
That the very Change of scene, and Removal from former Habits and Associations, are often found beneficial to a Patient who enters a well conducted Asylum- and more especially the Circumstance-
That the Disease is constantly becoming more fixed, and will, according to the delay, require a longer Period for the Removal,- are strong Reasons why Patients should be placed under favourable Circumstances for Recovery, as soon as there is an obvious Necessity for doing so.
In recent Cases, a perfect and speedy Recovery may generally be expected.
RETREAT NEAR LEEDS
It may be satisfactory to the Friends of those afflicted with Mental Disease, to give the following, being the Report of Dr. Mahony,* who visited the Retreat by order of the Secretary of War, to inquire into, and report on, the Case of and Individual, who is in the Establishment.
September 18, 1835.
We have this Day visited Mr. Hare's asylum for the reception of Insane Persons:
To some of us frequent opportunities have offered of inspecting similar Establishments, not only in England, but in other Countries of Europe and America-and we can with truth aver, that none in England, nor in any place we have seen, surpass in Cleanliness and Comfort, and few equal the house of Mr. Hare for Order and attention to the Patients.
M. MAHONY, M.D.
Surgeon to the Forces
C. ANNESLEY, M.D.
Surgeon 2nd Dragoons
* The other Gentlemen accompanied the Doctor
THE REVEREND JOSEPH WARDLE, A. M., IS CHAPLAIN TO THE INSTITUITON
Applications, either Personal, or by Letter, Postage free, addressed, 26, East Parade, Leeds, will meet with immediate Attention, and have the most satisfactory References, if required, to Patients already discharged, or their Friends;-also to Physicians resident in London, Leamington, Leeds, Sheffield, Wakefield, Bradford, &c., who have had occasion to visit Patients at the Retreat.
Data transcribed by:
Sue Johnson ©2001