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KNOTTINGLEY:

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Gazeteer and Directory for Knottingley in 1847

KNOTTINGLEY is a populous and flourishing chapelry in the parish of Pontefract, 3 miles E. from that town, and 17 W. from the port of Goole; situated on the banks of the river Aire, and on the line of the Wakefield, Pontefract & Goole Railway - which passes through the chapelry; the Askern branch opens to it a communication with the London, York and Doncaster line - while a branch to Leeds effects a means of swift conveyance to that town and Manchester, Liverpool etc. Besides these lines, another is projected to the North Midland Railway from Burton-Salmon - this when opened will give to Knottingley a direct railway communication with almost every part of the kingdom, and open its valuable and extensive lime works to new and distant markets. In addition to the manifest advantages derived by Knottingley from the 'Rail', it had previously enjoyed facilities of water conveyance by canal to the port of Goole. This combination of conveniences in the way of transit, places Knottingley in a proud and enviable seat for the establishment of manufactures and the employment of capital. The locality has long been noted for its great production of excellent lime. The Building of vessels for coasting and other trades is carried on extensively, and many captains and owners of vessels reside in Knottingley and at Brotherton. In 1826 an association was formed by owners of vessels, called the 'Knottingley Insurance Society', for mutual benefit in case of loss or damage to vessels at sea or otherwise - the business of the society is transacted at the Commercial Inn, a most respectable establishment. Malting is carried on here to some extent, and there are several breweries - that belonging to Messrs Gaggs, Carter & Co. is famed for its produce. On the banks of the Goole canal are extensive brick and tile works belonging to Mr. R. Twaites and to Mr. J. Fenton, which are well recognised for the excellence of the articles manufactured. The corn mills, of which there are several in the town and its vicinity are of some considerable power and magnitude - the 'Kings Mill' particularly, is a large establishment. In 1814, Mr. Thomas Bell, chemist of this town, first introduced gas here, and the principal places of business are now lighted by this means.

The places of worship are the chapel of ease of St. Botolph, and one each for Independents and Methodists. A new church is now (1847) being erected, to be called Christ Church - the minister appointed to which is Rev. John Walker. The living of Knottingley is a perpetual curacy in the presentation of the vicar of Pontefract; the Rev. A.R.V. Hamilton is the present incumbent. A school, in which thirty girls are instructed, is supported by means of bequests made by two ladies named Banks and Brown, and a British school and a national school have been established - the latter in February 1842, was partly built bu subscription and partly by endowment, Faires for cattle 7th April and in Autumn, and a statute for hiring servants the first week in November. The population of the chapelry, in 1831 was 3,666 and in 1841, 4,780.

POST OFFICE: Aire Street, Knottingley, William Simpson Hepworth, Post Master - Letters from London and all parts arrive (from Ferrybridge) every morning at nine, and are dispatched thereto every afternoon at four.

NOBILITY, GENTRY AND CLERGY
Atkinson, Mr. Thomas, Knottingley
Brayshaw, Mrs Hannah, Knottingley
Brown, Rev. Richard, Knottingley
Brown, Whittle, Knottingley
Denniston, Rev. John, Knottingley
Gaggs, the Misses Mary and Elizabeth, Green House, Knottingley
Hamilton, Rev. Adolphus, Robert Vaughan, Knottingley
Hoyland, Miss Catherine, Knottingley
Jewitt, Mrs Ann, Knottingley
Lee, Richard, Thomas Esq., Grove Hall, Knottingley
Long, the Misses Sophia & Mary, Knottingley
Long, Mr. Robert, Racca Green
Sainor, John Esq. Green House, Knottingley
Shillito, Mrs Sarah, Racca Green
Smith, Mr. Thomas, Knottingley
Spurr, Mr. Thomas, Knottingley
Taylor, Mr. John, Knottingley
Thompson, Mrs Mary, Knottingley
Walker, Rev. John, Knottingley

ACADEMIES AND SCHOOLS - Not otherwise described are Day Schools
Bank's Free School (girls) - Phoebe Braim, mistress
British Schools, Knottingley - William Maidment, mastor; Mary Fletcher - mistress
Brown's Free School (girls) - Mary Crabtree - mistress
Infant's School - Eliza Hill, mistress
Langton Ann (boarding and Day)
Metcalf, Sarah Ann
Moorhouse, Catherine
National School, Samuel Martin - master ; Elizabeth Wyon - mistress

AGENTS
Atkinson, Joseph (ale and porter, for Henry Bentley, Oulton) Knottingley
Hepworth, William Simpson (news) Aire Street, Knottingley
Smallpage, Samuel (coal and commission) Knottingley

ATTORNEYS
Carter, William Edward
Foster, John
Horner, William & Son
Wood, William

AUCTIONEER
Bentley, Michael

BAKERS & FLOUR MILLERS
Adamson, Thomas
Strafford, Joseph
Thorley, William

BASKET MAKERS
Balance, John

BLACKSMITHS
Booth, Mathew
Cliffe, Thomas & Sons. (and ship)
Fell, John (and ship)
Lambert, John (and ship)
Poskitt, Aaron
Thorp, Charles
Thorp, Thomas

BLOCK, MAST & PUMP MAKERS
Tasker, John
Tasker, Thomas

BOAT etc. BUILDERS
Cliffe, Thomas & Sons
Holmes, Joseph
Worfolk, William

BOOKSELLERS, STATIONERS, BINDERS & PRINTERS
Hepworth, William Simpson (and library, and dealer in paper - hangings) Aire Street

BOOT & SHOE MAKERS
Abson, Charles Jun
Barber, John Jun
Brown, James
Daniel, George
Earnshaw, William
Ellis, Charles, Pottery Hill
Fewster, James
Fewster, John Hudson
Hall, Joseph
Jackson, Thomas
Longstaff, William
Mason, Jonas
Morley, John
Nayler, John
Nayler, William
Pearson, Eli
Pick, Henry
Rhodes, Timothy
Robinson, Joseph
Story, James
Waddington, George
Waddington, Joseph
Whiteley, George
Wood, William

BOTTLE MANUFACTURERS
Yorkshire Glass Bottle Company, Ferrybridge & Brotherton

BREWERS
Atkinson, Sylvester
Bywater, William
Gaggs, Carter & Co., Knottingley Brewery

BRICK AND TILE MAKERS
Fenton, John
Twaites, Robert, Racca Green

BRICKLAYERS & BUILDERS
Collings, Arthur
Dickinson, William
Earnshaw, John
Fenton, John Hun. (and contractor)
Lister, Robert
Stanhope, John

BUTCHERS
Atkinson, Ann
Burton, Edwin
Dealtry, James
Dobson, Joseph
Fisher, John
Hill, John
Longwood, William
Rhodes, George
Smith, Charles
Stanhope, Thomas
Tatlor, George
Tasker, Edward

CHEMIST & DRUGGISTS
Bell, Thomas
Pinder, William (and ginger beer & soda water maker)
CLOG & PATTEN MAKER
Gawkrodger, Samuel Walker (and French and spring clog maker)

COAL DEALERS
Crowther, John
Horsfell, Sarah
Nayler, John & Benjn

COOPERS
Cranford, Benjamin
Taylor, William

CURRIERS
Atkinson, Joseph
Shillito, George

FIRE & OFFICE AGENTS
COUNTY, John Foster
FARMERS, William Edward Carter, Knottingley & Pontefract
FISHERS' & MARINERS' SOCIETY, William Simpson Hepworth, Aire Street
YORKSHIRE (life) William Wood

FISHMONGERS
Askham, Richard
Askham, Robert
Shaw, Charles

GARDENERS
Hall, William
Harrison, Jonathon
Perfect, William
Rothery, Michael
Smith, Isaac
Smith, John
Stanhope, Joseph
Thompson, John

GROCERS & TEA DEALERS
Briggs, John (and druggist)
Burton, Thomas
Cawthorn, Joseph Barr
Cheesbrough, John
Clough, Cornelius (and corn merchant), Shepherds Bridge
Crampton, Thomas, Pottery Hill
England, Francis
Greaves, William
Robinson, Thomas
Wilson, James
HAIR DRESSERS
Holmes, William
Lowe, John
Peace, Joseph
Wase, Nathan

INNS & POSTING HOUSES
Commercial (and packet house) Christopher Sturdy

IRONMONGERS
Metcalf, George
Taylor, Richard (and brazier)

JOINERS & CABINET MAKERS
Barton, George
Barton, Henry
Brown, John (and builder)
Burley, John
Metcalf, George (and builder)
Moore, Furness

LIMESTONE MERCHANTS & LIME BURNERS
Bentley, Michael
Brears, William (the executor of Manor House)
Cheesbrough & Steel
Crossland, John
Fewster & Longwood
Hawke, Edward, Mount Pleasant
Ingle, John
Jackson, Thomas
Long, Robert & Son., Racca Green
Mellard, John & Son
Moody, Thomas & Son., Racca Green
Moorhouse, William, Marine Villa
Sainor, John
Shaw & Reynolds
Smallpage, Samuel
Spaforth, James T.
Stanhope, John & Thomas
Tate, Richard & Brian, Racca Green
Taylor, John
Taylor, William & Son
Wood, Thomas

LINEN & WOOLEN DRAPERS
Bingham, Henry
Bramham, George
Dickinson, Nathaniel
Moffat, John Gordon
Peckett, Timothy
Shears & Gowland
Wilson, James

MALSTERS
England, Francis
Gaggs, Carter & Co., Knottingley Brewery

MERCHANTS
Carter, John
Moorhouse, William, Marine Villa

MILLERS
Beevers, Joseph
Jackson, William (and corn merchant) King's Mills

MILLINERS & DRESSMAKERS
Addy, Sarah
Boston, Sarah
Earnshaw, Elizabeth
Rhodes, Lydia

PAINTERS HOUSE SIGN etc.
Stillinge, Mark
Winterburn, Edward

PLUMBERS & GLAZIERS
Leng, James
Smith, George
Stillings, John & Mark

ROPE & TWINE MAKERS
Bramham, Robert
Howard, John, Grove Terrace
Moorhouse, William

SADDLERS
Atkinson, Joseph
Coward, Mark

SAIL MAKERS
Cawthorn, David
Frear, William
Moorhouse, William, Marine Villa

STAY MAKERS
Holeson, Jane
Moore, Elizabeth

STONE MASONS
Lister, Robert
Morley, Joseph

SHOPKEEPERS & DEALERS IN GROCERIES & SUNDRIES
Adamson, Thomas
Cardwell, Joseph
Crampton, Thoams (and provision dealers), Pottery Hill
Earnshaw, William
England, Ann
Fenton, John
Fisher, John
Foster, John
Gooderidge, William
Johnson, John & Thomas
Marshall, Edward
Nayler, Benjamin
Parson, James
Saul, William
Storey, Robert
Thorley, William
Townsend, John, Pottery Hill

STRAW BONNET MAKERS
Cawthorn, Elizabeth
Clarkson, Margaret
Prince, Martha
Shears & Gowland
Wood, Mary

SURGEONS
Bywater, William
Hill, Joseph, Bedford Place
Twaites, Robert (and apothecary) Racca Green

TAVERNS & PUBLIC HOUSES
ANCHOR, Charles Abson Jun.
BAY HORSE, William Taylor
BUCK, George Pickering
CHERRY TREE, John Brown
DUKE OF YORK, William Lawson, Pottery Hill
GREYHOUND, Robert Hall
JOLLY SAILOR, Edward Spence
LIMESTONE INN, Thomas Moody, Racca Green
MARINERS ARMS, Charles Sefton
RED LION, Mark Stillings
RISING SUN, John Stanhope
ROPERS ARMS, George Ledson
ROYAL OAK, John Stillings
SHIP, Joseph Morley
SWAN, George Earnshaw
WAGGON & HORSES, John Shay
WHEATSHEAF, William Knapton

TAYLORS
Earnsahw, Matthew
Ellerington, Thomas (and draper)
Fisher, Richard
Goulding, John
Stead, Thomas
Whiteley, Joseph

TIMBER MECHANTS
Cliffe, Thomas & Sons
Moorhouse, William

VESSEL etc., OWNERS
Armitage, Mary
Arnold, John
Aron, James
Austwick, Joseph
Balance, John
Batley, Joseph
Bayes
Bentley, Michael
Brayshaw, Hannah
Brears, William
Brummet, William
Burnett, Harriet
Carter, John
Cawthorn, James
Cawthorn, Joseph
Cawthorn, Robert & William
Cheesbrough, John
Clarke, John
Clegg, Richard
Cliffe, Thoams & Sons
Colverson, Henry
Cook, Thomas
Deplidge, Hannah
Dey, Michael & William
Dickinson, Nathaniel
Earnshaw, John
Ellis, Joseph
Farnell, William
Fenton, John
Fewster, Daniel
Gandy, William
Green, William & Willm Jnr.
Grindell, John
Haigh, Benjamin
Hardcastle, Martin
Hartley, John
Hawke, Edward
Hey, Thomas
Hill, Joseph
Hodgson, Joseph
Holmes, John
Horrocks, William
Hossell, George, Joseph & Thomas
Howard, Ann & John
Hunt, John
Jackson, David, Thomas & William
Jewitt, Ann
Johnson, Hannah, Richard & Thomas
Kellett, George
Ledson, George
Lee, Thomas
Lightholder, William
Long, Edward
Lund, George
Marshall, Thomas
Moody, John & Thomas
Moorhouse, William
Naylor, John
Nowell, Nathan
Pickering, George
Rhodes, Ellen, John, Mark & William
Robinson, William
Robshaw, William
Roddins, Samuel
Seaton, William
Shaw, William
Smallpage, Samuel
Smith, Thomas
Spaforth, James T.
Tasker, Thomas
Taylor, John W. & Sons
Teale, Thomas
Thompson, Mar
Townend, William
Tupman, Benjamin
Walker, John
Watson, James & John
Willson, James
Womack, Benjamin
Wood, Thomas
Woodall, Mathew
Wright, John & Thomas

WHARFINGERS
Cawthorn, David & Joseph
Reddings, John
Robinson, John
Watson, Benjamin

WHEELWRIGHTS
Barton, George
Creaser, Francis
Rhodes, John

WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT
Bell, Thomas

CARRIERS FROM KNOTTINGLEY
To Ferrybridge - Robt. Askham - daily
To Leeds - John Smith - every Tuesday
To Pontefract - James Hopwood - every Mon, Weds & Sat ; and Wm. Myers from Ferrybridge - daily
To Selby - John Smith - every Monday
To Wakefield - John Smith - every Friday

MISCELLANEOUS
AIRE & CALDER NAVIGATION Co's OFFICE - Edward Maude, Clerk & Agent
Askham, Richard - Furniture broker
Crabtree, James - parish clerk & register of births and deaths
Crampton, John - tea and coffee dealer
Daw, Robert - white & locksmith
Denniston, John - portrait painter
Fenton, John - temperance coffee house
Fordham, John - watch and clock maker
Haigh, Robert - dock master
Howe, Edward Wright - excise officer
Masterman, Hannah - pot toy manufacturer, Pottery Hill
Naylor, William - registrar of marriage
Perfect, Sarah Ann - confectioner
Pinder, John - hosier
Shaw, Matthew - nail maker
Shaw, William - bone and seed crusher
Shillito & Holmes - ginger beer etc. maker
Turner, Charles Mansell - tanner
Watson, Benj. - marine store dealer

WORKHOUSE - Isaac Smith - governor ; Sarah Smith - matron

OMNIBUSES
TO BURTON RAILWAY STATION, an omnibus from the Buck, every morning (Sunday excepted), at seven, noon at twelve, evening at six.
TO LEEDS, an omnibus from the Red Lion, every morning at a guarter before seven, goes through Pontefract, Castleford and Methley - and one from the Ropers' Arms, every Thursday morning, at the same hour, goes through Ferrybridge, Brotherton and Fairburn.
TO PONTEFRACT, omnibuses from the Red Lion and the Ropers' Arms, every Saturday morning at a quarter before eleven, noon at a quarter before one, and afternoon at a half past three.
TO WAKEFIELD, omnibuses from the Red Lion and the Ropers' Arms, every Friday morning at a quarter before seven, goes through Pontefract etc.

CONVEYANCE BY RAILWAY On the Wakefield, Pontefract & Goole line - station at Knottingley

CONVEYANCE BY WATER

FOR PASSENGERS
To GOOLE, the Horse Packet, from the Commercial Inn, every morning, (Monday excepted), at a quarter before seven.

FOR GOODS, from Ferrybridge daily
To LONDON and the East coast, vessels pass Knottingley and Ferrybridge
To GOOLE and HULL, the Aire & Calder Co's, William Jackson & Co's, and Barnaby, Faulkner & Co's, fly boats
To LIVERPOOL AND MANCHESTER, William Jackson & Co's boats.

Transcribed by Michael Norfolk