The Ancient Parish of ROTHERHAM
[Transcribed information mainly from the early 1820s]"ROTHERHAM, a market and parish-town, in the upper-division of Strafforth and Tickhill; 6 miles from Sheffield, 11 from Tickhill, 12 from Doncaster and Barnsley, 15 from Penistone, 16 from Worksop, (Notts.) 49 from York, 160 from London. Market, Monday. Fairs, Whit Monday; December 1, for horses, horned cattle, sheep, &c. and Fortnight Fairs on Monday, for horned cattle, &c. Bankers, Messrs. Walkers, Eyer, and Stanley, draw on Messrs. Everett, Walker, and Co. 9, Mansion House Street. Principal inns, Crown, and Red Lion. Pop. 3,548. The Church is a vicarage, dedicated to St. Ann, in the deanry of Doncaster, value, ~£16. 8s. 6d. Patron, Lord Howard.
Rotherham is situated near the conflux of the rivers Rother and Don; the latter of which being navigable to Sheffield, and communicating with canals and rivers, opens a water communication with all the principal towns in the county; as well as Lincolnshire and Lancashire. The town is far fron elegant; the streets are narrow, and irregular; and the houses have, in general, a dull and dingy appearance. However, a considerable trade is here carried on in coals, an in other articles, by means of the river Don.
This place is rendered famous by the birth of Thomas Scott, Archbishop of York, usually called Thomas of Rotherham, who founded in this place Jesus College, for a provost, five priests, six choristers, and three schoolmasters, which was valued at the dissolution, at the yearly rent of £58. 5s. 9½d. He died of the plague at Cawood, in 1500. --Drake.
Here is a Free Grammar School, founded in 1584, by Laurence Woodnett, and Anthony Collins, Esqrs. formerly of London. The School is open to the boys of the town indefinitely free of expense, for classics only. This School has a claim in its turn to the fellowship and two scholarships at Emanuel College, Cambridge, founded by Mr. Frieston, in case the same are not occupied from the Free School at Normanton. There is a fellowship also at Lincoln College, Oxford. To this School there is a crown payment of £10. 15s. 4d. per annum, to the master. The master's salary, including house rent, &c. £30. a year; besides which, he has a gratuity from the Feoffees or Trustees. The present master is the Rev. Benjamin Birkitt. For an account of the Iron Works, see Marsbrough."
Information on the following places in this Parish is contained on a supplementary page.
- Monumental Inscriptions for Rotherham, 1802 taken from Dodsworth's list.
- Monumental Inscriptions for Rotherham All Saints transcribed by Jack Parry.
- Monumental Inscriptions for Masborough, 1782 to 1866
- Under the FreeCen project, a part of the 1891 Census has been transcribed for a part of this parish.
- A transcription of Rotherham Baptist Church History
- A transcription of the Greasborough Congregational Church History
- A transcription of the Rotherham Congregational Church History
- Transcript of the entry for Rotherham in the "Collections relative to Churches and Chapels".
- Transcript of the entry for Greasbrough in the "Collections relative to Churches and Chapels".
- Transcript of the entry for Tinsley in the "Collections relative to Churches and Chapels".
- The History of Rotherham Church.
- Marriage records for the parish church of Rotherham based on William Phillimore's transcripts covering the period 1540 to the start of civil registration in 1837.
- The following transcriptions are transcriptions of transcriptions originally done in 1988 by Wath and Mexborough Archives. These documents have many typographical errors and so we cannot vouch for the accuracy in the original transcription. If you find anything of interest here, please be sure to check the original Parish Registers source material.
Transcriptions by Jack Parry of:
- The transcripts of Rotherham Parish Registers for:
- The Rotherham Testamentary Burials 1440 to 1668
- The Church Rate Roll for 1627.
- The Church Rate Roll for 1724.
- The list of subscribers for the new Organ, 1774.
- The transcripts of Greasbrough Baptism Registers for:
- The transcripts of Greasbrough Marriage Registers for:
- The transcripts of Greasbrough Burial Registers for:
- The transcripts of Kimberworth Baptism Registers for:
- The transcripts of Kimberworth Marriage Registers for:
- The transcripts of Kimberworth Burial Registers for:
- The transcripts of Downs Row Unitarian Rotherham Chapel Baptism Registers for:
- The whereabouts and dates of the Registers etc. for the Parish of Rotherham.
- The whereabouts and dates of the Registers etc. for the Chapelry of Greasborough.
- The whereabouts and dates of the Registers etc. for the Chapelry of Tinsley.
- Keppel's Column stands at the top of a hill and was originally intended to have a statue of Admiral Keppel on the top. There is further information about the column here.
- Looking out from near Keppel's Column, Hoober Stand can be seen at the top of a hill. The inscription above the door says....
This pyramidall building was erected by his Majesty's most dutiful subject Thomas Marquess of Rockingham in grateful respect to the preserver of our religious laws and libertys King George the Second who, by the blessing of God having subdued a most unnatural rebellion in Britain anno 1746 maintains the balance of power and settles a just and honourable peace in Europe 1748.It was built (1747/8) by Thomas Watson Wentworth to celebrate the defeat of the Jacobite Rebellion in 1745. Wentworth fought on the side of the King who made him Marquis in recognition of his help. Hoober Stand was built to show the King his gratitude. (Susan Jepson, 2003.)
- A view of Rotherham showing 3 Church steeples.
- Transcript of the entry of "professions and trades" in the Baines's Directory and Gazetteer, Vol I, West Riding.
- Transcript of the entry of "professions and trades" in the Pigot's 1829 Directory, Yorkshire section.
- Transcript of the entry of "professions and trades" in the Pigot's 1834 Directory, Yorkshire section.
- Transcript of the entry of "professions and trades" in the White's 1837 Gazetteer, History and Directory, of the West Riding.
- There is further information about this parish from the Pigot's 1829 Directory, Yorkshire section.
- There is further information about this parish from the Pigot's 1834 Directory, Yorkshire section.
- There is further information about this parish from the White's 1837 Gazetteer, History and Directory, of the West Riding.
- There is further information about this parish from the National Gazetteer 1868, Yorkshire extracts.
- There is further information about this parish from the Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England, Yorkshire extracts.
- There is further information about this parish from the Stephen Whatley's Gazetteer 1750, Yorkshire extracts.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Rotherham to another place.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK429929 (Lat/Lon: 53.431148, -1.355785), Rotherham which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- Old Maps Online
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- English Jurisdictions in 1851 (Unfortunately the LDS have removed the facility to enable us to specify a starting location, you will need to search yourself on their map.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
- A description of the Rotherham Volunteers, 1803.
- The list of Officers of the Rotherham Volunteer Infantry, enrolled August 1803.
- The Pay List and Return of the Field and Staff Officers of the Rotherham Corps of Volunteer Infantry 1805.
- The following places are within the boundaries of this (ancient) parish, but I have no further information on them other than the Ordnance Survey Landranger Grid reference shown:
- (SK460917) Brecks
- (SK397941) Dropping Well
- (SK455935) East Herringthorpe
- (SK405944) Kimberworth Park
- (SK393921) Meadow Hall
- Sheffield Records Online provide a searchable online database of those from Sheffield, Rotherham, Ecclesfield and surroundings who have a Will or Administration. Full probate index text is available and the database is searchable by a combination of surname, forename, year of death and abode.
- This parish is covered by the following Society:
- The Church Rate Roll for 1627.
- The Church Rate Roll for 1724.
- The Subsidy Rolls (Poll Tax) for Rotherham 1368-79 translated from the original Latin.
- A list of those paying the 1379 Subsidy Rolls (Poll Tax) for this parish.