Area, 11,650 acres. Barkston Ash wapentake, U.D *1. - Population, 3068 *2; Church-room, 500; Net value, £135. -In A.D. 959, King Athelstan gave the manor of Sherburne to the Archbishop of York and his successors, and it was held by the Archbishop by barony of the King, in capite, in which barony there were six knights' fees, and a fourth part held by divers great men, who were lords of the towns of " Burne, Stiveton Luterington, Spaldington, Micklesend, Saytford, Bretton, Lumby, Barkeston, and Southum Beforth."
The Archbishops of York sometimes made the manor-house of Sherburne their place of residence; but on the 16th September, 30th Hen. VIII., the Archbishop demised the manor to Anthony Hammond, for the term of 30 years, under the yearly rent of £25.
On the 23d August, 23rd Hen. III., the King granted to the Archbishop of York and his successors, the liberty of holding a fair in this his manor of Sherburne, to continue for two days, viz. the vigil, and day of Exaltation of the Holy Cross.
The Liberties of Sherburne were divided into two prebends in the Cathedral Church, viz. of Newthorpe and Fenton; the first of which was annexed to the treasurership of the said Church.
This was a Rectory, which was appropriated to the Prebend of Fenton, and a Vicarage ordained therein, in October, A.D. 1240.
Patron and impropriator, the Prebendary of the Cathedral of York.
There was also an Hermitage nigh Sherburne in Elmet, founded to the honor of Saint Mary Magdalene, which was of the patronage of the Archbishop.
A Chapel in the Church was founded, and endowed to the honour of St. Mary.
There was an unreported decree in the Exchequer, in Michaelmas Term, 44th Elizabeth, as to Newthorpe tithes. The Vicar is entitled to the small tithes of the parish, particularly the tithe of rape seed. -Wickham v. Duffield, 1 Wood, page 434.
In Pope Nicholas's Taxation, the Vicarage is valued at £5, and in the King's Books at £10. 17s. 1d.
In the Parliamentary Survey, vol. xviii. pages 230. 263, it is stated " Inquisition at Sherburne, 4th June 1630. Vicarage, £26. 19s. 2d. The Vicar had £80 per annum, by order of Parliament, out of the estate of Sir Philip Hungate, a delinquent there. - At Leeds, 6th June 1650. There be two Chapels in the parish, viz. Lotherton and Micklefield. To the first belongs the town of Lotherton and part of Aberford. It is distant two miles from the said parish Church, and hath neither minister nor maintenance belonging to it. Micklefield Chapel is also distant about two miles from its parish Church, and hath neither minister nor maintenance belonging to it, and but about thirty families. We think fit that that part of Aberford in the Chapelry of Lotherton be annexed to the parish of Aberford. We think it not fit to have the said Chapels made parish Churches, there being no considerable number of parishioners to resort thither."
Augmented in 1780 with £200; in 1795 with £200; and in 1824, with £400 from the Parliamentary grant, -all by lot; and in 1831 with £200 and £200 to meet benefactions of £200 from the Rev. Dr. Bull the patron, and £200 from James Matthews, gentleman.
There was also a Chantry in this Church.
Acts were passed in the 19th Geo. III. and 33rd Geo. III. for inclosing South Milford and Lumley.
The glebe house is fit for residence.
Dr. Whitaker gives a catalogue of the Vicars and a view of the nave of the Church.
4th May 1792, faculty to erect a gallery.
The Register Books commence in 1639.
Hungate's Hospital and School, founded under the will of Robert Hungate, Esq. dated 10th May 1619, for legitimate orphans. Only six boys. At the time of the Report they are supplied with food and clothing, and on leaving the school, at the age of 15, receive each £2. 10s. and a suit of clothes. They are taught reading, writing, and accounts. The schoolmaster is required to be a preaching minister. Orphans of Saxton and Sherburne to be first preferred ; then of Sand Hutton; and after them of York, or elsewhere. The heir male of the founder to be patron, unless he became a Popish recusant ; in which case the Dean of York was to become patron. 40 marks for maintenance of four poor scholars from the school at St. John's College, Cambridge ; but these exhibitions have not been applied for for many years. Income at the time of the Report, £195. 6s. 8d. per annum.
Plants gift, by will, dated 7th June 1770. The interest of £100 amongst poor widows.
Doles. -Milford township: Sampson's two, of 5s. each ; Routh's, 5s.; Daniel's, 5s.; and Halliley's, 6s.
The Rev. Samuel Duffield's School, by will, 24th June 1731, for poor girls. Income : rent of 23a. 3r. 3p. of land ; interest of £1,545 on security, and dividends of £900 three per cent. consols. -Vide 16th Report, page 417; 21st Report, page 620.
Post town: Tadcaster.
Vid. Nonae Roll, page 229. Torre's MS. (Peculiars) page 543. Abp. Sharp's MS. vol. i. page 287. Thoresby, page 245. Whitaker's Loidis et Elmete, page 149. Mon. Ang., vol. vi. page 782.
*1 The remainder of Aberford is entered as a parish in Skirack wapentake. The townships of South Milford, Newthorpe, and Sherburne, extend into the jurisdiction of Saint Peter of York.
*2 Viz. Barkston, 265; Huddlestone and Lumby, 212; Lotherton and part of Aberford, 426; Micklefield, 228; South Milford, 719; Newthorpe, 63 ; Sherburne, 1155.
LOTHERTON CHAPEL., - MICKLEFIELD CHAPEL. -These Chapels are within the parish of Sherburne, but are not noticed in the Visitation Calls.
HUDDLESTONE. -On the 4th Kal. February, A.D. 1269, Sir Richard de Huddlestone, having obtained licence of Dean Sewall to hear Divine Service in that year in the Chapel built within his court of Huddlestone, provided that he repaired to his Mother Church of Sherburne to hear Divine Service on the principal festivals and other sermon days, if bodily health would permit ; which if it did not, that then his priest should there celebrate for him and his family ; he, the aforesaid Sir Richard, undertook that his said priest should, before he ministered in the said Chapel, be presented by him to the Dean of York, and being by him approved, should take the oath of fealty to his Mother Church of Sherburne, and faithfully restore thereunto all the obventions and oblations made in the said Chapel.
Torre's MS. page 552.