Area, 3,440 acres. Staincross wapentake. -Population, 1,492 *1; Chapel-room, 500 *2; Net value, £119.
Patrons, John Spencer Stanhope, Esq. and other principal inhabitants, landowners.
The Crown has the impropriation.
Valued in 1707 at £33. 4s. 4d.; in the Parliamentary Survey, vol. xviii. page 408, it is stated, " £20 per annum. To be made a parish church." Certified value in 1818, £100 per annum.
Mr. Hunter thinks it is not improbable that this, though now a dependant Chapel, was the original mother Church for the whole wapentake of Staincross.
Augmented in 1718 with £200, to meet benefaction of £200 from Sir W. Wentworth, Bart.; in 1822, with £200 from the Parliamentary grant, by lot ; and in 1831 with £300, and £300 from the Parliamentary grant, to meet benefaction of a house, &c. worth £600 and upwards, from J. S. Stanhope, Esq. the patron.
" Cawthorne was formerly a Chapelry in the parish of Silkstone. In 33rd Elizabeth, the tithes and all other dues of the Church were entirely sold from the Crown (only a small rent reserved to pay the ancient pension of £4. 13s. 4d. to the Curate) ; and in the 5th Jac. I., the inhabitants did every one purchase his own tithes, when by decree of Chancery the Chapelry was made parochial, and altogether independent upon Silkstone, and the inhabitants were obliged to make the minister's pension £20 per annum, save that the Easter offerings and surplice fees were to be reckoned £3, and to choose themselves a minister from time to time, reckoning those the majority who pay the greater part of the remaining £17. All this was done with the consent of Archbishop Matthews ; the Archbishop of York is always to admit (if approved) the person whom they shall choose for their minister. About which time also the parishioners gave the minister a house, garden, croft, and other conveniences, valued at about 20s. or 30s. per annum. Given since to our Church, by Thomas Pashley, yeoman, anno 1667, £6 per annum. Barnabas Oley, clerk, the tithe of four closes, worth by computation, 1674, £2 per annum. Mr. John Spencer, gent., 1702, £6 per annum. So the yearly income is now about £35" Notitia Parochialis, No. 577.
There were unreported decrees in the Exchequer, in Easter Term, 5th Jac. I.; and in Trinity Term, 14th Jac. I.
An Inclosure Act was passed 42nd Geo. III.
A Chantry in this Chapel was founded by the Bosvile family.
For the arms, monuments, and inscriptions, see Hunter's South Yorkshire.
A faculty was granted 20th November 1815, to rebuild a cow-house and stable.
The glebe house is fit for residence.
The Register Books commence in 1653.
Parochial Charities. -No return.
Post town: Barnsley.
Torre's MS. page 1055. Abp. Sharp's MS., vol. i. pages 272. 345. Hunter's South Yorkshire, vol. ii. page 227.
*1 In 1834, the Population was stated at 1,540.
*2 276 additional sittings (of which 216 are free) have been procured, towards which the Society made a grant of £150.