"THORNTON IN CRAVEN, is a parish-town and village in the same wapentake and riding as Gisburn about 2.5 miles s.e. from Barnoldswick: it was formerly a place of much more consequence than at present, being possessed of a charter to hold a market on Thursday, with a fair for five days, to commence on the eve of St. Thomas. The land around here is productive; and the scenery, from some situations, picturesque. The church is dedicated to St. Mary; the living is a rectory, in the gift of Sir John Kay, bart., and incumbency of the Rev. Arthur Smith Kay. Near the church are alms-houses, founded by Joseph Smith, esq. banker, of London, for five poor unmarried women or widows; and there is a free school, of which Mr. William Tomlinson is the present master. The parish contained, at the last census, 2,246 inhabitants.
Please see Gisburn Parish for the 1834 trades directory for this township."