YORKSHIRE FOLK TALK: Glossary
Mad, adj. C. Very angry.
Ex. He was mad, noo.
Maddle, v. C. To confuse, esp. by noise; to become bewildered.
Ex. T' noise o' t' organ maddles ma.
Mafted, adj. C. Oppressed with heat, stifled.
Ex. Ah wer that mafted, ah wer fit ti soond awaay.
Main, adj. and adv. C. (1) The chief part, the largest portion, the majority. (2) Very, especially.
Ex.- (1) T' main on 'em gans tiv oor pump. (2) Ah's main glad ti see tha.
Mainswear, v. R. To take a false oath. Dan. Mened (a false oath).
Mair, adj. C. More. The superlative is Maist or Meeast. Dan. Mere (more).
Ex. Ah knaw na mair 'an nowt (or na nowt). 'Mair heeast warse speed.'
Mak, v. F. To pet, to make much of, to coax: always followed by on. Also the common pr. of make.
Ex.- You maun't shoot (shout) ather, you mun mak on her (said to a sportsman when borrowing a timid pointer).
Mak oot, v. C. To make progress, prosper, succeed ; generally used in a qualified sense, in which ease it is commonly accompanied by badly.
Ex. Au'd Neddy maks badly oot wi' t' job. Sha maks badly oot, i.e. makes slow progress towards recovery.
Maks and mandthers, n. C. Sorts and kinds, shapes and sizes; lit, makes and manners. Vide Manders.
Mak-shift, n. C. A rough and ready substitute. A makeshift. This word is not peculiar to the dialect, but I give it, as a similar expression is used in Danish, Et Mageskifte, meaning an exchange.
Malack, n. F. (pr. maalack, the accent being on the first syllable). A spree, a disturbance. An E. R. word.
Ex. There wer sike maalacks as ah nivver seed.
Manders, n. C. (pr. mandthers). Varieties, different kinds. Ex. They were all maks an' manders.
This word is generally used in connection with maks, and is a corruption of manners.
Mannish, v. C. To manage; hence mannishment, which is used esp. for manure for land.
Ex. Oor tonnops 'as had plenty o' good mannishment.
Marrish, n. O. A marsh. We have this word in the place-name Marishes, and it has the same meaning as Marsk, the Danish for a marsh.
Marrow, n. C. One of a pair, or one to match another; generally followed by to.
Ex. We had two, bud we 've lost t' marrow tiv it.
Marry, interj. F. This word is only used in cases of decided assent or dissent, and is equivalent to 'yes, indeed.' It is by no means so commonly used as formerly. It is of the nature of an oath, being no doubt a corruption of by Marie. The same use of the word is found in the South West Jutland dialect.
Ex. Aye, marry; they will that. Naay, marry; nivver.
Mash, mask, v. C. To make, or draw out the strength of tea by pouring water upon it. Dan. At Mmske (to mash in brewing).
Ex.- T' tea isn't quiet mash'd yit.
Mashelson, masheishon, mashelton, mashelgem, mashlin, maslin, meslin, n. F. Wheat and rye mixed together, and often grown together for the purpose of making brown bread this, however, is not so commonly used as formerly. Sometimes the word is used figuratively in the sense of 'neither one thing nor another.'
Ex. They can mak nowi bud mashelshon on 'I (said of ignorant persons who try to speak in a refined manner).
Mask, n. F. The face, without any idea of disguise. The hunter's term for the fox's head or face.
Ex. Sha 'll tak' thi mask for tha, i.e. she will photograph you.
Matter, v. C. To care for, value, take account of.
Ex. Ah deean't matter him mich.
Matters, n. C. Quantity, account. Very commonly used in such phrases as neea matters, onny matters, &c.
Ex.- Ah can't tak neea greeat matters o' meeat.
Maumy, adj. C. Possessing a woolly ripeness, soft. Dan. Moden (pr. moen), ripe. Jutl. D. Mo.
Ex. It's soft an' maumy leyke.
Maun't, v. C. An abbreviation of may not, and mun not, i.e. must not.
Mawk, n. C. A maggot. Also used as a verb. Dan. Maddike (maggot) ; Jutl. D. Majek Norse Makk; Icel. Madhkr.
Ex. They 'll mawk leyke sheep.
Meadow-drake, a. F. The corn-crake.
Meal. n. C. Flour of various kinds that is not dressed; e.g. oat meal, barley meal, bread meal, which latter is wheat flour from which brown bread is made.
Mean, adj. C. (pr. meean). This word is not only used in the ordinary sense, but also to express worthlessness of character or conduct. Dan. En Men (a hurt, defect, harm.)
Ex.- It 's a varry meean tthrick, i.e. a piece of badness. He coms yam as meean as muck.
Meat, n. C. (pr. meeat.) Food.
Ex. It 's nobbut a middlin meeat spot, i.e. it 's not a very first-rate house for getting well fed at.
Meat, v. C. (pr. meeat). To provide with food. This is a good instance of the common habit of verbalizing substantives in the dialect.
Ex. He meeats hissen, an' ah weshes him, i.e. he finds his own food, and I wash for him.
Meeastther, maastther, n. C. Master.
Meg, n. R. A halfpenny. I have only heard this word used in the phrase Ah a'e n't a meg.
Mell, v. C. To meddle; always followed by on instead of with. Ex. Thoo maun't mell on em.
Mell, n. C. A wooden mallet.
Mellsheaf, n. C. The last sheaf of corn in the harvest-field.
Ex. We 've gotten t' mell, i.e. the harvest is ended.
Mell-supper, n. C. The harvest supper given by the farmer to those he has employed for the ingathering of the corn:
a harvest home. Dan. Mel (meal); Icel. Mjol.
Mend, v. C. To improve, to grow better- esp. in health.
Ex. Q. How is your husband? A. He 's mending nicely.
Mends, n. C. Improvement; also used much in the same way as 'prospect of improvement' in Std. Eng.
Ex.- Ah doot there 's neea mends for her.
Mense, a. C. Decency, becoming conduct, good appearance. Dan. En Menneske (a human being).
Ex.- ' There 's nowther sense nor mense i sike a peeace'
('York Minster Screen'). Wheer a'e ya been? Thoo 's ta'en all t' mense off 'n thi cleens.
Menseful, adj. C. Decent, becoming, neat, orderly; also adverbially, mensefully.
Ex. A menseful funeral. - Thoo deean't leeak menseful them things.
Met, n. C. Two bushels measure, or five stone weight. Originally no doubt this was a measure only, but now the word is applied to things bought by weight, e.g. coals, as well as those by measure A met-poke was the name given to a narrow bag holding two bushels.
Meuse, v. R. To study, to contemplate. This word, which is now wellnigh obsolete, was very common fifty years ago.
Ex. Cum here ti meuse mi hand (said by a servant maid as she picked up the ace of trumps).
Mew, perf. of mow. C.
Mew-burnt, adj. C. (pr. mew-bont). Heated or burnt in the stack.
Mew up, v. F. To pile up, to store, to stack.
Mich, adj. C. (pr. mitch). Much.
Ex. Nut mich.
Mickle. adj. R. Much. O. N. Mikill; O. Dan. Mogel (much).
Midden, n. C. A manure-heap, a heap of rubbish or muck. Dan. Modding (a manure-heap).
Middle-band, a. C. The band which connects the swipple of a flail with the handstaff allowing it free play.
Mig, n. C. The drainings of a manure-heap, cow-house, stable, &c.; any kind of liquid manure. Dan. Mog (manure).
Milk-can, n. C. Milk-pail. Dan. Malke-kande (a milk-pail or jug).
Milled in, part. R. Shrunk, withered.
Ex. He 's milled in a good bit.
Milner, n. C. (sometimes pr. minler). A miller. O. N. Mylnari; Dan. En Muller (a miller).
Mind, v. C. (pr. mahnd). To remember.
Ex. Ah mahnd yance, i.e. I remember once a very common preface to a story.
Mindful, adj. C. Careful. So too the verb 'to mind' is almost always used rather than to 'take care,' and 'to observe.
Ex. Thoo 'll a'e ti be mahndful gannin' thruff t' yat.
Mint, n. C. To intend, to aim, to make a pretence at doing; to mimic.
Ex.- They didn't deea it, bud they minted at it.
Miraculous, adj. C. (pr. Miraklous). Lively, precocious, cleverly mischievous. This word is applied to children, and sometimes to animals.
Ex. He 's a miraklous young jockey. There 's neea badness aboot him, bud he 's a bit miraklous.
I have not heard the word in the East Riding, but it is very common in the south part of the North Riding. A horse full of play, or frisky on being brought out of the stable, would be said to be miraklous.
Misken, v. F. (in pr. the accent is on the second syllable). To mistake anyone's identity. Dan. At miskjende (to misjudge).
Mistal, n. F. (pr. mistle and mis'l). A cow-house.
Mistetched, part. C. Fallen into bad habits. This expression is most commonly applied to a horse that has acquired some bad habit through ill-usage or otherwise.
Ex. Sha 's gotten quiet mistetched.
Moit, n. F. A small piece or particle.
Ex. He 's nobbut just a moit o' bread.
Moozy-faced, mouzy, adj. C. (pr. something between moozy and mouzy). Downy-faced, a face having on it the first symptoms of a beard. This word is also applied to the moon when it looks thick and hazy.
Mostlings, adv. C. (pr. mostlins and meeastlins). For the most part, generally.
Ex. Ah meeastlins gans.
Moudiwarp, n. C. (pr. moodiwahrp). The common mole. This word is frequently shortened to moudi. Dan. En Muldvarp (a mole).
Mounge, v. F. To munch, to chew.
Muck, n. C. Dirt, manure. Dan. Mug; Jutl. D. Mog (manure).
Muck, v. C. To spread manure on the land. Jutl. D. Moge (to muck).
Ex. Hez Sammy gitten his swath garth mucked ower yit?
Muck out, v. C. To rid of dirt or muck.
Ex. Noo, be sharp an' git t' pig sty muck'd oot.
Mucky, adj. C. Dirty; also used opprobriously for foul, mean. Jutl. D. Moget (foul, mean).
Ex. Thoo mucky beggar, ger out o' t' rooad! There was sike mucky deed as ah nivver seed.
Mud, v. (auxiliary) C. (pr. as would). Might.
Ex. Yan mud as weel gan.
Multure, n. R. The portion of corn taken by the miller as pay for grinding. Formerly when corn was sent to the mill for grinding, the miller was never paid in money but only in kind. More than a due share was called double mooter (pr. mootther). Lat. Molitura (a grinding), hence Fr. Mouture.
Multure, v. F. To take pay in kind for grinding corn.
Ex. Ha'e ya mootther'd oor corn ? Wa mostlins mootthers oor bit o' stuff
Mump, a. C. A blow on the face with the fist; also used as a verb in a similar sense.
Ex. He gay him a mump ower t' mooth.
Mun, v. (auxiliary). Must.
Ex. Mun I tak ho'd (the I here is pronounced as y at the end of a word). Yan mundeea as weel as yan can.
Mun, n. C. Man (in vocative case only).
Ex. Tak ho'd, mun.Ah 've ta'en it, man.
This form, though very common, is seldom used except under a certain amount of excitement on the part of the speaker, or when emphasis is required.
Mush, n. C. Dusty refuse, anything decayed into small fragments, e.g. rotten wood; sometimes used as a verb in a similar sense.
Mushy, adj. C. In a state of decay; dusty from decay.
My song, by songs, interj. R. A corruption of the old French oath (La Sangue).
Ex. Mah song ! bud ah will smack tha. By songs ! bud he 's deean it this tahm.
Muz-web, mus-web, n. C. Cob-web: in Cleveland muz-web is generally applied to gossamer, but not so in the south of the N. R. Fr. Mouche.
Na, conj. C. (pr. na). (1) No. (2) Than. This word is possibly a shortened pronunciation of no or nor, though more probably it is an inversion of the letters in 'an, which is itself an abbreviation of than; it is used only, hut very commonly, in certain phrases.
Ex.Q. 'Do you remember it ? `A. Na mair na nowt.
The expression na mair 'an nowt is also common. The form na is never used as the simple negative.
Naay, adv. C. Pr. of nay. Vide Neea.
Nab, n. F. An abrupt and generally rocky point whether on the coast or inland; e.g. Wo' Nah (Wold Nab), a steep projection on the west side of the wolds between Acklam and Leavening. Jutl. D. Nahe (a point, lit, a bill).
Nacks, n. R. An old-fashioned game that used to be played a generation ago. Nine holes were made on the ground, and the principle of the game was something like bagatelle.
Naether, conj. C. (The pr. nowther is also in pretty frequent use). Neither.
Naff, n. C. The nave or central block of a wheel. Dan. Ft Nay (a nave).
Naff-head, n. R. (pr. naff-heead). A blockhead.
Ex. Thoo greeat naff-heead; what 's ta deeain ?
Nafle, Naffle, v. F. (pr. naafle and naffle). To idle under pretence of working; to 'potter' and get nothing done.
Ex. He gaas naaflin' aboot.
Nakt, adj. C. (pr. naakt). Naked, bare. This word is always pronounced as one syllable, and is commonly applied to any object that looks unfurnished or bare.
Ex. T' chetch steeple leeaks varry naakt.
Nanpie, a. R. (pr. nan-pie, i.e. almost as two words). The magpie.
Ex. Nan-pie rack (a place-name).
Nap, v. F. To prowl; to go about with dishonest intentions. Ex. Ah see'd him nappin' aboot.
Narside, n. C. The near side, i.e. the left hand side of a horse, or that nearest to him who directs the animal. It is remarkable that this pr. of the word only survives in this phrase. Dan. Naer (near); naerhaands hest (the left-hand horse in a pair).
Nasty, adj. C. Ill-natured, petulant, impatient.
Ex. When ah ax'd him he wer varry nasty aboot it.
Natter, v. C. To complain about trifles, to be constantly fretful. Dan. At gnadre (to grumble).
Ex. Sha 's awlus natterin aboot nowt.
Nattery, adj. C. (pr. natthry). Given to complain about trifles, petulant.
Naup, a. C. (1) A sharp blow on the head, either with the fist or a stick. (2) The top part of a pig's head, the lower part being called the chaff or chap. Dan. Ft Knubs (a blow on the head).
Naup, v. F. To give a sharp blow on the head; hence a naupin a beating.
Naw, adv. C. Vide Neea.
Nazzled, nazzed, nizzled, adj. F. Somewhat the worse for liquor, unsteady.
Ex. Ah seed him nizzled wi drink. They gan nizzlin aboot.
Neaf, n. C. (pr. Neeaf). The fist. Dan. En Naeve (a fist).
Ex. He up wiv his neeaf an' knocked him ower.
Neaf-ful, n. F. (pr. neeav-ful). A handful. Dan. En Naevefuld (a handful); begge Naever fulde (both fists, i.e. hands, full).
Ex.- An' rahv'd off t' hair by neeavesful frev her heead' ('York Minster Screen.')
Nears, n. C. The kidneys.
Near, adj. C. Close-fisted, stingy, extra careful. Dan. Noje (exact); Jutl D. Nyw, e.g. Han er saa nyw (he is so very parsimonious).
Near-hand, adv. C. (1) Near. (2) Nearly. It is quite remarkable how universal the use of this word is in the dialect instead of near, which is never used without the suffix hand. In the sense of 'nearly,' though common, it is not by any means so general ommost, varry near, &c. being frequently used also.
Ex. He nivver coms near-hand ma noo. Tho maun't gan near-hand t' dog or he 'll mebbe hanch at tha. - it cost near-hand fahve pund.
Neat, n. Vide Nowterer.
Neavil, v. F. (pr. nevvil). To strike with the fist: hence neavilling - a pummelling Dan. Naeve (the fist); Jutl. D. At nefie (to pull one's hair with the fist a punishment for schoolboys).
Ex. He nevilled him weel.
Neb, n. C. The bill of a bird; also sometimes used for the human nose. Dan. Naeb (bill) ; in Icel. (nose).
Nebbs, n. C. The handles on a scythe shaft. Dan. Naeb (nose).
Neea, adv. C. No. With regard to the simple negative particle there are three varieties in the dialect: (1) Naay (nay) ; this, though common, is never used singly, and is by no means such a strong form of the negative as the other two ; it is generally followed by such words as bud, noo, &c., e.g. Naay ! bud thoo weean't gan, wilt tha ? Naay! noo, honey, sha weean't ho't tha. Naay ! ah deean't knaw. (2) Naw. (3) Neea. The two latter are the ordinary forms; neea being perhaps somewhat the commoner in the E. R. It is worthy of note that in Danish there are two distinct forms of the negative in common use, viz. (1) Noe (though not written thus), pronounced almost as our nay; and (2) Nei, the latter implying a more decided negation than the former.
Neest, adj. F. Next. Dan. Naest (next); e. g. hvad naes (what next?)
Neet, n. C. Night: this begins on an average throughout the year at about 5 p.m., or lowrin tahmn. The word evening is hardly ever used.
Neuk, n. C. A corner of anything. Norse Nokke (a small iron hook).
Nibble, n. C. A nipple.
Nice, adj. C. (pr. neyce). (1) Over particular, shy. (2) Large, considerable.
Ex. Noo, deean't be neyce; help yoursells (commonly said by a hostess at table).A neyce few.
Nicking on, v. R. An old-fashioned rough-and-ready method of scoring at cricket, viz, cutting a notch on a hazel stick for every run made, a larger notch being cut at every ten.
Niff-naff, n. F. A trifle.
Nim, v. C. To move quickly; to walk with a quick, short, light step; also to catch up quickly. Dan. Nem (quick in apprehension, adroit, handy).
Ex. He can nim awaay at a bonny speed.
Nip, v. C. To run or walk quickly; generally used in such expressions as nip off i.e. run away; nip across, i.e. step quickly across, &c.
Ex. They can nip awaay.
Nither, nidder, v. C. To shiver with cold, to be chilled.
Ex. Nitherin lambs.
Nivver, adj. C. Never.
Ex. Nivver heed.
Nobbut, adv. C. Only; lit. not but.
Ex. They 're nobbut just cumm'd.
Nogg, n. R. The angle of a stream. Jutl. D. Nokke (small hooks in the wings of the distaff).
Nominy, n. F. (pr. nomminy). A doggerel rhyme, a jingle. I connect this word with Lat. Nomine, and group it with other ecclesiastical words that have been handed down from mediaeval times; it is an example among many which shows how a word may degenerate.
Ex.- A'e ya t' nomminy off? i.e. do you know the rhyme by heart?
Noo, adv. and interj. C. Now; well! This word when used as an interj, is the commonest form of salutation between man and man; it corresponds with 'How do you do?' Sometimes then is added.
Ex. Noo! Bill. (Bill) Noo ! Noo then; wheer 's ta forr? i.e. Well! where are you going to?
Noos an' thans, adv. F. Occasionally.
Nor, conj. Than. Vide Na.
Noration, n. F. A disturbance, a stir, a row, &c. This word is often applied to the play of children.
Nought, n. C. Nothing. This, which is one of the commonest words in the dialect, is at the same time one of the most difficult to describe the pronunciation of accurately, lying as it does between note and nowt. There is no vowel-sound corresponding to it in Std. Eng.
Ex. Ah know nowt aboot it.
Nowt, nowts, n. R. Cattle, esp. horned cattle. Vide Nowterer.
The old word nowt fair is still so-called here and there.
Nowther, conj. R. Vide Naether.
Nowterer, n. R. One who tends cattle. This old word is wellnigh obsolete; it is, howeveror was till latelyin use in the neighbourhood of Millington Pastures, a tract of unenclosed land in the East Riding at the edge of the Wolds: in the Pastures at certain times of the year a large number of cattle have gaits or freedom to stray at large. The man who looks after these cattle or nowts is called T' nowttherer. Few, if any, of the people know the meaning of the word, but from time immemorial this has been the designation of the herdsman.
Ex.Q. Canst ta tell ma wheer t' beeos is ? A. Now, bud mebbe t' nowttherer can tell ya.
Numb, adj. C. Helpless, clumsy, awkward, dull; lacking in handiness, stupid.
Ex.-Aw dear, aw dear! what a numb lahtle lad thoo is!They weean't a'e ti be varry numb-heeaded uns for that job.
Nut, adv. C. Not. This form of the word is universal; the u is pr. somewhat shorter than in most cases where it occurs.
Ex. Nut yan.Ah 's nut boun' ti gan.
Off-man, n. F. One from a distance, a stranger.
Offen, prep. C. (pr. off'n). From off, off. This form of the word is very generally used, the simple equivalent off being rarely heard as a preposition.
Ex. He 's rahv'd t' reeaf offen t' hoos. Tak t' top offen t' pot; it gallops weeantly.
Oftens, adv. C. (pr. Off'ns). Often.
Ex. Ah off'ns thinks aboot it.
Ommost, Ommaist, adv. C. (sometimes pr. ommeeast). Almost.
Ex. It wer ommost fit to burst.
On, adv. C. Here: e.g. He 'll be on eftther a bit. There is also a use of this word equivalent to 'engaged in' or 'at work': e.g. They 're on kluin' yonder. Smith 's on leading. Sometimes wi (with) is added.
O'n, prep. C. Of. This usage is equivalent to o', the n being added before a vowel for euphony.
Ex. Sum o'n 'em.
Once over, adv. C. At onetime, once, for a time.
Ex. It started ti raan yance ower. Jim lived at yon spot yance ower.
Onny bit like, owt like, C. Fairly well, tolerable; generally used with reference to health or the weather, but in other connections also.
Ex. Wa s'all be leadin' ti-moorn if it be onny bit teyke. Ah 's nobbut badly yit, bud ah 'll gan if ah be owt leyke.
Oot o' coorse, adv. C. Extraordinarily, greatly; also used as an adj.
Ex. Ah wer oot o' coorse pleeased.
Oppen, v. C. To open.
Ex. Mud sha oppen t' box.
Othergates, adv. R. Otherwise.
Othersome, adj. C. (pr. uthersum). Others (the antithesis to some).
Ex. Sum 'll mebbe deea t' job, an' othersum weean't.
Ought, n. C. (vowel-sound pr. as in nought). Anything.
Ex. A'e ya seed owt on him.
Out, outing, n. C. (pr. oot). Absence from home on pleasure, an excursion.
Ex. He 's had a lang ootin.Sha mun ev a neyce oot.
Oot o' fettle, C. Out of repair, unfit for use, unwell.
Ex. Ah feels all oot o' fettle ti-daay.
Oot o' t' rooad, C. In an inconvenient situation, out of the way, out of sight; hence, destroyed, killed.
Ex. It puts her oot o' t' rooad an' tews her sadly. Wa 've gitten t' poor au'd dog putten oot o' t' rooad.
Ouse, v. C. Vide Howze.
Outs, adv. R. At all.
Ex. Was he outs nasty? i.e. was he at all angry?
Over, to have it, C. To discuss any matter.
Ex. Him an' me 's had it ower tigither.
Overquart, prep. R. (pr. owerquahrt). Across, athwart.
Ex. He ran owerquart t' clooas.
Oversail, n. C. The top course of masonry in a wall or building of any kind.
Overwelt, weltover, n. F. (pr. owerwelt). A fall or slip on to the back, and continuing in that posture, esp. of a sheep. Jutl. D. Awvaelt or ovaelt (a throw on the back).
Ex. Yon o' t' yows is owerwelted yondher.
Owe, v. C. (pr. ow and aw, approximately). To own. This word is only used interrogatively, in such expressions as Wheea 's owes it? Wheea 's awes t' box? &c. Some would express the first of these wheea 's owe t'? This, however is incorrect, and cannot be analysed satisfactorily. The full rendering of Wheea 's owe 's it? is Wheea is (t) (who) owes it? i.e. Who is (it who) owns it? The difficulty here is that it and who being omitted, the phrase does not sound grammatical, for as it stands it reads Who is owns it? It must be regarded as an elliptical expres sion. Icel. Eiga (to own) ; Dan. Eie (to own).
Ower, v. C. To be over with, to come to an end, to cease.
Ex.- Ah doot it'll varry seean be owered wi poor au'd Tommy. T' raan 's owered.
Ower, prep. and adv. C. (1) Over. (2) Too. As adv. ower is invariably used in place of too. It is observable that the Danish pr. of over is always ower, as in Yorkshire.
Ex. Thoo mun gan ower t' brig. There 's ower monny on 'em T' maastther weean't be ower weel suited.
Ower anenst, prep. C. Near to, opposite to.
Ex. He wer set ower anenst us.
Owerhand, owerance, n. C. The mastery, the upper hand.
Owergait, n. R. A gap in a hedge, or a stepping-place across a brook.
Owerset, v. C. To overdo, to overtax one's strength; also to overturn.
Ex. Deean't owerset yoursen wi t' job. - Ah doot sha 's owersetten hersen wi t' weshin.
Overwelted, part. C. Vide Overwelt.
Owee, n. R. An ox; pl. Owsen. Jutl. D. En Ows (an ox).
Owther, conj. R. Either. Besides this form of the word there is the commoner one, aether; the ordinary pr. of the word is not heard in the dialect.
Oxter, n. C. The armpit. Dan. Axel (the shoulder), Axelhule (the armpit).