The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868
"ARDEE BARONY, one of the six baronies of the county of Louth, in the province of Leinster, Ireland, is bounded on the N. by the county of Monaghan and the barony of Louth, on the E. by the bay of Dundalk and the barony of Ferrard, on the S. by the barony of Ferrard, and on the W. by the county of Meath It contains the parishes of Ardee, Cappoge, Charlestown, Clonkeen, Dronim, Drumcar, Gernonstown, Kildemock, Kilsaran, Mapastown, Mosstown, Philipstown, Richardstown, Shanlis, Smarmore, Stabanman, Stickellin, and Tallanstown, with part of Killanny and Louth."
"BALTRAY, a village in the barony of Ferrard, in the county of Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland, 3 miles to the N.E. of Drogheda. It is situated on the sea-coast, at the mouth of the river Boyne. Fishing is the chief employment of the villagers." [in Termonfeckin civil parish]
"BOYNE, a river in Ireland, which takes its rise in the bog of Allen, near Carbury, in the county of Kildare, and, pursuing a north-easterly course, crosses the county of Meath, dividing it into nearly equal parts touches upon the county of Louth, and enters the Irish Channel, 4 miles below Drogheda. Its length is about 65 miles, and it has a total fall of nearly 240 feet. The principal towns on its banks are Clonard (where it enters Meath), Trim, Navan, Slane, and Drogheda. It has many tributary streams, of which the most important are the Deel, a river of:West Meath, meeting it below. Clonard, and the Blackwater, running down from Cavan through Meath, and joining it at Navan. It is navigable as high up as Slane, and from thence, by means of a canal, to Navan. The construction of the railway from Drogheda to Navan has diminished the carriage by the canal. Coals, corn, and timber are the chief goods conveyed. The navigation of the river is much impeded by the bar at its mouth, where the water is only from 2 to 9 feet deep. Three lighthouses are erected there of different elevations, from 28 to 40 feet. Along the banks of the Boyne, especially in the county of Meath, there is much fine scenery, the charm of which is heightened by the presence of numerous remains of antiquity, monastic and military. As Ireland itself has been named "Isle of Saints," so this river, from the number of ancient religious houses near it, centres once of light and knowledge, has acquired the designation of the "Boyne of Science." The Boyne has acquired historic interest and importance from the battle, so memorable in its relation to English freedom, fought on its banks on the 1st July, 1690, between the English, led by their chosen liberator and king, William Ill., and the Irish under James II. The scene of the decisive conflict was at Oldbridge, 3 miles above Drogheda, then the site of a ford, but anciently of a bridge. A memorial pillar, erected in 1736, stands on the north bank of the river, opposite the ford. It is 150 feet high, and covers the spot where Schomberg is said to have fallen. In the 9th century a body of Northmen sailed up this river and ravaged the neighbouring country."
"CLERMONT, a demesne, situated on the river Fane, in the barony of Dundalk, in the county of Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland. It gives titles of baron, viscount, and earl to the Fortescues. Sir Richard Le Fort, from whom the above family are descended, was shield bearer to William the Conqueror, and present at the battle of Hastings." [in Haynestown townland, Haynestown civil parish]
"COOLEY-HEAD, a promontory in the barony of Dundalk, in the county of Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland. It is situated on the N. of the opening to Dundalk Bay." [also known as Cooley Point, in Templetown townland, Carlingford civil parish]
"CROSSALEENY, a hamlet in the barony of Lower Dundalk, in the county of Louth, Ireland, 2 miles S. of Carlingford." [at the southern end of Carlingford townland, in Carlingford civil parish.]
"DUNDALK, (Lower and Upper) two baronies in the county of Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland, bounded on the N. by the county of Armagh, on the N.E. by Carlingford Bay, on the S. by Dundalk Bay, and on the W. by the county of Monaghan. Lower Dundalk contains the parishes of Ballyboys, Carlingford, and part of the parishes of Ballymascanlan and Castletown, and comprises 38,046 acres. The towns and villages are Carlingford, Bellagan, Ballmamaghery, Rathcor, and Whitestown. Upper Dundalk contains the parishes of Barronstown, Ballybarrack, Dundalk, Dunbin, Faughart, Haynestown, Haggardstown, Mine, Roch, Philipstown, and parts of Creggan, Inishkeen, and Louth, comprising 30,360 acres. The barony includes a considerable mountain range, and is traversed by the rivers Fane and Castletown."
"FANE, a river in the counties of Armagh and Monaghan, province of Ulster, and in the county of Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland. It rises in Monaghan and Armagh, and after a course of 20 miles, in which it augments its waters from Lough Muckno and other lakes, empties itself into Dundalk Bay, near Lurgan Green. Fane Valley is a beautiful demesne about 4 miles from the river's embouchure."
"FERRARD, a barony in the county Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland. It is bounded by the barony of Ardee on the N., by the sea on the E., and by the county of Meath on the S. and W. Its area is 49,213 acres. It is drained by the river Boyne and a tributary to that river on the S. and W., and by the White river on the N. The surface is gently hilly, and consists of a good medium soil. It contains the parishes of Beaulieu, Clogher, Clonmore, Carrickbaggot, Dunany, Drumshallon, Dysart, Dunleer, Mayne, Marlestown, Mullary, Monasterboice, Parsonstown, Port, Philipstown, Rathdrumin, Salterstown, Termonfeckin, and parts of Tullyallen, Callon, and Ballymakenny."
"FLURRY, a hamlet in the barony of Lower Dundalk, county Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland, 7 miles N. of Dundalk. It contains a post-office. The hamlet stands upon the Flurry rivulet, which rises among the Fathom and Slievegullion mountains, flows between the counties of Louth and Armagh, and discharges itself into Dundalk Bay." [at the northern end of Drumad townland, on the Armagh border, in Ballymascanlan civil parish.]
"LOUTH, a barony in county Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland. It is 8 miles long, and its average breadth is 3. It is situated on the sea-coast, and the other sides are environed by the baronies of Upper Dundalk and Ardee, and by the county of Monaghan. It contains the parishes of Clonkeehan, Darver, Dromiskin, Killincooley. Mansfieldtown, and parts of Iniskeen and Louth."
"MATTOCK, a feeder of the river Boyne, rises near Newtown Monasterboice, county Louth, Ireland."
"MELLIFONT, a locality on the border of the barony of Ferrard, county Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland, 3 miles S.S.E. of Collon. It is situated on the river Mattock, and is the site of a celebrated abbey, the most ancient Cistercian establishment in Ireland. The pile now forms an extensive and interesting ruin. This abbey was founded in 1142 by Donough O'Carroll, Prince of Uriel, who was buried within its precincts. It became the seat for many generations of the Moore family. In 1157 a synod was held within the abbey. Among some of the points of attraction are St. Bernard's chapel, a Norman portal, fine carvings, baptistery, with Saxon windows, &c. The place is now the seat of the Marquis of Drogheda, from which he takes the title of baron. Mr. Armstrong of Raheny published an excellent description of these ruins." [in Tullyallen civil parish]
"MULLACREW, a village in the barony and county of Louth, province of Leinster, Ireland, 1 mile S. of Louth. It is situated on the road from thence to Ardee. A considerable trade is carried on in wool. Fairs are held on the 2nd February, 25th March, 20th April, 1st May, 17th June, 26th July, 16th August, 8th September, 18th October, 16th November, and 21st December." [a townland in Louth civil parish.]
"RAVENSDALE PARK, a demesne in Ravensdale, county Louth, Ireland, 5 miles N.E. of Dundalk. The mansion occupies a site between the Slieve Gullion and Carlingford mountains." [a townland also known as Anaverna, in Ballymascanlan civil parish]
"RIVERSTOWN, a hamlet in the barony of Lower Dundalk, county Louth, Ireland, 3 miles S.W. of Carlingford, near Dundalk Bay." [at the south end of Castletowncooley townland in Carlingford civil parish.]
"WHITE RIVER, a stream of county Louth, Ireland. It rises under Belpatrick Mountain, and joins the Dee at Drumcot."
[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson ©2018