County Monaghan


"Monaghan, a county of Ireland, province of Ulster, bounded N by Tyrone, E by Armagh, and SE by East Meath and Louth, 30 m. long, and 19 broad, and containing 288,500 English acres, or 450 square miles, divided into 21 parishes. Although it is much encumbered with bogs and mountains, great portions of it are highly cultivated and improved. the linen manufcture, which flourishes extensively, is the great staple. The Sleibh-Baught mountains, which extend into this county from Tyrone, though they are an uninteresting waste, have, however, beds of the richest limestone, and abundance of marl; and indications of coal have also been observed; also lead ore of the highest quality. This county contains 184 lakes, of which 30 are considerable sheets of water. Principal rivers, the Ballyhays, Annalee, Lagan, Fane, Myrvale, Fin, and Blackwater. Pop. 178,183." [From The New London Gazetteer (1826)]

"COUNTY MONAGHAN, an inland county of the province of Ulster, Ireland. It lies between 53° 63' and 64° 25' N. latitude, and between 6° 33' and 70 18' W. longitude. It is bounded by county Tyrone on the N., by Armagh and Louth on the E., by Meath and Cavan on the S., and by Fermanagh on the W. Its length from N. to S. is 37 miles, and its extreme breadth from the opposite points is 28 miles. It comprises an area of 500 square miles, or 319,757 acres, which are disposed thus: 285,885 arable, 21,585 uncultivated, 5,816 in plantation, 304 occupied by the sites of towns, roads, &c., and 6,167 covered with water. The surface is mostly hilly, and becomes mountainous towards the N.W. and E. The Slievbeagh range, extending from N. to W., sends up a summit 1,254 feet above sea-level. The soil of the lowlands of the S. is mostly good, consisting of a portion of the central limestone-field of Ireland. The soil of the hilly districts, on the other hand, is generally very inferior. The principal rivers of this county are the Blackwater, on the eastern boundary, which joins Lough Neagh, also the Fane, Glyde, Lagan, Fink, and numerous small streams......More" [Description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)] Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2018]

"MONAGHAN, a county, of the province of ULSTER, bounded on the east by Loath and Armagh, on the north by Tyrone, on the west by Fermanagh and Cavan, and on the south by Meath. It extends from 53° 53' to 54° 25' (N. Lat.), and from 6° 33' to 7° 18' (W. Lon.); and comprises an area, according to the Ordnance survey, of 327,048 statute acres, of which 9236 are unimproved mountain and bog, 6167 are under water, and the rest cultivated land.The population, in 1821, amounted to 174,697; and in 1831, to 195,536....More" [Transcription from A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland - Samuel Lewis - 1837 Mel Lockie ©2013]


Archives & Libraries



Local Studies Book Collection - at Monaghan Library



Monaghan Biographies - on IGP



Cemetery Records - on IGP

Monaghan Headstone Photos - on IGP



Monaghan Census Substitutes (Landowners 1870's) - on IGP

National Censuses/Substitutes (list) - on fianna

1911 Census - Co Monaghan, FHLC numbers - on fianna


Church History


Church Records


  • Monaghan Church Records - on IGP
  • Parishes & and some FHLC film numbers and dates - on fianna


  • Church of Ireland Records (dates, locations) - on fianna


  • Presbyterian Records (dates, locations) - on fianna



Court Records

Coroner's Casebook of Robert Hamilton HAMILTON REED - on IGP


Description & Travel

Monaghan County Museum

Monaghan - on wikipedia

“This county is divided into five baronies-viz: Cremorne, Dartree, Farney, Monaghan, and Trough, which comprise 17 whole parishes and 6 parts of parishes The principal townsare Monaghan, the county town, Carrickmacross, Castle Blayney, Clones, and New-Bliss. The first four are sessions towns and heads of Poor-law Unions, and all are market towns. The smaller towns are Ballybay, Bellanode, Emyvale, Glaslough, Rockcorry, Scotshouse, and Smithborough.‘ [Description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)] Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2018]

“The principal communications of the county are the Ulster canal, the Dundalk and Armagh railway, and the roads from Monaghan to Ballybay, Dundalk, Bellatrain, Bailieboro,Carrickmacross, Ardagh, Slane, and Dublin, again to Armagh and Belfast, again to Emyvale, Anglenachy, and Omagh, and lastly to Smithborough, Clones, and Enniskillen.‘ [Description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)] Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2018]



Directories (list)  - on fianna


Emigration & Immigration

Monaghan Immigration Records - on IGP



The transcription for this county from the National Gazetteer (1868), provided by Colin Hinson.

The transcription for this county from the  1837 Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland [ Mel Lockie ©2013]



The Ireland Genealogy Project's County Monaghan page, and its listing of the Project's available Monaghan Records.

The Irish Ancestors website (subscription) has the following types of records: State Registration of Births, Marriages & Deaths, Census returns, Land records, Church records, Genealogical Office records, Gravestone inscriptions, Directories, Newspapers, Wills, Deeds, and Occupations.

Irish Ancestors' extensive County Monaghan website.

The LDS FamilySearch Wiki's Ireland Online Genealogy Records.

The Fianna website's pages for County Monaghan provide important addresses and extensive information about online and other genealogy resources.

Roots Ireland (subscription) "offers access to a unique database of more than 20 million Irish records". Its Monaghan coverage includes Baptismal/Birth Records, Marriage Records, Burial/Death Records, Census Records, Gravestone Inscriptions, Griffith's Valuation (Free Access), and Census Substitutes.

Monaghan Images (People) - on IGP

How to trace your ancestors in County Monaghan - online booklet at Monaghan Library


Historical Geography

  • Monaghan Civil Parishes  - on Irish Ancestors
  • The County Monaghan page on logainm.ie has links to its civil parish pages.
  • "The Placenames Database of Ireland was created by Fiontar & Scoil na Gaeilge in collaboration with The Placenames Branch (Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht). This is a comprehensive management system for data, archival records and placenames research conducted by the State. It is a public resource for Irish people at home and abroad, and for all those who appreciate the rich heritage of Irish placenames."


Local Studies Book Collection - at Monaghan Library (inc. local history books)


Land & Property

Monaghan Census Substitutes (Landowners 1870's) - on IGP

Miscellaneous records, list (mainly land related) - on fianna

Griffiths Valuation 1847/64 on the Ask about Ireland site. Use the search box to bring up entries showing Barony/Parish/Townlands and lists of Occupants


The Tithe Applotment Books were compiled between 1823 and 1838 as a survey of land in each civil parish to determine the payment of tithes (a religious tax). Unlike Griffith's Valuation they do not cover cities or towns.  Tithe Applotment Books for county Monaghan and its  parishes are available online on the National Archives of Ireland website (free).



Military Records

Monaghan Military & Constabulary (Irish Constabulary with native county of Monaghan 1840 onwards) - on IGP


Monumental Inscriptions

Monaghan Headstone Photos - on IGP

Memorial Inscriptions (list) - on fianna



Monaghan Obituaries & Funeral Entries - on IGP

Index to Obituaries - at Monaghan Library

  • Northern Standard Death Notices and Obituaries 1800s
  • Northern Standard Death Notices and Obituaries 1900-1918
  • Northern Standard Death Notices and Obituaries 1919-1939
  • Northern Standard Death Notices and Obituaries 1940-1969
  • Peoples Advocate – Death Notices and Obituaries 1876-1907
  • Death Notices and Obituaries – Farney Leader, Monaghan Argus, Monaghan People


“The linen trade, which till recently was declining throughout the county, has rallied, and is now steadily increasing...........There are quarries of slate, marble, and gypsum worked, and coal appears about Carrickmacross, but is not worked. There are also indications of lead, copper manganese, and antimony; but the mineral productions of this county are more numerous than valuable.‘ [Description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)] Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2018]



From Fianna:

Clogher Record (annual), Mrs. M. O'Neill, Registrar,
Clogher HIstorical Society,, 15 Glenview Heights, Monaghan

Probate Records

Monaghan Wills - on IGP


Religion & Religious Life

Protestants in favour of Catholic Emancipation 1812 - on IGP