"Cumnock, New, par. and vil. with ry. sta., E. Ayrshire, at the confluence of the Afton Water and the Nith, 5½ miles SE. of Cumnock and 21½ miles SE. of Kilmarnock -- par., 48,096 ac., pop. 3781; vil., pop. 1265; P.O., T.O., 2 Banks; is rich in minerals."
John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887
Baird Institute History Centre and Museum
Lugar Street, Old Cumnock
Ayrshire KA18 1AD, Scotland
Telephone & Fax: (01290) 421701.
There are two microfilm readers, and you can book a half-day session in advance. This location houses the main genealogical sources for the local area, as well as local history collections. No charges. The family history section is very helpful to visiting researchers.
Opening times: Mon, Tue, Thu, Fri: 10am-1pm, 1.30pm- 4.30pm.
The local paper is the:
49 Ayr Road, Old Cumnock,
Ayrshire KA18 1ED, Scotland.
Telephone: (01290) 423 851
The original parish church, built during the Commonwealth period in 1657, lies in ruins. Next to it is the disused Arthur Memorial Church, built in 1912. The Martyrs Parish Church, Castle Road, was built in 1833.
New Cumnock is a large parish to the east of Ayrshire which separated from the older parish of Old Cumnock in 1657. The straggling village of New Cumnock lies at the confluence of the Rivers Nith and Afton and on the A76 road. The higher areas of the parish include the beautiful and largely undiscovered Glen Afton. Like Old Cumnock, the lower area is associated with the former coal mining industry. The parish also includes the villages of Craigbank and Afton Bridgend.
The middle of New Cumnock has long been known as the 'Castle', but there remain few signs of the former castle. Part of the wall round the old graveyard was the castle wall, and it is possible to see the remains of the moat round the back of the Afton Memorial Church.
At the north of the town, the railway station has been re-opened and there are now regular services to Kilmarnock. The town was a mining community for most of the 19th and 20th centuries. Opposite Castlehill lies a memorial to the mining community in the form of a miner's safety lamp on a plinth. As well as coal mining, there were small amounts of lead, copper, graphite and antimony mined in the vicinity.
An 1837 description of New Cumnock, including a listing of the key personalities of the town, is given in this extract from Pigot's Directory for Ayrshire. The transcript was provided by Keith Muirhead from Queensland.
To the south of the parish is the county boundary with the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright and the Parish of Carsphairn.
- The transcription of the section for New Cumnock from the National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from New Cumnock to another place.
You can see the administrative areas in which New Cumnock has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference NS618097 (Lat/Lon: 55.361916, -4.182444), New Cumnock which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- Old Maps Online
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)