"A town and parish in the county of Berwick. The town stands in a retired dry valley, having a small rivulet of excellent water running upon each side of it, and is about a mile distant from the sea. It appears to have been of considerable antiquity, for its monastery was one of the most ancient and flourishing on the east of Scotland ... The town appears long ago to have been much larger than at present; but, of late, it has assumed a more lively and cheerful appearance; and the wealth and population are visibly increasing. It contains about 720 inhabitants. The parish is of an irregular square figure, of 7 or 8 miles. The general appearance is flat; but there is a considerable portion of rising grounds, of easy ascent and gentle declivity ... About a mile W. of St Abb's Head is a beautiful piece of water, called Coldingham loch, which is about a mile in circumference, and of considerable depth. There are, besides the town of Coldingham, 3 or 4 small villages in the parish, the inhabitants of which are chiefly farmers or weavers ... Population in 1801, 2391." From the Gazetteer of Scotland published 1806, Edinburgh.
The Borders Family History Society has published a CD of Coldingham gravestones.
Pre-1855 inscriptions for the parish are contained in the Scottish Genealogy Society's volume of Berwickshire Monumental Inscriptions (Pre-1855).
See also under Church Records for details of a mortcloth (i.e. burial) indexing project.
Graham and Emma Maxwell have transcribed and indexed the 1841, 1851 and 1861 census returns for this parish.
The following quotation comes from the Imperial Gazetteer of Scotland, edited by John Marius Wilson and published in 1868. This reference was found in volume I, p.290:
"The district of Laverock, or Leveret-Law, which was returned as a separate parish in 1821 and 1831, and was returned as part of the parish of Ayton in 1841, has been decided by the Court of Session to belong to the parish of Coldingham."
A Relief Church was built in Coldingham in 1793 and this went under various names in the next century, known variously as the Associate (Burgher) Congregation of Coldingham, the United Presbyterian Church of Coldingham, and the United Free Church in Coldingham. In 1837 this church had 540 communicants, i.e. a significant proportion of the population in the local area.
In 1794 a chapel-of-ease was built at Renton, but it was replaced in 1831 by Renton Chapel and this in turn became Houndwood Parish Church. After the Free Church broke off in 1843 a Free Church was built at Houndwood in 1847 and used until 1887 when the Free Church congregation agreed to move to Grantshouse and the new Free Church opened there in 1888.
The parish church (Church of Scotland) has parish registers dating from 1690. Old Parish Registers (before 1855) are held in the National Records of Scotland in Edinburgh, and copies on microfilm may be consulted in local libraries and in LDS Family History Centres around the world. Later parish registers (after 1855) are often held in the National Records of Scotland as are any records of non-conformist churches in the area (often unfilmed and unindexed, and only available there).
An index to Coldingham's mortcloth records (essentially burial records) between the years 1694 and 1759 has been compiled.
The parish registers available worldwide on microfilm include some kirk session records:
- In part 732/2: minutes for 1710-1722
- In part 732/3: some minutes and accounts for 1722-1744
More information on kirk sessions and their records can be found in the Church Records section of the Berwickshire page. Most of Coldingham's kirk session records are held at the National Records of Scotland in Edinburgh (NRS reference CH2/69). Published articles about Coldingham's kirk session records include:
- "Kirk Session Records of Coldinghame" by A.Thomson, printed in the 1904 transactions of the Hawick Archaeological Society, pp.29-31 (focused on records for 1694-1700)
- "Bridegrooms, bodles and mortcloths" by T.D.Thomson, printed in the History of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club, Volume 41, pp.117-120
- "Scandal at Auchencraw" by William Lillie, printed in the History of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club, Volume 40, pp.50-55 (describes early 18th century incident and the ensuing investigation by the session, calling many witnesses etc.)
Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths began in Scotland on 1st January 1855. For further details of this see the National Records of Scotland website.
The St Abbs Community Website has a lot of information about the history of St Abbs village (originally called Coldingham Shore). As well as articles about different kinds of fishing, the website includes a photographic archive of over 100 old postcards showing images from the village and surrounding area.
Coldingham's entry in Pigot and Co's National Commercial Directory of the whole of Scotland of 1837 can be read online. It describes the parish but lists only a fraction of the population at the time.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Coldingham to another place.
The Coldingham One-Place Study is an ongoing project aiming to piece together references to people in the parish in the past, particularly before civil registration started in 1855.
You can see the administrative areas in which Coldingham has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
- The correspondence, inventories, account rolls, and law proceedings, of the priory of Coldingham edited by James Raine, published in London, 1841 (listed in the LDS Family History Library catalogue in microfiche format, so hopefully available worldwide in LDS family history centres)
- History of the priory of Coldingham: from the earliest date to the present time by William King Hunter, published by J. & J.H. Ruherfurd, Kelso, 1858 (listed in the LDS Family History Library catalogue in microfilm format, so hopefully available worldwide in LDS family history centres)
- A history of Coldingham Priory, containing a survey of the civil and ecclesiastical history of the eastern portion of Berwickshire, anciently termed Coldinghamshire by Alexander Allan Carr, published by Adam & Charles Black, Edinburgh, 1836
- Coldingham: Parish & Priory by Alexander Thomson, published by Craighead Brothers, Ladhope Vale, Galashiels, 1908
Ordnance Survey maps covering Coldingham include:
- Landranger 67: Duns, Dunbar & Eyemouth area - scale 1:50000, or 1.25inch:1mile, or 2cm:1km
- Pathfinder 423: Eyemouth & Grantshouse - scale 1:25000, or 2.5inch:1mile, or 4cm:1km
Coldingham is also covered by an old Victorian one-inch to the mile Ordnance Survey map published by Caledonian Maps. The relevant sheet is sheet number 34 "Eyemouth" which also includes Burnmouth, Chirnside, Cockburnspath, Coldingham, Edrom, Foulden, Grantshouse, Preston and St Abb's Head.
The National Records of Scotland holds the following as part of its collection of maps and plans:
- 1759: A plan of the village of Auchencrow showing boundaries of fields, roads etc. Scale 1:7100. Size 37x45cm. Grid (map) reference NT8560. NRS reference RHP.178
- 1760: Plan of the runrigg lands of West Reston. Scale 1:3600. Size 105x104cm. Grid (map) reference NT8265. NRS reference RHP.4088
- 1765: A plan of Coldingham common moor showing names of adjacent owners. Scale 1:6300. Size 147x101cm. Grid (map) reference NT8568. NRS reference RHP.62
- 1772: The common or commonty of Coldingham, showing the scheme of division, Coldingham village and names of adjacent owners. Scale 1:9500. Size 128x52cm. Grid (map) reference NT8568. NRS reference RHP.155
- 1783: Rough sketch of part of the common showing a proposed road. Size 18x30cm. Grid (map) reference NT9065. NRS reference RHP.556
- 1804: Farm plan of Temple Hall. Scale 1:3200. Size 76x56cm. Grid (map) reference NT8965. NRS reference RHP.3281
- 1811: Sketch of the lands of Renton under division. Size 62x53cm. Grid (map) reference NT8265. NRS reference RHP.4096
- 1828: Sketch of Coldingham harbour. Scale 1:140. Size 33x52cm. Grid (map) reference NT9166. NRS reference RHP.4244
- 1832: Sketch of proposed breakwater at Coldingham. Scale 1:120. Size 20x39cm. Grid (map) reference NT9166. NRS reference RHP.4245
- 1837: An estate plan of Templehall showing the house, parks and gardens. Scale 1:4000. Size 54x39cm. Grid (map) reference NT8965. NRS reference RHP.837
- 1845: Harbour of Coldingham shewing proposed improvements. Scale 1:240. Size 60x49cm. Grid (map) reference NT9166. NRS reference RHP.4246
- 1888: Coldingham harbour. Scale 1:360. Size 61x49cm. Grid (map) reference NT9166. NRS reference RHP.4248
- late 19th century: Rough sketch of Burnhall estate. Size 38x48cm. Grid (map) reference NT9066. NRS reference RHP.4222
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference NT855649 (Lat/Lon: 55.877475, -2.233891), Coldingham which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- Old Maps Online
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
The parish registers available worldwide (see Church Records) include some of the kirk session minutes. Among these are occasional references to people receiving or handing in testimonials or testificates, essentially certificates of good conduct needed by people moving from one parish to another. I have noted down the names of most of the people mentioned in this way between the years 1710 and 1744. The results are now online.
Here are some figures showing the parish's population through time:
- 1755 - 2313
- 1791 - 2391
- 1801 - 2391
- 1811 - 2424
- 1821 - 2675
- 1831 - 2668
- 1861 - 3237
For an account of life in the parish in the mid-18th century see G.B.Millican's article on "The Division of Coldingham Common", published in the transactions of the Berwickshire Naturalists' Club, Volume 42 (part 3 - 1983) pages 109-117. In the early 1760's a number of Coldingham landowners petitioned the Court of Session in Edinburgh to have the Common land, used by all farmers etc. in the parish, divided. Many of the small landowners (feuars) contested this and there was bitter division in the parish. This article describes the events which occurred and gives a valuable insight into parish life at this time. For details of maps drawn up at this time, see the Maps section above.
Another article published a few years earlier in the same transactions describes life at a slightly later period in the parish, and something a bit more notorious: body snatching! In December 1820 Dr George Lawrie, surgeon in Coldingham, was arrested and charged with the crime of exhuming a recently-deceased body from Coldingham churchyard. Together with a number of accomplices he was charged with the crime and tried in the High Court in Edinburgh. A detailed account of the trial (including depositions of many witnesses from the Coldingham area) is given in the article by G.E. Davidson in Volume 41 (part 4 - 1980) pages 227-233.
See also under Church Records for details of "Scandal at Auchencraw", an article revealing much about parish life at the start of the 18th century.