"COLDSTREAM, a parish, containing a post and market town of the same name, on the southern border of Berwickshire. It is bounded on the east and south by the river Tweed, which divides it from England; and on other sides by the parishes of Eccles, Swinton, and Ladykirk ... The ancient name of the parish was Lennel or Leinhall; and the ruins of Lennel church stand on the north bank of the Tweed, 1½ mile distant from Coldstream. Eastward from this church, there was formerly a vilage called Lennel, which was so entirely destroyed in the Border wars, that the site of it is not now known. According to Chalmers, the parish of Leinhall appears in charters as early as the year 1147 ... In 1716 a new parish-church was built at the village of Coldstream, and the designation of the parish was afterwards taken from the kirk-town." From the Imperial Gazetteer of Scotland, edited by John Marius Wilson, 1868.



Pre-1855 inscriptions for the parish are contained in the Scottish Genealogy Society's volume of Berwickshire Monumental Inscriptions (Pre-1855).

The Coldstream & District Local History Society website includes inscriptions from local graveyards.



Graham and Emma Maxwell have transcribed and indexed the 1841, 1851 and 1861 census returns for this parish.



Presbyterian / Unitarian
Coldstream, Church of Scotland

Church History

Rutherfurd's Southern Counties Register and Directory of 1866 lists the following non-conformist churches:

  • Free Church
  • United Presbyterian Church (East)
  • United Presbyterian Church (West)
  • New Road Chapel

Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory of Scotland published in 1837 lists the following non-conformist churches in the parish:

  • United Secession
  • Relief

There may have been other non-conformist churches at different times.

According to Rev. William Ewing's Annals of the Free Church of Scotland (published 1914 in Edinburgh) services began here in August 1843. By 1848 the membership was 221; by 1900 it was 360.


Church Records

The parish church (Church of Scotland) has registers dating from 1690. Old Parish Registers (before 1855) are held in the National Records of Scotland in Edinburgh, and copies on microfilm may be consulted in local libraries and in LDS Family History Centres around the world. Later parish registers (after 1855) are often held in the National Records of Scotland as are any records of non-conformist churches in the area (often unfilmed and unindexed, and only available there).

Coldstream was another place on the Border (like Lamberton Toll and Gretna Green) where irregular marriages were regularly conducted (for more information on such marriages see the Church Records section of the Berwickshire page). Original Indexes has published a microfiche edition of a late 19th century transcript of a register for Coldstream Bridge, covering the years 1793-1797. 635 marriages are listed, including parishes of abode.


Civil Registration

Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths began in Scotland on 1st January 1855. For further details of this see the National Records of Scotland website.


Description & Travel

You can see pictures of Coldstream which are provided by:





You can see maps centred on OS grid reference NT837418 (Lat/Lon: 55.669353, -2.260081), Coldstream which are provided by:



Here are some figures showing the parish's population through time:

  • 1755 - 1493
  • 1801 - 2269
  • 1811 - 2384
  • 1821 - 2801
  • 1831 - 2897
  • 1861 - 2823


The Coldstream & District Local History Society has a useful website including inscriptions from local graveyards, and details of other research projects they are undertaking. They also hold a series of talks locally.