"Livingstone, par. and vil. with ry. sta., Linlithgowshire - par., 5362 ac., pop. 1434; vil., on river Almond, 1½ mile SE. of its ry. sta., which is 3 miles E. of Bathgate; P.O.; has oilworks; to the E. of the vil. stood an old peel-tower which was garrisoned by Edward I.; the district gave the title of baron to the Livingstones, Earls of Linlithgow."
From John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887