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Boundary Changes 1889-92 : Berwickshire

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27.—COUNTY OF BERWICK.

1.—COUNTY BOUNDARIES.

The county of Berwick had one detached part (a detached part of
 the parish of Earlston), which extended to 0.024 of an acre, and lay within the parish of Melrose
 and the county of Roxburgh. It had also 
a part, or nearly detached, consisting of that part of the parish of
 Mertoun, which abutted on the parish of St. Boswells. There was one
 parish situated partly in the county of Berwick and partly in another
 county (the county of Haddington), viz., Oldhamstocks. The
 following changes have been effected in county boundaries :—

1.—Oldhamstocks.

The parish of Oldhamstocks was situated partly in the county of 
Berwick and partly in the county of Haddington. The Berwickshire 
portion was in two parts, one being a detached part of Oldhamstocks 
parish, and the other being part of the main of the parish. 

By the Order printed at p. 109, the detached part of the parish was transferred to the parish of Coldingham, being retained in the county 
of Berwick. (For details see Coldingham, infra, p. 319.) The parish 
of Oldhamstocks, as thus altered in area, was then placed wholly in 
the oounty of Haddington.

For the subjects thus transferred from the county of Berwick to 
the county of Haddington, see County of Haddington, Oldhamstocks, supra, p. 314.

B. With the County of Roxburgh.

1.—Earlston and Lauder.

As already stated, the parish of Earlston had a small detached part which was also a detached part of the county of Berwick, and was surrounded by the county of Roxburgh. Within the county of Berwick
 the parish of Lauder had a detached part situated on the west of the 
Leader Water and projecting into the parish of Melrose and the county 
of Roxburgh. By the Order printed at p. 111 two changes were made
 on the county boundary—(a.) the detached part of the parish of 
Lauder was transferred to the parish of Melrose, and at the same time
 to the county of Roxburgh ; and (b.) so much of Earlston parish as 
lay to the west of the Leader Water (including the detached part) was transferred to the parish of Melrose and to the county of Roxburgh.

For details see County of Roxburgh, Earlston, &c., infra, p. 331.

2.—Mertoun.

The parish of Mertoun had a part detached or nearly detached east of Dryburgh Abbey. By the Order printed at p.112 this part was transferred to the parish of St. Boswells and to the county
 of Berwick.

For details, see County of Roxburgh, Mertoun, infra, p. 332.

II.—PARISH BOUNDARIES.


1.—Abbey St. Bathans.
 
The parish of Abbey St. Bathans had two detached parts, one of
which lay to the north of the main portion of the parish within the parish of Cockburnspath, while the other was separated from the main portion of the parish by a detached part of the parish of Longformacus. By the Order printed at the top of p. 113 the second of these 
detached part was transferred to the parish of Cockburnspath. By 
the Order printed at the foot of p. 113 the second of these detached parts
 was united with the main portion of the parish of Abbey St. Bathans by the transference to that parish of the detached part of Longformacus.

The following subjects have thus been transferred :—

(a.) From the parish of Abbey St. Bathans to the parish of Cockburnspath.—See Cockburnspath, infra.

(b.) From the parish of Longformacus to the parish of Abbey St.
Bathans :—

PlaceDescriptionProprietor
Blakerstone,Farm,Representatives of late John Turnbull of Abbey St. Bathans.
Do.House,Do.
Retreat,House and woodlands,Do.
Woodlands,Pasturage,Do.

(Sheets 33 and 34 of the Ordnance Survey maps of Scotland, one-inch scale.)

2.—Cockburnspath.

The parish of Cockburnspath has been altered in area through the
 addition of the small detached part of Abbey St. Bathans which lay
 within the parish of  Cockburnspath, by the Order printed at p. 113.

The following subject has thus been transferred from the parish of 
Abbey St. Bathans to the parish of Cockburnspath :—

PlaceDescriptionProprietor
Pateshill,Farm,Representatives of late John Turnbull of Abbey St. Bathans.

(Sheet 33  of the Ordnance Survey maps of Scotland, one-inch scale.)

3.—Coldingham.

The parish of Coldingham had one detached part situated at
 High Laws, and surrounded by the parish of Eyemouth. By the Order
 printed at p. 115 the detached part was transferred to the pariah of
 Eyemouth. The parish of Coldingham was further altered in area
 through the addition of the detached part of Oldhamstocks parish 
situated at the east end of Coldingham parish by the Order printed at 
p. 109.

The following subjects have thus been transferred :—

(a.) From the parish of Coldingham to the parish of Eyemouth.—See Eyemouth, infra, p. 320.

(b.) From the parish of Oldhamstocks to the parish of Colding
ham :—

PlaceDescriptionProprietor
Blackburn,Farm (part),Hugh Wright of Blackburn.
Do.Woodlands,Do.
Butterdeau,Farm,Right Hon. A. J. Balfour of Whittinghame.
Do.Woodlands, land, and houses,Do.
Grant's House,Mill premises, offices, houses, and land,North British Railway Co.
Part of the North British Railway line (66 chains), Do.
Grant's House Station, Do.

(Sheet 34 of the Ordnance Survey maps of Scotland, one-inch scale.)

4.-Cranshaws.

The parish of Cranshaws had one detached part which was
 bounded on north and east by the parish of Longformacus. By the
 Order printed at p. 114 an exchange of territory was effected between
i those parishes, The detached part of Cranshaws was transferred to 
Longformacus, while the portion of Longformacus described in Clause
 II. of the Order was transferred to Cranshaws. The latter portion 
may in general terms be described as the portion of Longformacus 
north of the course of the River Whitadder, from the main portion of Cranshaws parish on the west to Ellem Inn on the east.

The following subjects have thus been transferred :—

(a.) From the parish of Cranshaws to the parish of Longformacus.
 See Longformacus, infra, p. 321.

(b.) From the parish of Longformacus to the parish of Cranshaws :—

PlaceDescriptionProprietor
Ellemford,Farm,Representatives of late John Turnbull of Abbey St. Bathans.
Do.House and woodlands,Do.
Fellclough,Farm (except a very small part south of the river),Do.
Harehead, &c.,Farm (part),Sir G. Grant Suttle of Prestongrange.
Redpath,Do.Hon. Louis H. Henry.
Smiddyhill,Farm,Earl of Wemyss & March.
Whitchester,Land (a very small part),Andrew Smith of Whitchester.

(Sheet 33  of the Ordnance Survey maps of Scotland, one-inch scale.)

5.—Earlston.

The parish of Earlston has been altered in area through the transference of the parish of Melrose of as much of Earlston as lay west 
of the Leader Water by the Order printed at p. 111.

For details as to subjects transferred, see County of Roxburgh,
 Earlston, infra, p. 331.

6.—Eyemouth

The parish of Eyemouth has been altered in area by the Order 
printed at p. 115, which has transferred to that parish the detached
 part of Coldingham.

The following subjects have thus been transferred from the parish
 of Coldingham to the parish of Eyemouth :—

PlaceDescriptionProprietor
Highlaws,House, offices, gardener’s house, policies, land, and woodlands,Magnus Sandison of Highlaws.
Do.Farm (part),Do.
Biglawburn,House, offices and land,Do.

(Sheet 34 of the Ordnance Survey maps of Scotland, one-inch scale.)

7.—Hume and Nenthorn

The parish of Hume had one detached part situated on the north-
west border of the parish of Nenthorn. By the Order printed at p. 
116 an exchange of territory was effected between these two parishes, 
whereby (a) the detached part of Hardiesmill Place as was situated in
 Nenthorn was transferred to Hume.

The following subjects have thus been transferred :—

(a.) From the parish of Hume to the parish of Nenthorn.

PlaceDescriptionProprietor
Mellerstein Home Farm,Land,Earl of Haddington.


(b.) From the parish of Nenthorn to the parish of Hume.

PlaceDescriptionProprietor
Hardies' Mill PlaceFarm (part),George A. Baird of Stitchell.

(Sheet 25 of the Ordnance Survey maps of Scotland, one-inch scale.)

8.—Lauder.

The parish of Lauder had one detached part situated to the
 south of the main portion of the parish and on the west of the Leader
 Water. By the Order printed at p. 111 this detached part was transferred to the parish of Melrose and to the county of Roxburgh.

For details see County of Roxburgh, Lauder, infra, p. 331.

9.—Longformacus.

The parish of Longformacus had one detached part which lay to
 the east of the main portion of the parish of Abbey St. Bathans. By 
the Order printed at p. 113 this detached part was transferred to 
Abbey St Bathans. The area of the parish of Longformacus was further altered by the Order printed at p. 114, which transferred to Longformacus the detached part of Cranshaws, and gave Cranshaws
 the part of Longformacus north of a line drawn down the River Whitadder from the main portion of Cranshaws parish to the parish
 boundary at Ellem Inn.

The following subjects have thus been transferred :—

(a.) From the parish of Longformacus to the parish of Abbey St, Bathans.—See Abbey St. Bathans, supra, p. 318.

(b.) From the parish of Longformacus to the parish of Cranshaws.
—See Cranshaws, supra, p. 319.

(c.) From the parish of Cranshaws to the parish of Longformacus :—

PlaceDescriptionProprietor
Cranshaws,Woodlands,A. C. Stuart of Eaglescairnie.
Rawburn, &c.,Farm,Do.
Handaxwood,Land,Duke of Roxburghe.

(Sheets 25, 33 and 34 of the Ordnance Survey maps of Scotland, one-inch scale.)

10.—Mertoun.

The parish of Mertoun has been altered in area through the transference of a small part on the right bank of the Tweed to the parish
 of St. Boswells by the Order printed at p. 112.

See County of Roxburgh, Mertoun, infra, p. 332.

11.—Oldhamstocks.

See County of Haddington, Oldhamstocks, supra, p. 315.

EXPLANATORY NOTES

1. The counties are arranged in the order as in the Census returns, "such that a zig-zag line beginning at the north of Scotland and carried to the south passes successively through every County". The counties have the same numbers as in the Census returns.

2. The subjects transferred are enumerated under the head of the County or Parish to which they are transferred. Thus when an area has been transferred from County A to County B, the subjects affected are enumerated under County B, and a cross reference is given under County A.

3. The names of subjects are those contained in the Valuation Rolls. In the description of subjects the term "farm" includes the farm-house and servants' houses, and the term "croft" includes the house. But where any of the servants' houses on the farm have distinctive names, such houses are detailed separately. "House" includes "cottage", and "land" includes gardens, yards &c.

4. The names of proprietors are in almost all cases those given in The Valuation Rolls of 1890-91. It is therefore to be borne in mind that those who are described as proprietors may be limited owners only, such as liferenters or leaseholders.

5. Where villages or towns are affected, the names of the subjects and proprietors are not usually given. The description of the area transferred is in such cases quite sufficient to show whatever and to what extent any subject in the village or town has been affected by the Order.

6. The Ordnance Survey maps referred to are those published by the Ordnance Survey Department on the scale of one inch to the mile. Those published down to this date (1891), show the Counties and Parishes as they were before the Order of the Commissioners came into operation. It is expected that, when the work of the Commissioners is completed, revised maps will be issued to show the altered boundaries, but the sheets of the revised maps will bear the same numbers as the present maps. The Orders and the explanations can be followed readily on the maps as published at present.

7. An ampersand (&) has been used wherever a County or a Parish has a double name, e.g. "Ross & Cromarty" or "Fetlar & North Yell".

8. In most cases it is necessary to read the text of the order along with the explanation, because the full descriptions contained in the Orders are, as a rule, not repeated in the explanation.