LLANVAIR YNGHORNWY (LLAN-VAIR-YN-NGHORNWY), a parish in the hundred of TAL Y BOLION, county of ANGLESEY, NORTH WALES, 8 miles (N. W.) from Llanerchymedd, containing 310 inhabitants. This parish, which is of great extent, is situated at the north-western extremity of the Isle of Anglesey, near Camlyn bay, and almost directly opposite to the Isle of Skerries. Its surface is boldly varied, and in some parts rises into abrupt and rugged eminences : the scenery is strikingly diversified, and the views, extending on the west over St. George's channel, and on the north to the Irish sea, comprehend many interesting objects, and are finely contrasted with those over the adjacent country on the east, which embrace a rich variety of rural and picturesque features. Near Camlyn bay is a fine quarry of serpentine marble, of the species called Verd antique, which is intersected with veins of asbestos, of a beautiful silky texture : this, marble is more highly esteemed than the finest specimens from Italy, and many of the slabs obtained here have produced very large sums : the asbestos found here is superior in softness and brilliancy to any yet discovered in Europe. Among the mineral productions of this parish are likewise steatite, or soap-rock, and amianthus. There is safe anchorage for small vessels on the coast, in Camlyn, or Crooked Pool bay, which might at little expense be rendered a safe port, and even a serviceable dock might easily be constructed in it. The living is a perpetual curacy, annexed to the rectory of Llandeusant, in the archdeaconry of Anglesey, and diocese of Bangor. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a spacious ancient structure, partly in the Norman style, with a lofty square tower of rude architecture at the west end : it consists of a nave and double chancel, the latter divided by a series of massive circular pillars and arches : the south chancel belongs exclusively to the proprietor of the Monachty estate, in this parish ; and the north, which is the property of the owner of Caeria, is the sepulchral chapel of the family of Williams, of Friars, and contains many elegant monuments to members of that family, and of the family of the Bulkeleys : upon one of the pillars which separate the chancels is a very ancient inscription in rude Saxon characters. There are places of worship for Baptists and for Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodists. Monachty, the estate above mentioned, supposed by some writers anciently to have been the site of a religious house, was granted by Llewelyn ab Grufydd as part of the endowment of the abbey which he founded at Aberconway, from which circumstance it derived its present appellation, and the exemption from tithes which it still enjoys. Near the church are three upright stones of large dimensions, placed in the form of a triangle, at a distance of six hundred yards from each other, and called Meini Hirion, or "the Stones of Heroes"; and near the same place are the remains of an extensive circular camp, called Castell Crwn, surrounded by a vallum and fosse. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £ 107. 11. ( A Topgraphical Dictionary of Wales by Samuel Lewis, 1833)
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