LLANGRYSTYOLYS (LLAN - GRISTIOLUS), a parish in the hundred of MALLTRAETH, county of ANGLESEY, NORTH WALES, 1 1/2 mile (S. S. W.) from Llangevni, containing 873 inhabitants. This parish, which takes its name from the dedication of its church to St. Cristiolus, who flourished about the middle of the seventh century, is situated on the great road from London to Holyhead, and near the upper part of the Malldraeth marsh, over which the road is continued by a noble embankment, extending nearly a mile in length. In 1788 and 1790, acts of parliament were obtained for constructing an embankment to secure this low tract from the encroachment of the sea, and for enclosing it, as it formed an extent of about three thousand acres, comprised chiefly within the limits of this parish. Under the provisions of these acts considerable progress had been made in the execution of this work, and many thousand pounds expended on it, when, in 1796, a violent irruption of the sea destroyed the greater part of the embankment, and the enterprise was for some time abandoned. This desirable work was, however, resumed under the sanction of an act of parliament obtained in 1815, and the undertaking was successfully completed in 1819. The entire parish consists of a large tract of enclosed and well-cultivated land, with some common and waste. The surrounding scenery is not distinguished by any peculiarity of feature from what is generally found in this part of the island; the soil is various, but for the most part fertile. Coal and free-stone of good quality exist in the parish, but have not been hitherto worked to any advantage. The living is a perpetual curacy, with that of Cerregceinwen annexed, in the archdeaconry of Anglesey, and diocese of Bangor, and in the patronage of the Bishop of Bangor, to whom, as Archdeacon of Anglesey, the tithes of the parish are appropriated. The church is supposed to have been originally built about the year 610: the present structure is spacious and handsome, exhibiting some elegant architectural details, and decorated with an east window of good design, enriched with elegant tracery. There are places of worship for Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodists. A parochial school, in which a few boys are gratuitously taught to read and write, is supported partly by a small endowment, and partly by subscription. The Rev. Hugh Jones bequeathed £ 100; the Rev. Dr. Lewis, £50 ; John GriffIth Lewis, £ 10 ; Owen David ab Owen, £ 10; and various other benefactors smaller sums of money; the interest of which, amounting to £ 17. 10., is annually distributed among the poor of the parish at Christmas. Dr. Henry Maurice, of Jesus' College, Oxford, and Margaret Professor of Divinity in that university, was born in this parish, in 1648: he accompanied his patron, Sir Leoline Jenkins, to Cologne, whither he was sent as ambassador, and greatly distinguished himself as a polemical writer. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £472.2. ( A Topographical Dictionary of Wales by Samuel Lewis, 1833)
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Llangristiolus parish in the County of Anglesey - on the People's Collection Wales site
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