"LLANWNWS (LLAN-WNWS), a parish, comprising the townships of GWNNWS-ISÂV or Lower, and GWNNWS UCHÂV,or Upper, which separately maintain their own poor, in the upper division of the hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 11 miles (S.E. by S ) from Aberystwith, and 15 ( N.N.E.) from Lampeter, containing 919 inhabitants, of which number, 467 are in the higher division, which contains the church. This parish, which extends nearly fourteen miles in length, and, upon the average, three miles in breadth, comprises a wide tract nearly in the centre of the county, bounded on the north by the river Ystwith, and on the south by the Teivy..."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]
Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants
Parish entry for Llanafan-y-Trawscoed with Llanwnnws (Gwnnws)from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).
St David's Church, Pontrhydfendigaid - photograph on Dyfed FHS
See Chapels database
Baptisms 1760-2, 1770-2, 1789-1991 . Marriages 1765-6, 1775-84, 1789-96, 1803-1969 [Banns 1823-81]. Burials 1789-98, 1812-1968 NLW and some dates at Cer.RO
1811, 1813-62, 1864-78 NLW
See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg
I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-75. Marriages 1811-37
Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from Cardiganshire Family History Society Volume 2: Ilar (Upper) Hundred . Parishes covered: Eglwys Newydd, Gwnnws, Llanafan, Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn, Llanilar, Lledrod, Rhostïe, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Ystrad Meurig
Nonconformist Chapels; see Chapels database
The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;
"GWNNWS-ISÂV, a township in the parish of LLANWNWS, upper division of the hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 10 miles (S. E.) from Aberystwith, containing 467 inhabitants. It is bounded on the north by the river Ystwith, the scenery on the banks of which is romantic and picturesque, and is situated on the road between Aberystwith and Trêgaron: the village consists only of a few scattered dwellings."
Suhm, Gary. The Llwyn y Mwn Emigration. Dyfed FHS journal 7/8, Aug 2002. The story of the Williams family of Llwyn y mwn farm, Gwnnws Uchaf parish, who emigrated to the USA in 1847
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Gwnnws to another place.
Held at Ceredigion Archives;
- Photographs of the Woosnam family of Pontrhydfendigaid and others including personnel of the Manchester and Milford railway.
Jones, Aidan. To North Wales Via India: Two Clerical Brothers from Cardiganshire. Cardiganshire FHS journal, vol 3/6 October 2003. The brothers are the Revs Morgan Davies (1793-1860) and Thomas Davies (1795-1873) originally from this parish. Follow up article in Cardiganshire FHS journal, vol 3/7 Feb 2004.
You can see the administrative areas in which Gwnnws has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print has now been reprinted. The brief section relating to this parish is on pages 267/8; the sacremental cup in the church bears the date 1574. The mine of Escair y mwn is in the parish. Tyrgwald is a hamlet, as is Llwynynwyn.
Documents held at the NLW :
- Cardiganshire Rentals ;
8-12. Lordship of Mefenydd, 1892-5 (Gwnnws Isaf, Llangwyryfon, Llanilar, Llanrhystud, Lledrod Isaf, Rhostïe).
Laws and Statutes VIII. Chronological Series George III. [1760-1820.]Title: [55 Geo. III. Private Acts, c. 81.] An act for inclosing lands in the parish of Gwnnws, and the several other parishes therein mentioned, and in the township of Llanrhystid Mevenidd, in the county of Cardigan. London: 1815
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN749691 (Lat/Lon: 52.3054, -3.836031), Gwnnws which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- OpenStreetMap Cymru (Welsh counties only)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- OldMaps (Old Ordnance Survey maps.)
- Old Maps Online (Other old maps.)
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
Places, villages, farms etc within Gwnnws as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Tony Morris)
Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;
- Gwnnws Upper and Caron Upper Bont Parochial Committee Records "Records of Gwnnws Upper and Caron Upper Parochial Committee relating to Bont water supply, 1895-1898 ......"
Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847