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Llanddewibrefi

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See Kain Maps to identify the townships within the area covered by the green boundary lines above which represents the extent of this parish

"LLANDEWY-BREVI (LLAN-DDEWI-BREVI), a parish comprising the townships of Dothie-Camddwr, Dothie-Pyscottwr, Godwidd, and Prisk with Carvan, in the upper division of the hundred of PENARTH; the chapelries of Blaen-Penal and Gartheli, and the townships of Cugian, Gwynvil, and Llanio, in the lower division of the same hundred ; and the chapelry of Bettws-Leike, in the upper division of the hundred of MOYTHEN, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES; 8 miles (N. E. by N.) from Lampeter, and containing 2461 inhabitants .each of the chapelries and townships is separately assessed for the maintenance of its own poor."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

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The chapelries of Betws LeucuBlaenpennal  & Gartheli  whilst part of this parish have their own pages and content

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Church History

Parish entry for Llanddewi Brefi with Llanbadarn Odwyn from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

  • St David & St Padarn (Llanbadarn Odwyn)
  • Incumbent and Curates; T R Davies
  • Rural Deanery of Ultra Aeron
  • Acreage 29,648 & 2,617 ; Population 1,597

St David's church - photograph on Dyfed FHS

Various items  - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • Exterior view of Llanddewibrefi Church and cemetery 
  • Exterior view of Capel Bethel.
  • Old Calvinistic Methodist meeting house, Llanddewibrefi

Bowen, EG. The cult of Dewi Sant at Llanddewi Brefi (NLW's site) Ceredigion, Vol II

Lewis, B. Llanddewi Brefi Parish Church, Brief Guide 1973

Williams, Glanmor. The Collegiate Church of Llanddewibrefi (NLW's site) Ceredigion Vol IV

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Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1775-1992. Marriages 1776 -1807, 1813-1943 [Banns 1826-8, 1830-43, 1851-7, 1860-1928]. Burials 1775-1886 NLW with copies of some dates at Cer.RO
Copy manuscripts PR C 1776-1812 M 1776-1807 B 1776-1835 NLW and typescripts PR M 1775-1837 with index NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1683-5, 1702-3, 1811-59, 1861-7, 1871, 1873, 1875-9, 1882, 1885-6 NLW

Parish Church and Village cemetery - See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1813-75

Nonconformist Chapels; see chapels database

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Description & Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

  • Part (1) of the parish of Llanddewi-brefi consisting of Garthely Chapelry, Gwynfil township, and Blaenpenal Chapelry
  • Area 8102 acres; Population 572 males, 645 females, total 1217
  • Part (2) of the parish of Llanddewi-brefi consisting of the townships of Llanio, Gogoyan, Garth and Ystrad, Prisk and Carfan, Gorwydd, Dothie-Camddwr, and Dothie Piscottwr
  • Area 28150 acres; Population 636 males, 735 females, total 1371
  • Gwynfil township
  • Area 1522 acres; Population 177 males, 198 females, total 375
  • Llanio township
  • Area 1228 acres; Population 58 males, 66 females, total 124
  • Gogoyan township
  • Area 707 acres; Population 52 males, 52 females, total 104
  • Garth and Ystrad township
  • Area 853 acres; Population 32 males, 33 females, total 65
  • Prisk and Carfan township
  • Area 3522 acres; Population 78 males, 75 females, total 153
  • Gorwydd township
  • Area 6604 acres; Population 296 males, 379 females, total 675
  • Dothie-Camddwr township
  • Area 7467 acres; Population 72 males, 71 females, total 143
  • Dothie-Piscottwr township
  • Area 7769 acres; Population 48 males, 59 females, total 107

Llanddewi Brefi, a farm and surrounding countryside as seen from a neighbouring hill  - on the People's Collection Wales site

Anon. Visit to Loventium and Llanddewi Brefi. Card. Antq. Soc. Trans., Vol I/2

You can see pictures of Llanddewibrefi which are provided by:

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Gazetteers

The transcription of the section for Llanddewi Brefi from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

Description of Llanddewibrefi parish from Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833

Descriptions of Llanddewibrefi Townships from Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833

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Genealogy

Cardiganshire Families

Jones, F Two illustrious sons of Cardiganshire Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society Vol 13 1938 Welsh Journals Online

Griffith, W D Dr. The Pedigree of the Griffiths family of Llanddewi Brefi. Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 4/1 Feb 2005

Lloyd, Annie. Was the name Ajax or was it Morgan ? Cardiganshire FHS journal, vol 3/6 October 2003. About an Ajax family of this parish

Price, Kay Lorraine. More Connections with Soar-y-Mynydd. (Features Margaret Jones and Beryl Davies) Cardiganshire FHS journal, Vol 4/2, June 2005

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Llanddewibrefi has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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History

Anon. Rhai o olion hynafiaethol plwyf Llanddewi Brefi. Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society Vol 1 1911 Welsh Journals Online

Jones, Thomas. The book of the Anchorite of Llanddewi Brefi. Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society Vol 12 1937 Welsh Journals Online

Lewis, W.J. Hanes Darluniadol o Geredigion (An illustrated history of Dyfed) Vol 1. Cardiganshire. Aberystwyth, 1976. Also by same author; An Illustrated History of Cardiganshire. 1970. bilingual text. numerous b/w illus., maps, drawing. Here is a list of the chapter headings and an online index of photographs, and linked from the chapter headings section there is also a list of Tai Unnos [One-Night Houses] built on Mynydd Llanddewibrefi from a diagram in said book

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish is on pages 249/54; mentioned are Llanio, Gwastad Gwnda, Abermeirig, Voelallt, Glanrocca, and Llwyn.

Rees, D. Ben. Hanes Plwyf Llanddewi Brefi. [History of Llanddewi Brefi Parish].Gomer Press: 1984 [LDS GS 942.95/L1 H2r]

Williams, David Vicar of Llanfair. Y wladfa fach fynyddig. Situated in the parishes of Llanddewibrefi and Llanfairclydogau. Dinbych: 1963. 87pp. Has interesting photographs with names , e.g Brynmeinog Sunday school tea party in 1912, and the Esgairgoch Shearing party in 1920. It lists most of the farms around where David Williams lived, - Esgaircrwys.

Various items  - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • Photograph: Horses outside the Foelrallt, Llanddewibrefi nd 
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Land & Property

Some of the Tai Unnos (One Night Houses) on Mynydd Llanddewibrefi from a map/diagram on page 68; from An Illustrated History of Cardiganshire . By W J Lewis, 1970

Various items - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • Auction programme for property and land (Derry Ormond estate) 1919 
  • Poster advertising the sale of stock, implements and furniture at Cefnygarth, Llanddewibrefi, 16 October 1897

Held at the NLW ;

  • Deeds deposited by D. Francis Lloyd relating to the parishes of Betws Bledrws and Llanddewibrefi, Cardiganshire, 1807-62.
  • Deeds and papers deposited by D. D. Evans of the Jones family of Llanio Fawr, Cardiganshire, 1692-1833.

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

  • "Jesus College Papers" from the collections of Jesus College, Oxford, including C17,C18 & C19 tittle deeds and correspondence mostly relating to the Llanddewibrefi area and C20 tithe documents for Llandyssul.
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Maps

Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

Various items  - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • Township of Llanio in the parish of Llanddewibrefi in the County of Cardigan 
  • Map of the township of Doithie Camddwr in the parish of Llanddewibrefi, Cardiganshire
  • Llanfair Clydogau and Llanddewibrefi estates the property of Thomas Johnes Esqr; maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN685571 (Lat/Lon: 52.196834, -3.925767), Llanddewibrefi which are provided by:

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Military History

 Llanddewi-Brefi Home Guard December 1944  - on the People's Collection Wales site

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Names, Geographical

Places, villages, farms etc within Llanddewibrefi parish as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • Gwynfil (42); Birch Hill; Cefn-coed; Coedmawr-uchaf; Derlwyn; Nant-Brynmaen; Ty'n-y-rhos
  • Llanio (43); Baths; Loventium; Mill; Nant-Brynmaen; Plas-bach; Pont-Llanio Sta; Sarn Helen; Tomen Llanio; Waun-fawr
  • Garth & Ystrad (44); Garth; Ochr Garth
  • Prisk & Carvan (45); Aber-Carfan; Aber-coed; Afon Brefi; Banc y Gwyngoed; Bryn Du; Bryn Rhudd; Carn Felen; Carnau; Craig Ifan; Cwm-du; Esgair Hir; Foelallt; Graig; Gwyngoed-fach; Hafodlas; Nant-y-dderwen; Pant; Prysg
  • Dothie-Pysgottwr (46); Blaen Brefi; Blaendothie; Bronbyrfe; Bryn-ambor; Bryn-caregog; Bryn Gareg-lwyd; Bryn-glas; Bryn Mawr; Carnau; Carn Pen-rhiw-llwydog; Cefn-Cnwch-eithinog; Coli; Craig Pysgotwr; Cyrnau; Doethie(river); Draen-llwyn-du; Esgair Gwair; Esgair Llethr; Esgair Maen; Hafod Las; Lleth(r)-Du; Llethr Enwast; Llethr Gwyn; Llethr Hafodydd; Llethr Llwyd; Llethr-llwyn-rhudd; Llethr Mawr; Maes-y-betws; Nant-y-Cnwch; Nant y Garn; Pen Rhiw-clochdy; Pen y Garfan; Pwll Uffern; Pysgotwr; Pysgotwr-Fawr
  • Dothie-Camddwr (47); Bryn-Du; Bryn-glas; Bryn y Gorlan; Camddwr (river); Carn Saith-wraig; Craig Cnwch-glas; Craig Clyngwyn; Craig Ddu; Dalarwen; Doethie fach (stream); Esgair Cerig; Foel Fraith; Gouallt; Henfaes; Maes-glas; Nant-llwyd; Nant y Graig; Old Mine; Pen Rhiwbie; Pen y Gurnos; Troed-rhiw-ruddwen
  • Gorwydd (48); Afon Brefi; Blaen Twrch; Bryn Brawd; Bryn Ceiliogau; Bryn Du; Bryn Moel; Bryn y Rhyd; Cnwch Mawr; Craig Curyll; Crug; Cwm Twrch; Esgair-garn; Esgair Goch; Graig-ddu; Graig Wen; Lan Fawr; Llanddewi-Brefi (village); Llethr Du; Nant Clywedog-uchaf; Nant Rhysgog; Pant-gwyn; Pentre-rhew; Pont Gogoyan; Waun-cynydd; Waun Maenllwyd; Wern-coli
  • Gogoyan (49); Cockshead; Glan-Dulas-uchaf; Glan-rhocca; Gogoyan; Mill; Pont Gogoyan
  • Capel-Betws-Lleucu (51); see Betws-Leucu page
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Occupations

The Llanddewibrefi mines: a brief outline of their history. Mines mentioned ; Rhydtalog Mine, Brynambor, Rhysgog, or Rhyscog, Mine, Bronflwyd (Bronfloyd) Mine, Esgair Gadfach, Esgair Gadfach, Cwm Trinant [Cwm Robert], 'Cwm Brefi Mine', Rhywhalog [in Caron parish].
"From the late medieval period through to the 19th century Llanddewibrefi formed part of the estates of the bishop of St Davids. Lead was being worked there by at least the 14th century........"

Various items  - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • A gathering of people on Llanddewi-Brefi Square before members from Llanddewi-Brefi Young Farmers Club went to London to receive the shield for the best club. 
  • Members from Llanddewi-Brefi Y.F.C. in London after being presented with the shield for the best club. c.1955
  • Members of Llanddewi Brefi Y.F.C., 1949
  • Sheep Shearing Day at Esgairgoch, Llanddewi Brefi 1908
  • Llanddewi-Brefi Young Farmers Club and guests c.1955
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Schools

Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

Jones, R Osborne. Coleg Bek at Llanddewibrefi. Transactions of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society Vol 12 1937 Welsh Journals Online

Various items  - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • Llanddewi-Brefi Primary School pupils walking to the unveiling of a St. David monument in Llanddewi-Brefi Church. c.1960 
  • Pupils and teachers from Llanddewi-Brefi Primary School with the Parish's Vicar outside the Church's vestry. c.1960
  • Llanddewi-Brefi Primary School group c.1919 & 1922 & 1926 & 1954 &1960 & nd
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Social Life & Customs

Various items  - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • Photograph: Kneading bread, Llanddewibrefi, Cardiganshire nd
  • Llanddewi-Brefi residents and Primary School pupils with the sign for Best Kept Village in Cardiganshire 1963
  • A tea party held for Brynmeinog Sunday School children on 9th June 1912